Preclassic Period (Temporal Keyword)

1-25 (90 Records)

An Addendum Class III Cultural Resources Survey and Treatment Plan for the Papago Road Extension of the San Xavier Farm Extension Project , San Xavier District Tohono O’odham Nation, Pima County, Arizona (2018)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Thomas Jones. Andrea Gregory. Lourdes Aguila. Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd..

In accordance with the provisions of the 2004 Arizona Water Settlement Act, the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) is assisting the Tohono O’odham Nation’s (Nation) San Xavier District’s (District) Farm Cooperative (CoOp) in developing new farm land along both sides of Interstate 19 (I-19), south of the existing CoOp fields. Previous investigations in the area included a survey in the mid-1980s by Cultural and Environmental Systems (Heuett 1987a), and survey and testing completed by...


Additional Cultural Resources Survey within the Fannin-McFarland and Tucson Aqueducts, Central Arizona Project Canal, Maricopa, Pinal, Pima Counties, Arizona (2017)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Douglas Mitchell. Peg Davis. Walter R. Punzmann. Lesley Rodriguez. Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd..

In February 2017, Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted a site relocation effort (Mitchell et al. 2017) of 117 sites that had not been evaluated for eligibility to the National Register of Historic Places (Register). Fifteen sites were not relocated at the plotted site location or within 200 meters around the site boundary within the Central Arizona Project (CAP) ROW. It was decided that additional survey would be beneficial to determine if these sites were misplotted and...


AR-03-12-03-197 Arizona Site Steward File (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Joseph S. Crary.

This is an Arizona Site Steward file for the sites AR-03-12-03-197, AR-03-12-03-198, AR-03-12-03-199, AR-03-12-03-200, and AR-03-12-03-227, located on Tonto National Forest land. These Hohokam sites include multiple rock shelters, a pit house village, bedrock grinding features, a field site, terraces, and checkdams. Sites may represent both Hohokam pot and gravity irrigation systems. The file consists of five heritage inventory forms and five preliminary inventory forms. The earliest dated...


Archaeological Burial Recovery at the Morocco Ruin in Goodyear, Maricopa County, Arizona (2006)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Douglas Mitchell.

This report presents the results of archaeological excavation of a Hohokam cemetery that was discovered during archaeological testing in advance of a proposed residential development in Goodyear, Arizona. The project proponent, Sonterra Partners, is planning to develop approximately 800 acres of private land in Goodyear, Arizona for single-family housing. Previous surveys had identified numerous surface artifacts within the documented boundary of two large prehistoric Hohokam sites, the Morocco...


Archaeological Data Recovery at a Portion of AZ AA:12:674(ASM), an Early Classic Period Site in Marana, Pima County, Arizona (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jennifer M. Levstik. Stephanie M. Whittlesey.

SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted archaeological testing (as Phase I data recovery) and Phase II data recovery at a small portion of a prehistoric site, AZ AA:12:674 (ASM), located in Marana, Pima County, Arizona. Archaeological data recovery was mandated under the Town of Marana’s ordinances protecting heritage resources. This report provides the methods and results of Phase I and II data recovery, the analysis of recovered materials, and our interpretations. Prior to fieldwork,...


Archaeological Data Recovery at AZ EE:1:224, :225, And :226 (ASM), Rancho Sahuarita, Town of Sahuarita, Arizona (2000)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Gavin H. Archer.

Archaeological data recovery fieldwork at Rancho Sahuarita sites AZ EE: 1:224, 225, and 226 (ASM) was completed on May 3, 2000. The fieldwork and subsequent analysis followed the Archaeological Research Guidelines (ARG) approved by the Town of Sahuarita (WestLand Resources and SWCA 1998). The guidelines provide a culture history and research design, and field and analytic methods. Sites 224, 225, and 226 are three of a cluster of late pre-Classic Hohokam sites located along the west side of the...


Archaeological Data Recovery in a Portion of AZ U:9:67 (ASM)-La Lomita: The Escala Central City Project (2006)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Michael S Foster. Chris North. Gary Huckleberry.

The Escala Central City LP (Escala) is proposing the construction of a multi-structure apartment complex (apartments, clubhouse, swimming pool, associated recreational facilities, and parking) in the heart of urban Phoenix. A review of the project by the City of Phoenix Archaeologist, as part of the City’s permitting process, determined that a portion of the project area included prehistoric Hohokam site AZ U:9:67 (ASM)—La Lomita, which is eligible for listing on the National Register of...


Archaeological Investigations at AZ EE:1:141 (ASM), Rancho Sahuarita, Town of Sahuarita, Arizona (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text S. Jerome Hesse.

Archaeological investigations were conducted at AZ EE: 1:141 (ASM) (Site 141), one of several Hohokam sites in and near the Rancho Sahuarita Block Plat, in January 2003. The site was a Rincon phase habitation site with pit houses, mortuary, extramural storage, and other remains. A total of 16 features were identified. Located just east of the Santa Cruz River floodplain, the site was probably a farmstead, which was part of a larger, dispersed settlement. The testing and data recovery operations...


