Agricultural Field or Field Feature (Site Type Keyword)

Parent: Agricultural or Herding

An area of land, often enclosed, used for cultivation. Fields are not necessarily formally bounded, and may be identifiable based on diagnostic features such as boundary markers or raised beds.

1-25 (321 Records)

Aboriginal Adaptations on the Colorado Plateau: A View From the Island-in-the-Sky, Canyonlands National Park, Utah (1995)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Alan J. Osborn. Jesslyn Brown. Galen Burgett. Linda Scott Cummings. Ralph J. Hartley. Susan Vetter. Jennifer Waters. Tony Zalucha.

This final report documents the results of archeological inventory, excavation, and analysis of prehistoric cultural resources within a 45-kilometer (28-mile) long corridor in the Island-in-the-Sky District of Canyonlands National Park, Utah. During three field seasons of survey, mapping, and excavation in 1983-1985, the research team recorded 32 artifact scatters, plotted 90,000 prehistoric artifacts and 250 historic items, completed 600 one-square-meter test pits, and conducted 10 block...


An Analysis of Pollen from Eighteen Soil Samples Recovered From the Upper Garden Area (44FX762/43) at George Washington's Mount Vernon, Mount Vernon, Virginia (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Susan Jacobucci.

Eighteen soil samples from Feature 44FX762/43 (the Upper Garden Area) at George Washington's Mount Vernon Estate and Gardens in Virginia were submitted to the Fiske Center for palynological analysis in order to aid archaeologists in their reconstruction of this historic garden. While some samples were not suitable for environmental reconstruction due to poor preservation, many economic and ornamental taxa were recovered, as well as a full spectrum of ambient pollen rain. The presence of such...


An Analysis of Pollen from Thomas Jefferson's Poplar Forest: the South Profile of the Gully Located within Site B (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Susan Jacobucci.

Nineteen soil samples from Site B, an early nineteenth-century site located in Thomas Jefferson's Poplar Forest (Virginia) were submitted to the Fiske Center for palynological analysis. Over 100 distinct taxa were recovered from the eleven samples that were considered to be well preserved enough to allow for a representative reconstruction of past environmental conditions. When viewed collectively, the recovered taxa describe a landscape consisting of both managed ornamental grounds and areas of...


Appraisal of the Archeological Resources of Orwell Reservoir, Otter Tail County Minnesota (1948)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Richard P. Wheeler.

The investigation of the archeological resources of the Orwell Reservoir was made by the River Basin Surveys, Smithsonian Institution, in October1948. The District Engineer's Office, Corps of Engineers, at St. Paul, provided maps to facilitate the work, and local residents were consulted. The purpose of the survey was to discover the extent of any archeological remains in the area to be flooded by the dam and to determine whether there are sites of major importance in this area that should be...


AR-03-12-03-197 Arizona Site Steward File (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Joseph S. Crary.

This is an Arizona Site Steward file for the sites AR-03-12-03-197, AR-03-12-03-198, AR-03-12-03-199, AR-03-12-03-200, and AR-03-12-03-227, located on Tonto National Forest land. These Hohokam sites include multiple rock shelters, a pit house village, bedrock grinding features, a field site, terraces, and checkdams. Sites may represent both Hohokam pot and gravity irrigation systems. The file consists of five heritage inventory forms and five preliminary inventory forms. The earliest dated...


Archaeological Assessment of a Parcel Proposed for Agricultural Development on the Fort McDowell Indian Reservation Maricopa County, Arizona: Report (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kim Adams.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) partnered with the Fort McDowell Indian Community (FMIC) on the FMIC Irrigated Farmland Development Project to develop new agricultural fields in accordance with the stipulations set forth in the Fort McDowell Indian Community Water Rights Settlement Act (Public Law 101-628). At the request of Reclamation, Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted a cultural resource survey of 200 acres on the Fort McDowell Indian Reservation. The survey...


Archaeological Evalution of 38JA175 on the Telfair Plantation Tract (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Jonathan Leader

"Brockington and Associates, Inc., undertook testing investigations at 38JA175 on the Telfair Plantation Tract in February 2005. We recommend site 38JA175 eligible for the NRHP. This work was undertaken in order to provide compliance with current state and federal regulations regarding the management of cultural resources in the coastal zone of South Carolina. Compliance is administered by the regulatory programs of the South Carolina Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management. If this site...


Archaeological Investigations for the Fort McDowell Road Improvement Project
PROJECT USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) assisted the Fort McDowell Indian Community (FMIC) with cultural resource investigations in advance of widening and realigning portions of Fort McDowell Road (also known as Mustang Way). These improvements were required to facilitate increased road use associated with the construction and operation of the Fort McDowell Indian Community Irrigated Farmland Development Project. This project presents the results of these undertakings.


An Archaeological Overview of the Middle Santa Cruz Basin: A Supplemental Class I Cultural Resource Survey for Reach 3 of the Central Arizona Project - Tucson Division (1981)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Carol Heathington McCarthy. Earl Sires.

