Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno (Site Type Keyword)

Parent: Artifact Scatter

An enclosed space used to heat objects placed within its bounds. Includes earth ovens, oven pits, mud ovens, and bread ovens.

1-25 (736 Records)

A 10th Century Hohokam Camp Along New River. Archaeological Investigations at AZ T:8:86 (ASM), Peoria, Arizona (1999)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: system user

This report presents the results of archaeological investigations at AZ T:8:86 (ASM), a small Hohokam site located in the path of a proposed extension of 83rd Avenue in the City of Peoria. The project area is located in on Arizona State Trust Land, administered by the Arizona State Land Department (ASLD). The City of Peoria, on behalf of the Pivotal Group, applied to the ASLD for a 20 m (65 feet) wide right-of-way for the proposed extension (Application No. 16 104229). The archaeological work...


The 1986 Archaeological Investigations at Las Canopas, Phoenix, Arizona (1986)
DOCUMENT Full-Text John S. Cable. David E. Doyel.

This report will describe the results of archaeological salvage investigations at the prehistoric Hohokam site of Las Canopas, AZ T:12:16 (PGM), conducted by Pueblo Grande Museum between January 23 and February 28, 1986. Work at the site was initiated in response to notification made by a City of Phoenix, Engineering Department Inspector, Charley Marican, that prehistoric remains had been exposed in sewer line trenches at a construction site. Inspection of the museum site files indicated that...


3 Neighbors Arizona Site Steward File (2003)
DOCUMENT Full-Text E.A. Wood. Audrey Stevens. Judy Rounds. J.G. Wood. Scott Wood.

This is an Arizona Site Steward file for the Three Neighbors site, located on Tonto National Forest land. The site is comprised of Classic Period Hohokam residential compounds, petroglyphs, slag hornos, and artifact scatter. The file consists of four heritage inventory forms, multiple hand drawn site maps, four maps of the site location, an archaeological survey report form for isolated finds, a page of artifact sketches, and a black and white petroglyph photograph. The file contains two...


Additional Archaeological and Historical Research in the Tucson Presidio, Historic Block 181, Tucson, Pima County, Arizona (2008)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

Archaeological fieldwork was conducted on Block 181, in the historic heart of downtown Tucson, at various times between 2003 and 2006. Work took place before and during the stabilization and restoration of the historic Siqueiros-Jácome House, built in the 1860s and 1870s. Work was also conducted in the backyard of the house and beneath an adjacent parking lot, once the location of the Dodge Boarding House (circa 1898-1954). Hundreds of features were located. Noteworthy were several Early...


Additional Archaeological Testing at the UMOM Property in Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Todd W. Bostwick. Douglas R. Mitchell.

The UMOM Additional Testing Project is located in Phoenix. The UMOM development project is a multi-phased development project that began in 2009 and involves the acquisition of property, the demolition of existing buildings, and the construction of multi-family housing and associated amenities. The project is on private property, but has received federal funding from Housing and Urban Development (HUD), so the effects of this undertaking on cultural resources have been considered in order to...


Additional Cultural Resources Survey within the Fannin-McFarland and Tucson Aqueducts, Central Arizona Project Canal, Maricopa, Pinal, Pima Counties, Arizona (2017)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Douglas Mitchell. Peg Davis. Walter R. Punzmann. Lesley Rodriguez. Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd..

In February 2017, Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted a site relocation effort (Mitchell et al. 2017) of 117 sites that had not been evaluated for eligibility to the National Register of Historic Places (Register). Fifteen sites were not relocated at the plotted site location or within 200 meters around the site boundary within the Central Arizona Project (CAP) ROW. It was decided that additional survey would be beneficial to determine if these sites were misplotted and...


Ak-Chin Indian Community West Side Farms Data Recovery Project
PROJECT Cory Dale Breternitz. Robert E. Gasser. W. Bruce Masse. USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

This project examined the cultural resources of the western half of the Ak Chin Community's lands prior to intensive agricultural development using waters from the Central Arizona Project. The project's research design assumed that Ak Chin had been used as a floodwater farming location for many centuries. The problem domains and research questions focused on the physical {geomorphological), biological, and cultural subsystems within the Ak Chin ecosystem. The investigation also considered the...


Ancient Farmers of the Safford Basin: Archaeology of the U.S. 70 Safford-to-Thatcher Project (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

In March 1999, Desert Archaeology, Inc., was subcontracted by lnca Engineering to conduct archaeological testing along U.S. 70 between Safford and Thatcher at the behest of the Arizona Department of Transportation. Subsurface features associated with four prehistoric habitation sites (AZ CC:2:235, :289, :290, and :291 [ASM]), two prehistoric canal sites (AZ CC:2:296 and :297), and one late historic-period canal site (AZ CC:2:298) were identified. Except CC:2:291 that was removed from the project...