Archaeological Investigations at Nine Sites in the Madera Highlands Development, Pima County, Arizona (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jerry D. Lyon.

Between March 27 and June 1, 2001, SWCA Environmental Consultants conducted archaeological investigations at nine archaeological sites on the 920-acre Madera Highlands property owned by Harvard Investments. The property encompasses lower bajada ridges and upper river terraces on the east side of the Santa Cruz River near the towns of Continental and Green Valley, Pima County, Arizona. The SWCA's excavations at Madera Highlands involved testing and data recovery at nine ridgetop sites in the...


Archaeological Investigations at the Las Canopas Site, AZ T:12:137(ASM), City of Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: system user

Esteban Group LLC is proposing to develop an apartment complex on privately owned land just south of Esteban Park. In accordance with the archaeological stipulations within the City of Phoenix’s zoning ordinance, Chapter 8, Section 802(B), it is the City’s policy to assist with the preservation of archaeological and historic resources within developments where appropriate. Arizona Revised Statute § 41-865 states that it is unlawful for persons to disturb human burials and associated grave goods...


Archaeological Investigations at the Tanque Verde Wash Site, A Middle Rincon Settlement in the Eastern Tucson Basin (1986)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Mark D. Elson.

Excavations by the Institute for American Research at the Tanque Verde Wash site (AZ BB: 13:68 [ASM]) uncovered a nearly complete segment of a single component Middle Rincon subphase (A.D. 1000-1100) hamlet. The site was located along Tanque Verde Wash, the largest permanent drainage within the eastern Tucson Basin. Nineteen pithouses, three trash mounds, and 66 extramural features were recovered within a 2500 square meter area, The excavation methodology, which involved the complete excavation...


Archaeological Investigations in the Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport: A Class I and II Survey for the Master Plan Improvements Project (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text David H. Greenwald. M. Zyniecki.

This report presents the results of archival and archaeological document studies and archaeological testing for the Sky Harbor International Airport Master Plan Improvements project. Investigations were initiated on April 9, 1992, and completed on May 15, 1992, by SWCA, Inc. Environmental Consultants, under contract to Griener, Inc. Griener was under contract to the City of Phoenix Aviation Department to complete an environmental impact statement for expansion of airport facilities. The Federal...


Archaeological Investigations of Portions of AZ T:16:19 (ASM) Within the Maricopa Meadows Subdivision, Maricopa, Pinal County, Arizona (2003)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Michael S. Foster. Chris D. North. Douglas R. Mitchell.

This report discusses the results of archaeological testing at AZ T:16:19 (ASM) by SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA). Previous archaeological survey in the area of a proposed residential development identified prehistoric Hohokam artifacts, more recent O’odham sherds, and a few Euroamerican artifacts that were collectively grouped into site AZ T:16:19 (ASM). Miller Holdings, Inc. (Miller Holdings) of Scottsdale, Arizona requested that SWCA conduct archaeological testing to determine if the...


Archaeological Monitoring and Surface Collection at Two Sites in Tonto Natural Bridge State Park, Gila County, Arizona (1991)
DOCUMENT Full-Text JoAnn E. Kisselburg. Kim Adams. Walter Punzmann. Barbara S. Macnider.

Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) monitored blading and trenching activities in the Tonto Natural Bridge State Park. The monitoring, which included surface artifact collection, was conducted to mitigate the impacts to cultural resources by the construction of a parking lot and the installation of underground utility lines. The work was completed under archaeological permit 91-18 issued by the Arizona state Museum. This survey identified a moderately dense lithic scatter in the...


Archaeological Monitoring at West Portland Street, Maricopa County, Arizona (2002)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Cynthia L. Keller. Douglas Mitchell.

This report presents the results of archaeological monitoring of a project off West Portland Street. The monitoring was conducted at the request of the City of Phoenix Neighborhood Services Department under an on-call archaeological services contract between the City and SWCA, Inc. (Contract no. 101005). The project was assigned project number PGM 2002-11 by the City of Phoenix Archaeology Section. Archaeological monitoring was conducted during auguring and hand excavations at the site....


Archaeological Phase I and Phase II Data Recovery at Portions of AZ U:10:60 (ASM)-The In-Between Site-Williams Gateway Airport, Maricopa County, Arizona (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Michael S. Foster.

Under contract to the Williams Gateway Airport Authority, SWCA Environmental Consultants conducted Phase I and Phase II data recovery at AZ U:10:60(ASM)—the In-Between Site. The site is thought to represent a plant food procurement and process locus on the Queen Creek Delta. AZ U:10:60 (ASM) has been the subject of extensive archaeological testing and data recovery. A total of 4440 m of trenches have been excavated at the site resulting in the identification of 13 features, including 2 possible...


Archaeological Survey and Testing Plan for the City of Phoenix Sixty-Seventh Avenue Water Transmission Main, Broadway to Baseline Roads, Maricopa County, Arizona (2003)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Tiffany C. Clark.

This report documents the results of an archaeological survey completed by Desert Archaeology, Inc. along a newly realigned portion of the City of Phoenix Sixty-seventh Avenue Water Transmission Main (WS85500147) in southwestern Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona. The work was requested by the Water Services Division of the City of Phoenix Street Transportation Department to determine whether any significant cultural remains are present within the redesigned portion of the water main route....