In 1979 the Bureau of Reclamation contracted with the Arizona State Museum for a Class I survey of the Tucson Division of the Central Arizona Project (Westfall 1979). This study covered Reaches 1 and 2 and included Arizona archaeological grid units AA:3, AA:7, AA:8, AA:12, AA:16, and BB:9. Subsequently planning was initiated for a possible Reach 3. The possible extension of the project into three additional grids (AZ BB:13, AZ DD:4, and AZ EE:1) required further archaeological study. This report...


An Archaeological Sample Survey of the Middle Santa Cruz River Basin, Picacho Reservoir to Tucson, Arizona: A Class II Survey of the Proposed Tucson Aqueduct Phase A, Central Arizona Project (1982)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Carol Heathington McCarthy.

This report presents the results of the Class II (sample) survey of the Tucson Division of the Central Arizona Project. The survey was designed to test the predictive model developed as a part of the Class I (overview) survey of the project area (Westfall 1979). Statistical tests using the survey data show that the model was not particularly successful in predicting the location of cultural resources within the survey area and that it definitely underestimated the archaeological sensitivity of...


Archaeological Site Examination of the Field East of the Grapery/Greenhouse, Drive Circle, Straight Walk, and South Lawn at Gore Place, Waltham, Massachusetts (2010)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Leith Smith. Christa Beranek. John Steinberg.

A landscape restoration plan for the 45-acre historic estate of Massachusetts governor and United States senator, Christopher Gore and his wife Rebecca, recommended archaeological investigations to identify the location, character, and integrity of Gore-period features that could potentially be included in restoration efforts. Investigations began in 2004, focusing on better known landscape elements including the carriage drive, carriage house foundation, greenhouse, vegetable and flower...


Archaeological Survey and Assessment for the Fort McDowell Indian Community Irrigated Farmland Development Project
PROJECT USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Ofice.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) partnered with the Fort McDowell Indian Community (FMIC) on the FMIC Irrigated Farmland Development Project to develop new agricultural fields in accordance with the stipulations set forth in the Fort McDowell Indian Community Water Rights Settlement Act (Public Law 101-628). At the request of Reclamation, Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted two surveys on proposed agricultural parcels for the FMIC Irrigated Farm Development Project in...


Archaeological Survey and Investigations Along Reach 10, Granite Reef Aqueduct, Central Arizona Project, Maricopa County, Arizona
PROJECT USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office. Donald E. Weaver, Jr.. Patricia E. Brown.

Under contract with the Bureau of Reclamation, the Office of Cultural Resource Management (OCRM), Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University, completed an archaeological survey of three discontinuous segments of the Granite Reef Aqueduct route within Reach 10, which had been realigned since the initial archaeological surveys (Dittert, Fish and Simonis 1969; Kemrer, Schultz and Dodge 1972). Reach 10 of the Granite Reef Aqueduct extends about 15 miles from New River on the west to the...


Archaeological Survey and Investigations Along Reach 9, Granite Reef Aqueduct, Central Arizona Project, Maricopa County, Arizona
PROJECT USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

Under contract with the Bureau of Reclamation, the Office of Cultural Resource Management (OCRM), Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University, completed an archaeological survey of the Reach 9 realignment, a detention basin, a waste disposal area, and associated access roads. Reach 9 of the Granite Reef Aqueduct extends about 11 miles from U.S. 60 to the New River on the east. Following the initial realignment survey, OCRM archaeologists conducted archaeological investigations at six...


Archaeological Survey in Catalina State Park with a Focus on the Romero Ruin (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Mark D. Elson. William H. Doelle.

Catalina State Park is situated approximately 22 km (14 miles) north of Tucson, Arizona. Within this beautiful and pristine desert area lie a large number of relatively undisturbed archaeological sites. The park has witnessed a long and varied history. Sometime after 5000 B.C. Archaic period hunters and gatherers first roamed through the park area in their search for game and edible plants. During the following Hohokam period the park area was intensively occupied. A wide range of sites are...


Archaeological Survey in Districts 6 and 7, Gila River Indian Community (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Claudine Gravel-Miguel

Archaeological Consulting Services,Ltd. (ACS) conducted archaeological investigations on the Gila River Indian Community in 1995 and 1996. More than 10,000 acres were in the project area, and 85 sites were recorded. Because the area had been used for agriculture, much land had been plowed. Volume 1 provides an overall picture of the project including the culture history and previous research done in the Middle Gila River Valley, followed by a description of our research orientation, and the...


An Archaeological Survey in the Blackwater Area, Volume 2: Site Descriptions and Related Data (1994)
DOCUMENT Full-Text David A. Gregory. Diane L. Douglas.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), United States Department of the Interior, was in the initial stages of the Water Management Project designed to bring Central Arizona Project water to the Gila River Indian Community (GRIC). Under terms of a contract signed in 1992 with the GRIC, facilities designed and constructed by Reclamation would deliver 173,000 acre-feet of water annually onto the reservation. Federal law mandates consideration of potential impacts of such projects upon cultural...


