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Schoolhouse Point Mound Data: Groundstone from Screened Contexts

Creator(s): Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University

Year: 1996

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Summary

The Schoolhouse Point Mound Mound Data tables provide a summary of the artifacts recovered during Arizona State University (ASU), Office of Cultural Resource Management's (OCRM) Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) excavations at Schoolhouse Point Mound (AZ U:8:24(ASM), AR-03-12-06-13a(USFS)). The Schoolhouse Point Mound table Groundstone from Screened Contexts presents a summary of the groundstone artifacts recovered from excavated contexts that were screened.

The table lists designated archaeological contexts - strata - at the site, and then provides the frequency (count) of different groundstone artifacts for each stratum. The strata represent major natural or cultural depositional events such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate. Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. Within a feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The letters are assigned in descending order. Mixed levels and artifacts collected out of context are designated by a "?". Artifacts from each feature (or mixed context) are tallied according to strata. Please see column metadata for further detail. Please also see the data table "Schoolhouse Point Mound Data: Strata" for further data about each stratum, including the assigned stratum type, at the following tDAR url: https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394231

The Schoolhouse Point Mound Data tables were originally published on the Roosevelt Platform Mound Monograph Series No. 6 titled "The Place of the Storehouses, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Schoolhouse Point Mound, Pinto Creek Complex, Part 2." The tables were published in an appendix at the end of the volume. Please see the report volume at the following tDAR URL:


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Cite this Record

Schoolhouse Point Mound Data: Groundstone from Screened Contexts. Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University. Tempe, Arizona: Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. 1996 ( tDAR id: 394236) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8736SZ1


Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: SHMound_Screened_Groundstone