Archaeological Survey and Treatment Plan for the Installation of Utility Poles within the Hog Farm Ball Court Site, AZ AA:11:12(ASM), near Marana, Pima County, Arizona (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text David M.R. Barr. Stephanie M. Whittlesey.

Trico Electric Cooperative, Inc. (Trico), proposes to rebuild portions of Circuits 12 and 18, which originate at the Marana Substation. The proposed circuit-rebuilding project will be funded in part by U.S. Department of Agriculture Rural Utilities Services (RUS) and will include rebuilding a portion of Circuit 12 that measures approximately 1,086 feet (0.2 mile or 0.32 km) long and a portion of Circuit 18 that measures approximately 4,113 feet (0.8 mile or 1.29 km) long. The rebuilding of...


Archaeological Survey in Catalina State Park with a Focus on the Romero Ruin (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Mark D. Elson. William H. Doelle.

Catalina State Park is situated approximately 22 km (14 miles) north of Tucson, Arizona. Within this beautiful and pristine desert area lie a large number of relatively undisturbed archaeological sites. The park has witnessed a long and varied history. Sometime after 5000 B.C. Archaic period hunters and gatherers first roamed through the park area in their search for game and edible plants. During the following Hohokam period the park area was intensively occupied. A wide range of sites are...


An Archaeological Survey in the Blackwater Area, Volume 2: Site Descriptions and Related Data (1994)
DOCUMENT Full-Text David A. Gregory. Diane L. Douglas.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), United States Department of the Interior, was in the initial stages of the Water Management Project designed to bring Central Arizona Project water to the Gila River Indian Community (GRIC). Under terms of a contract signed in 1992 with the GRIC, facilities designed and constructed by Reclamation would deliver 173,000 acre-feet of water annually onto the reservation. Federal law mandates consideration of potential impacts of such projects upon cultural...


An Archaeological Survey of 780 Acres for the Proposed Bridges at Maricopa, Maricopa, Pinal County, Arizona (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Michael S. Foster. Cara Bellavia.

This survey resulted in the recording of two archaeological sites, AZ T:16:156 (ASM) and AZ T:16:157 (ASM), and 13 isolated artifacts. AZ T:16:156 (ASM) is a late historic period/modern trash dump. The earliest identifiable material dates to the 1940s. AZ T:16:157 (ASM) is a large artifact scatter located along the western edge of the project area in undisturbed (agriculturally) desert. The site encompasses nearly 160 ac (647,490 m2). Despite its size, artifacts are sparse and consist mainly of...


Archaeological Testing and Data Recovery of Burials at Lombeye Ruin, AZ T:12:109 (ASM) in South Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona (2003)
DOCUMENT Full-Text John M. Lindly.

This report presents the results of an archaeological testing and burial recovery program for four features located in approximately 142 acres of land in south Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona. The research was conducted at the request of John S. Poulsen of Providence Development, Inc., Arizona, prior to the development or the land for proposed residential use. Four features designated human burials were recorded during testing of this parcel by Northland Research, Inc in December 2002 and...


Archaeological Testing at Site AZ U:9:148 (ASM), Mesa, Maricopa County, Arizona (1996)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Douglas R. Mitchell. Joseph S. Crary.

Archaeological testing was conducted at the Sunset Colony residential development parcel in Mesa, Arizona. Test trenches were excavated to identify the presence and distribution of subsurface features Nine prehistoric features were identified and a site number was assigned to this area. AZ U:9:148 (ASM) The features included 2 pits and 7 irrigation features. One of the irrigation features, a canal, max represent an extension of canal alignments that were documented in the early part of this...


Archaeological Testing at the Massera Ruin: The Meridian Ranch Project, Queen Creek, Arizona (2000)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Chris T. Wenker. Douglas R. Mitchell. Thomas N. Motsinger.

This report describes the results of an archaeological testing project at the Massera Ruin (Site AZ U:10:22 [ASM]) in Queen Creek, Arizona. The testing project was conducted at the request of Willis Property Company, L.C., of Mesa, Arizona, who proposes to construct a residential development on the 640-acre project parcel known as the Meridian Ranch. Previous survey data (Wenker 1999) indicated that the Massera Ruin overlapped a 399-acre portion of the Meridian Ranch, but this entire area had...


Archaeological Testing at the Morocco Ruin and in a Portion of the Alkali Ruin on the Lakin Property in Goodyear, Maricopa County, Arizona (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Michael S. Foster. Ronald F. Ryden. Chris North. John M. Lindly. Cara Bellavia. Gary Huckleberry.

This document presents the results of archaeological testing prior to a proposed residential development in Goodyear, Arizona. The project proponent, Sonterra Partners, is planning to develop approximately 800 acres of private land in Goodyear, Arizona for single-family housing. Numerous surface artifacts were identified within the documented boundary of two previously identified large prehistoric Hohokam sites—Alkali Ruin (AZ T:11:24 [ASM]) and the Morocco Ruin (AZ T:11:106 [ASM]) (North...