Archaeological Survey of Five Parcels Around Roosevelt Lake
PROJECT USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted an intensive Class III survey of five parcels located around Roosevelt Lake in the Tonto Basin Ranger District, Tonto National Forest. The project was conducted at the request of the Arizona Project Office, Bureau of Reclamation (BOR) to identify and evaluate all cultural properties that might be impacted by planned construction activities in these parcels.


An Archaeological Survey of the Reach 10 Realignment of the Granite Reef Aqueduct, Central Arizona Project (1976)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Patricia E. Brown.

Under contract with the Bureau of Reclamation, the Office of Cultural Resource Management (OCRM), Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University, completed an archaeological survey of three discontinuous segments of the Granite Reef Aqueduct route within Reach 10, which had been realigned since the initial archaeological surveys (Dittert, Fish and Simonis 1969; Kemrer, Schultz and Dodge 1972). Reach 10 of the Granite Reef Aqueduct extends about 15 miles from New River on the west to the...


An Archaeological Survey of the Reach 9 Realignment, Granite Reef Aqueduct, Central Arizona Project, Maricopa County, Arizona (1977)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Patricia E. Brown.

Under contract with the Bureau of Reclamation, the Office of Cultural Resource Management, Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University, completed an archaeological survey of areas within Reach 9 of the Granite Reef Aqueduct, Central Arizona Project. The survey area encompassed approximately 728 hectares (1800 acres) on the northwest margin of the Salt River Valley just west of the Agua Fria River. Reach 9 is located about 48 km (30 mi) northwest of Phoenix and runs east from U.S....


Archaeological Survey of the Salt River and Windy Hill Parcels Around Roosevelt Lake, Tonto Basin Ranger District, Tonto National Forest, Gila County, Arizona (1992)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Robert B. Neily.

Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted an intensive Class III survey of five parcels located around Roosevelt Lake in the Tonto Basin Ranger District, Tonto National Forest. The project was conducted at the request of the Arizona Project Office, Bureau of Reclamation (BOR) to identify and evaluate all cultural properties that might be impacted by planned construction activities in these parcels. This report presents the results of the survey of the Salt River and the Windy Hill...


Archaeological Survey of the Schoolhouse Point, Cottonwood Wash, and Indian Point Parcels Around Roosevelt Lake, Tonto Basin Ranger District, Tonto National Forest, Gila County, Arizona (1992)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Robert B. Neily.

Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted an intensive Class III survey of five parcels located around Roosevelt Lake in the Tonto Basin Ranger District, Tonto National Forest. The project was conducted at the request of the Arizona Project Office, Bureau of Reclamation (BOR) to identify and evaluate all cultural properties that might be impacted by planned construction activities in these parcels. This report presents the results of the survey of the Schoolhouse Point, Cottonwood...


Archaeological Testing At Gateway Lot 4, Kitchell Development Company Property, 44th Street And Gateway Boulevard, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona -- DRAFT REPORT (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Banks L. Leonard.

On April 17 and 18, 1997, personnel from Soil Systems, Inc. (SSI) completed archaeological test excavations on a 3.8 acre parcel, Gateway Lot 4, scheduled for commercial development. Based on previous research, the parcel was believed to lie near the northwest edge of the large Hohokam site of Pueblo Grande (AZ U:9:1[ASM], see Bostwick 1993-4; Breternitz 1994; Kwiatkowski 1996). Archaeological remains incuding burials were previously documented less than 300 ft (61 m) southeast of Gateway Lot 4,...


Archaeological Testing at Pueblo Grande (AZ U:9:1(ASM)): Unit 15, The Former Maricopa County Sheriff's Substation, Washington and 48th Streets, Phoenix, Arizona -- DRAFT REPORT (1999)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Banks L. Leonard.

Based on existing development plans prepared for Kitchell Development Co. for the parcel containing a former Maricopa County Sheriff’s substation at 48th and Washington Streets, Phoenix, Arizona, two areas were to be excavated below grade for a building foundation and a runoff detention basin. Because this parcel is immediately east of known prehistoric cultural remains that are part of the large Hohokam site of Pueblo Grande (AZ U:9:1(ASM)), backhoe trenching was conducted in the two areas to...


Archaeological Testing of Unit 13 at Pueblo Grande, AZ U:9:1(ASM), Arizona Federal Credit Union Property, 44th and Van Buren Streets, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Banks L. Leonard.

The Arizona Federal Credit Union (AFCU) property was a 3.26-acre parcel undergoing commercial development at the northeast corner of 44th and Van Buren Streets in Phoenix, Arizona. The parcel is located immediately southwest of Unit 7 and immediately west of Unit 11 at Pueblo Grande (AZ U:9:1(ASM)), where archaeological features including burials had been encountered previously. Because of its proximity, there was a high probability that archaeological remains including burials would also be...