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Stratum Identifies a major natural or cultural depositional event such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate (i.e., a single archaeological context in both horizontal and vertical space). Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. A stratum is a combination of an individual feature and a context in or associated with that feature. For example, Feature 10 might be a structure with an erosonial fill stratum, a roof fall stratum, a floor stratum, and a sterile substrate stratum. Within each feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The levels excavated in a feature were aggregated into individual feature strata (e.g., Levels 1 - 3 = Stratum A). A feature's stratum letters are assigned in descending order. A context letter of "?" designates a mixed level or context or artifacts collected out of context. Examples: 0? = General Cultural Fill/No Feature and Indeterminate context 10A = Feature 10 and Context A 10B = Feature 10 and Context B 10C = Feature 10 and Context C 22? = Feature 22 and Mixed and/or Undefined context 22A - Feature 22 and Context A Each stratum (e.g., 10C) is assigned to a stratum type. The stratum data are presented in a separate stratum data table. Please see the data table Schoolhouse Point Mound Data: Strata at the following tDAR url: https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394231 Examples: 10A = Feature 10 and Context A = Feature 10, erosional fill 10B = Feature 10 and Context B = Feature 10, roof fall 10C = Feature 10 and Context C = Feature 10, floor Artifacts collected from each feature are tallied according to strata. For example, artifacts collected from Feature 10 are tallied for Stratum A, Stratum B, Stratum C, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
Palette, Informal Frequency of groundstone artifact type Informal Palette in a given stratum. An Informal Palette is a "small stone with flat surface; usually unshaped; exhibits wear from grinding pigments" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Informal palettes received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Shell Reamer Frequency of groundstone artifact type Shell Reamer in a given stratum. A Shell Reamer is a "long, thin, rounded stone; ground to shape, not highly polished;one or both ends are tapered; surface rough for sanding" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Shell Reamers received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Stone Ring Frequency of groundstone artifact type/fine good Stone Ring in a given stratum. As a piece of stone jewlery, stone rings received additional, specialized analyses.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Sharpening Stone Frequency of groundstone artifact type Sharpening Stone in a given stratum. A Sharpening Stone is a "stone with one or more V shaped grooves; grooves may cross each other; usually gritty texture for sanding" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Sharpening stones received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis as part of the special analysis for Abraders/Shaft Straigheners (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-9 -- 5-11 and associated form).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Shaft Straightener Frequency of groundstone artifact type Abrader/Shaft Straightener in a given stratum. An Abrader/Shaft Straightener is a "stone with one or more smooth, U shaped grooves; grooves are usually polished; surface lustrous, shiny" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Abraders/Shaft Straighteners received a Stage 3 Special Gourndstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-9 -- 5-11 and associated form).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Shrine Stone Frequency of groundstone artifact type Shrine Stone in a given stratum. A Shrine Stone is an "unmodified stone found in an unusual context or group; spheroidal weathered, or flow banded conglomerate" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Shrine stones received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Unmod. Stone w/ Pigment Frequency of groundstone artifact type Unmodified Stone with pigment in a given stratum. An unmodified stone with pigment is any stone with no evidence of deliberate human modification, but with identifiable pigment stains or traces of pigment on its surface (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Metate, Informal Frequency of groundstone artifact type Informal Metate in a given stratum. An Informal Metate is a "grinding slick; large flat area exhibits wear from grinding; no formal shape; no depth to depression (< 1 cm)" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Informal Metates received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis for metate use-wear (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-17 -- 5-18 and associated form for analysis details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Metate, Indeterminate Frequency of groundstone artifact type Indeterminate Metate in a given stratum. An Indeterminate Metate is "used for metate fragments, where further determination of artifact class is not possible" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Indeteminate Metates received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis for metate use-wear (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-17 -- 5-18 and associated form for analysis details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Metate, Full Trough Frequency of groundstone artifact type Full Trough Metate in a given stratum. A Full Trough Metate is a metate with a "definite ridge along both sides; both ends open; ground material removable from either end" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Full Trough Metates received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis for metate use-wear (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-17 -- 5-18 and associated form for analysis details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Metate, Basin Frequency of groundstone artifact type Basin Metate in a given stratum. A Basin Metate is a metate with "no definite ridges; shallow rounded depression in center; ground material removable from middle" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Basin Metates received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis for metate use-wear (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-17 -- 5-18 and associated form for analysis details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Mano Frequency of groundstone artifact type Mano in a given stratum. A Mano is a "hand stone; flattened ground surface; ends may be modified" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Baton Frequency of groundstone artifact type Baton in a given stratum. A Baton is an "elongated, tapered stone; slight wear on ends; highly smoothed and/or polished surface" A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Batons received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Axe Frequency of groundstone artifact type Axe in a given stratum. An Axe is a "blade is ground to a sharp edge; polished surface; rounded end, usually with a 3/4 groove; axe preforms" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Axes received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis for axes and mauls (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-12 -- 5-14 and associated form).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Architectural Stone Frequency of groundstone type Architectural Stone in a given stratum. Architectural Stones are "large slabs, modified by flaking and/or grinding ;outline varies; used as door lintels, roof opening covers, shaped wall stones" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Stone Ball Frequency of groundstone artifact type Stone Ball in a given stratum. A Stone Ball is a "spherical stone; intentionally ground and shaped; approximately fist sized" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Stone Balls received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Rubbing Stone Frequency of groundstone artifact type Rubbing Stone in a given stratum. A Rubbing Stone is a "biscuit shaped, or irregular rock (not polished, not a polishing roundstone)" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Rubbing Stones received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Pestle Frequency of groundstone artifact type Pestle in a given stratum. A Pestle is a "hand stone used with a mortar for crushing food, etc.; exhibits high degree of battering on one or both ends" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Pestles received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Metate, Slab Frequency of groundstone artifact type Slab Metate in a given stratum. A Slab Metate is a "large stone with small area(s) of light wear depressions; no formal shape; no depth to depressions (< 1 cm)" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Mortar Frequency of groundstone artifact type Mortar in a given stratum. A Mortar is a piece of groundstone with a "large round hole; deep depressions; used with mortar; no formal exterior shape, although stone may be rounded" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Anvil for Pottery Frequency of groundstone artifact type Anvil (for pottery) in a given stratum. An Anvil (for pottery) is a "round, thick biscuit shape; may have indentation in profile, rough surface" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Anvils for pottery received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Anvil for Lithics Frequency of groundstone artifact type Anvil (for lithics) in a given stratum. An Anvil (for lithics) is a "rock with small crushed, pecked depressions, scattered pockets; used for bipolar percussion" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Anvils for lithics received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
TOTAL The total number of groundstone artifacts (across all types and categories) in a given stratum at Schoolhouse Point Mound.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Indet. Grinding Implement Frequency of groundstone artifact category Indeteminate Grinding Implement in a given stratum. An Indeterminate Grinding Implement is designation "use[d] if groundstone, and no further definitions are possible due to fragmentary condition" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none

Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 690 to 1630


Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.029; min lat: 33.625 ; max long: -110.99; max lat: 33.664 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Contributor(s): Peter H. McCartney ; Arleyn W. Simon ; Ronna J. Bradley ; Judi L. Cameron ; J. Phil Dering ; Suzanne K. Fish ; Joel D. Irish ; Chris Loendorf ; Marcia H. Regan ; Christy G. Turner II ; Lisa Ipock

Principal Investigator(s): Glen E. Rice ; Charles Redman

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Repository(s): Center for Archaeology and Society, Arizona State University

Prepared By(s): Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University

Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office


Record Identifiers

Roosevelt Monograph Series(s): 6

Anthropological Field Studies(s): 35

Roosevelt Platform Mound Study, Complex(s): Pinto Creek

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 9-CS-32-06230

Roosevelt Platform Mound Study, Management Group(s): Schoolhouse

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
shmound_screened_groundstone.xls 42.00kb Dec 12, 2014 1:22:44 AM Public
Translated version shmound_screened_groundstone_translated.xls (52.50kb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America