Archaeological Data Recovery at a Portion of AZ AA:12:674(ASM), an Early Classic Period Site in Marana, Pima County, Arizona


SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted archaeological testing (as Phase I data recovery) and Phase II data recovery at a small portion of a prehistoric site, AZ AA:12:674 (ASM), located in Marana, Pima County, Arizona. Archaeological data recovery was mandated under the Town of Marana’s ordinances protecting heritage resources. This report provides the methods and results of Phase I and II data recovery, the analysis of recovered materials, and our interpretations.

Prior to fieldwork, SWCA developed two historic properties treatment plans for the Town of Marana to enable our client to comply with the regulatory requirements involved in the project. The revised historic properties treatment plan (Ezzo 2008) provided a research design that focused on two themes—site chronology and site function— and outlined field and laboratory procedures, report protocols, and acceptable levels of efforts for Phase I and II data recovery.

Phase I data recovery took place from January 11-22, 2008, and was summarized in a letter report (Euler 2008). Nine features were identified during this work: two pit structures, two possible pit structures, a feature identified as a pit structure or a midden, one roasting pit, and three extramural pits. Phase II data recovery was undertaken from February 28 through March 25, 2008. Investigations were conducted at two study areas, labeled Loci A and B. Twenty-seven cultural features were identified during Phase II, of which six proved to be natural in origin. We excavated completely or sampled 19 features; eight were not excavated. In the end, SWCA identified 21 cultural features: nine pits, three ash pits, five roasting pits, one pit structure, one probable activity surface, one midden deposit, and one cremation.

This report consists of nine chapters. Following this introduction, Chapter 2 presents field methods and results, including feature descriptions, for Phases I and II. Analyses of various material types recovered during Phase II data recovery are presented in Chapters 3 (ceramics), 4 (flaked stone and ground stone artifacts), 5 (faunal remains), 6 (shell artifacts), and 7 (pollen and macrobotanical). Chapter 8 provides the chronometric data and other pertinent chronological information. Chapter 9 synthesizes the results and presents an interpretation of the site in light of Tucson Basin prehistory and the historic contexts developed in the research design.

Cite this Record

Archaeological Data Recovery at a Portion of AZ AA:12:674(ASM), an Early Classic Period Site in Marana, Pima County, Arizona, 429. Jennifer M. Levstik, Stephanie M. Whittlesey. 2009 ( tDAR id: 446068) ; doi:10.48512/XCV8446068

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Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.171; min lat: 32.407 ; max long: -111.09; max lat: 32.461 ;

Record Identifiers

SWCA Project No. (s): 13697

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08-429_OCR_PDFA_Redacted.pdf 71.53mb Feb 22, 2021 12:37:44 PM Public
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08-429_OCR_PDFA.pdf 11.62mb Jun 1, 2009 May 22, 2018 12:18:31 PM Confidential
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