An Archaeological Survey in the Blackwater Area, Volume 2: Site Descriptions and Related Data

Author(s): David A. Gregory; Diane L. Douglas

Year: 1994


The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), United States Department of the Interior, was in the initial stages of the Water Management Project designed to bring Central Arizona Project water to the Gila River Indian Community (GRIC). Under terms of a contract signed in 1992 with the GRIC, facilities designed and constructed by Reclamation would deliver 173,000 acre-feet of water annually onto the reservation. Federal law mandates consideration of potential impacts of such projects upon cultural resources and requires that necessary and appropriate steps be taken to mitigate those impacts. In accordance with these laws, Reclamation did a complete inventory of all cultural resources that may fall within the project area.

Data resulting from this inventory provided the basis for assessment of the significance of the resources and for the design of plans to mitigate potential impacts to them. Two survey areas in which a water delivery system and associated features (such as dikes) will be constructed were identified by Reclamation. Broad survey areas were defined so the location of eligible sites would be known before specific project design began.

In total, 180 sites were identified and recorded during survey. These sites include possible Archaic period materials, a wide range of prehistoric Hohokam site types representing all periods of the Hohokam sequence, possible Protohistoric manifestations, and numerous Historic Pima sites of varying ages. The report consists of two volumes. Volume 1 contains background information; consideration of survey and recording methods; analyses, evaluation, and interpretation of collected data; and recommendations for future treatment of discovered sites. Volume 2 contains site descriptions.

Cite this Record

An Archaeological Survey in the Blackwater Area, Volume 2: Site Descriptions and Related Data. David A. Gregory, Diane L. Douglas. Cultural Resources Report ,86. Tempe, AZ: Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. 1994 ( tDAR id: 405416) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8Q52RH5


Archaic Euroamerican Historic Historic Native American Hohokam Papago Pima Pimos Sobaipuri

Adobe Amber Glass Andesite Aqua Glass Barbed Wire Basalt Black Glass Black Volcanic Rock Blue Glass Brass Brick Brown Chert Brown Glass Brownware Buffware Building Materials Cañada del Oro Red-on-Buffware Casa Grande Red-on-Buffware Cast Iron Cement Ceramic Chalcedony Chert China Chipped Stone Show More

Site Name
AZ U:14:116 (ASM) AZ U:14:117 (ASM) AZ U:14:118 (ASM) AZ U:14:119 (ASM) AZ U:14:120 (ASM) AZ U:14:121 (ASM) AZ U:14:122 (ASM) AZ U:14:123 (ASM) AZ U:14:124 (ASM) AZ U:14:125 (ASM) AZ U:14:126 (ASM) AZ U:14:127 (ASM) AZ U:14:128 (ASM) AZ U:14:129 (ASM) AZ U:14:130 (ASM) AZ U:14:131 (ASM) AZ U:14:132 (ASM) AZ U:14:133 (ASM) AZ U:14:134 (ASM) AZ U:14:135 (ASM) AZ U:14:136 (ASM) AZ U:14:137 (ASM) AZ U:14:138 (ASM) AZ U:14:139 (ASM) AZ U:14:140 (ASM) Show More

Site Type
Adobe Barn Adobe House Adobe Room Adobe Structure Agricultural Field or Field Feature Agricultural or Herding Ancient Structure Apache Tear Cluster Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Ash Stain Ball Court Barn Bedrock Grinding Feature Bedrock Mortar Brick Wall Bungalow Canal Canal or Canal Feature Canal-Related Facility Catchment Basin Chapel Church Circular Rock Alignment Cobble Cluster Show More

Investigation Types
Systematic Survey

10-Penny Nail Andesite Flake Apache Tear Arizona Eastern Railroad Company ASC Automobile Hood Awl Ax Ball Barbed Wire Basalt Core Basalt Flake Basalt Hammerstone Basalt Mano Basalt Medicine Stone Basalt Projectile Point Bead Bedspring Beer Bottle Biface Bimetal Can Bone (Animal) Bone (Artiodactyl) Bone (Human) Bone Awl Show More

Geographic Keywords
Arizona (State / Territory) Blackwater Lateral Cholla Mountain Gila River Gila River Indian Reservation Granite Knob Little Gila River McClellan Wash Olberg Butte Pinal (County)

Temporal Keywords
19th Century 20th Century Archaic Period Ceramic Period Civano Phase Classic Period Colonial Period El Polveron Phase Estrella Phase Gila Butte Phase Historic Pioneer Period Preclassic Period Prehistoric Protohistoric Sacaton Phase Sedentary Period Snaketown Phase Soho Phase Sweetwater Phase

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.618; min lat: 32.923 ; max long: -111.425; max lat: 33.111 ;

Record Identifiers

Delivery Order No.(s): 3-PD-32-0182-011 and -013

Contract No.(s): 1425-2-C5-32-01820

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
CCRS-1994-011-An-Archaeological-Survey-in-the-Blackwater-Area-... 136.49mb Jan 25, 1994 May 20, 2016 11:05:01 AM Confidential
This file is unredacted.

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office