Ancient Farming Along the Salt River: Data Recovery at a 9th Century Field House Community (AZ T:12:395[ASM]) for the Coral Pointe Development in Phoenix, Arizona (2010)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Mark L. Chenault. Douglas R. Mitchell.

The City of Phoenix requested that archaeological work be conducted at the location of the proposed Coral Pointe Apartments Project in Phoenix. The Project is on private property but will receive federal funding so the effects of this undertaking on cultural resources must be considered to comply with section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. According to the City of Phoenix archaeological site files, several prehistoric canals cross the area of potential effect (APE). Although no...


Ancient Hohokam Communities in Southern Arizona: The Coyote Mountains Archaeological District in the Alter Valley (1990)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Allen Dart. James P. Holmlund. Henry D. Wallace.

The greater Coyote Mountains archaeological district identified in this volume is located at the north end of the Altar Valley of Arizona and includes an extensive and varied complex of archaeological sites and features. These cultural materials are believed to represent the remains of one or more large, early-to-late Classic period (A D . 1150-1450) communities focused on at least 10 walled compounds-open spaces enclosed by adobe or masonry walls--interpreted as residential areas. Associated...


Anthem at Merrill Ranch: Cultural Resources Inventory of the 3,260-Acre Parcel between Coolidge and Florence, Pinal County, Arizona (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Daniel K. Newsome.

Between October 20 and 23, 2004, archaeologists from EnviroSystems Management, Inc. (EnviroSystems) conducted a Class III cultural resources inventory of 1,568 acres of private land between Coolidge and Florence, Pinal County, Arizona. The 1,568 acres are part of a 3,260-acre parcel proposed for residential development (the remaining 1,692 acres were not examined during this project because 442 acres of the parcel were under cotton cultivation at the time of the inventory and the other 1,250...


An Archaeological Analysis of the Proposed Florence Water Treatment Plant (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text William S. Marmaduke. T. S. Hartzell.

In 1987, the Bureau of Reclamation directed Northland Research, Inc. to complete a Class I and III cultural resource literature search and survey for the proposed site of the Florence Water Treatment Plant and its associated delivery lines, an element of the Central Arizona Project located near the Salt-Gila Aqueduct. Three archaeological loci representing Hohokam use of the area were recorded in or near the project area. In order to evaluate the loci within the context of the intensive site...


An Archaeological Analysis of the Proposed Florence Water Treatment Plant (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text W. S. Marmaduke. T. S. Hartzell.

Northland Research, Inc. has conducted an archaeological impact analysis of the proposed site of the Florence Water Treatment Plant, and its two associated delivery lines. The plant will repose on three acres (1.2 hectares) of land south of the City of Florence, in Section 12, Township 5 South, Range 9 East (Figure One). In that place, the plant site is hard by the north bank of the Salt-Gila Aqueduct, where it runs along the high Pleistocene terrace overlooking Florence and the broad Gila River...


Archaeological and Geoarchaeological Investigations Along the Santa Cruz River Floodplain: The Pima County Plant Interconnect Project (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

This document summarizes the results of a phased archaeological data recovery program along a narrow pipeline corridor between the Pima County Regional Wastewater Reclamation Department’s existing Roger Road and Ina Road facilities. The work was conducted by Northland Research, Inc. prior to the installation of a new gravity-flow sewer line connecting the two wastewater facilities. Northland’s Pima County Plant Interconnect Project (PCPIP) investigated seven archaeological sites that have been...


An Archaeological Assessment of the Coronado to Goldfield 230kV Transmission Line (1991)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Lanita C. Van Nimwegen.

Northland Research, Inc. (Northland) has completed a Class III archaeological survey of portions of the Coronado to Goldfield 230kV transmission line located on Arizona State lands, USDI Bureau of Land Management (BLM) lands and Salt River Project (SRP) right-of-ways across privately held lands. Reconnaissance of state and private (patented) lands was completed on April 24 and 25 of 1991 under Permit Number 90-39, and BLM lands were surveyed on May 3, Under Permit Number AZ-000065. As a result...


Archaeological Clearance Report for Phase 2 Data Recovery at Sites on the Slate Creek Section, ADOT State Route 188 Project, Tonto Basin, Arizona (1994)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Bruce B. Huckell.

This report is to show that we have completed our Phase 2 data recovery investigations at five archaeological sites along the Slate Creek Section of SR 188, and to recommend that archaeological clearance be granted for the construction of this section of the road. The field work began on June 13 and terminated on July 28; a total of approximately 390 person days was expended. The Phase 2 data recovery accomplished at the Slate Creek Section sites was successful in producing the kinds of data...


Archaeological Data Recovery at a Portion of AZ AA:12:674(ASM), an Early Classic Period Site in Marana, Pima County, Arizona (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jennifer M. Levstik. Stephanie M. Whittlesey.

SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted archaeological testing (as Phase I data recovery) and Phase II data recovery at a small portion of a prehistoric site, AZ AA:12:674 (ASM), located in Marana, Pima County, Arizona. Archaeological data recovery was mandated under the Town of Marana’s ordinances protecting heritage resources. This report provides the methods and results of Phase I and II data recovery, the analysis of recovered materials, and our interpretations. Prior to fieldwork,...


Archaeological Data Recovery at a Small Portion of AZ EE:9:174 (ASM), a Prehistoric Habitation Site North of Nogales, Santa Cruz County, Arizona (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Deborah L. Swartz.

Archaeological data recovery was conducted at the eastern margin of a larger site, AZ EE:9:174 (ASM), by Desert Archaeology, Inc. Four pit structures and 11 extramural features were identified and excavated. No human remains were found. The structures were all structures-in-pits oriented toward the east and the Santa Cruz River. Results from this project were limited because only a small portion of the site was investigated. Ceramic analysis suggested this portion of the site was occupied during...


Archaeological Data Recovery at AZ EE:1:224, :225, And :226 (ASM), Rancho Sahuarita, Town of Sahuarita, Arizona (2000)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Gavin H. Archer.

Archaeological data recovery fieldwork at Rancho Sahuarita sites AZ EE: 1:224, 225, and 226 (ASM) was completed on May 3, 2000. The fieldwork and subsequent analysis followed the Archaeological Research Guidelines (ARG) approved by the Town of Sahuarita (WestLand Resources and SWCA 1998). The guidelines provide a culture history and research design, and field and analytic methods. Sites 224, 225, and 226 are three of a cluster of late pre-Classic Hohokam sites located along the west side of the...


Archaeological Data Recovery at Locus S of AZ U:15:46(ASM) Florence, Pinal County, Arizona (1994)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Scott Crownover. John Rapp.

Pursuant to a request from Mr. Robert Ewald of Arizona Public Service Company (APS), Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) undertook archaeological testing and subsequent data recovery investigations of a 1.4-acre parcel of state land near Florence, Pinal County, Arizona. The project is located within the confines of Locus S of AZ U:15:46(ASM), a prehistoric agricultural area and lithic scatter. The site had been determined eligible for the National Register of Historic Places during...


Archaeological Data Recovery at the Leake Site, Bartow County, Georgia (vol. 1) (2010)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Scot Keith.

Southern Research, Historic Preservation Consultants, Inc. conducted two archaeological data recovery excavations at the Leake site between 2004 and 2006. The first excavation, from November 2004 through September 2005, was carried out for the Georgia Department of Transportation (GDOT) to mitigate the adverse impacts to the site from the proposed widening of State Routes 61 and 113. A second smaller data recovery, carried out in December of 2006, was done for the Bartow County Water Department...


Archaeological Data Recovery at the Leake Site, Bartow County, Georgia (vol. 2 - Appendices) (2010)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Scot Keith.

Appendices for Leake site data recovery report


Archaeological Data Recovery at the Rohrig Substation, Queen Creek, Arizona (2006)
DOCUMENT Full-Text T. Kathleen Henderson.

The Southwest Germann site is among the largest of prehistoric Hohokam settlements in the Queen Creek area. The Rohrig Substation property is located at its southwestern edge and overlaps a previously unreported habitation locus. Archaeological testing (Phase 1 data recovery) at the substation documented the presence of adobe-walled rooms, puddling pits, and trash deposits that were probably contained within an adobe-walled compound on the easternmost side of the Rohrig property. Salt River...


Archaeological Data Recovery at the Sunset Mesa Ruin (AZ AA:12:10 ASM) (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Deborah L. Swartz. Jenny L. Adams.

Phase 1 Data Recovery was conducted at the Sunset Mesa Ruin, AZ AA:12:10 (ASM), to evaluate the archaeological resources that will be impacted by the gravel mining operations of Tucson Ready Mix, Inc. The information gathered from the excavated backhoe trenches, added to previous archaeological investigations at the site, has identified several loci where prehistoric and historic or modern features cluster. Two areas were also identified that may be cremation cemeteries. The historic features...


Archaeological Data Recovery at the Tortolita Vistas Site, AZ AA:12:271 (ASM): A Hohokam Fieldhouse in Marana, Pima County, Arizona (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Deborah Swartz.

Archaeological data recovery was conducted at the Tortolita Vistas site, AZ AA:12:271 (ASM), prior to construction of a housing development in Marana by Cottonwood Properties. This fieldhouse site is situated on the upper bajada of the Tortolita Mountains. A single pit structure and five extramural features were discovered and completely excavated: 2 roasting pits, 2 small extramural pits, and 1 trash concentration. No human remains were found. Ceramic analysis dates the site occupation to...