Canal or Canal Feature (Site Type Keyword)

Parent: Agricultural or Herding

Ditch or interrelated group of ditches, acequias, head gates, and drains that constitute an irrigation system for individual watering and irrigation features.

1-25 (488 Records)

Across the Western Canal: Archaeological Monitoring and Limited Data Recovery for the Ken McDonald Golf Course Irrigation Water Line Project, Tempe, Arizona (2000)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Matthew E. Hill, Jr..

The monitoring and data recovery efforts described in this report were performed in conjunction with the city of Tempe's installation of three new irrigation water lines to support operation of the Ken McDonald Golf Course, located in Tempe, Arizona. The water lines were installed beneath the Western Canal; to do this, two bore pits were required at each of the three water line bridge locations. The initiate bore pits were excavated west of the canal and measure approximately 13- by 32-foot in...


Addendum Report to the Class III Survey Along Reaches 1 and 2 of the San Carlos Irrigation Project Rehabilitation: Report (2014)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Joanne C. Tactikos.

As authorized under the Arizona Water Settlements Act of 2004, the San Carlos and Irrigation Drainage District (SCIDD) is undertaking a 10-year rehabilitation project of its irrigation system. SCIDD is the non-Indian irrigation component of the San Carlos Irrigation Project (SCIP), which provides irrigation water to the communities of Florence, Coolidge, and Casa Grande in Pinal County, Arizona. The Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office (Reclamation) directed Archaeological Consulting...


An Analysis of Cultural Materials from Five Classic Period Hohokam Sites Adjacent to State Route 87 on Lands of the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community, Maricopa County, Arizona (1990)
DOCUMENT Full-Text C. Marshall Hoffman.

In late August, 1988, Archaeological Research Services, Inc. (ARS) performed a cultural resources survey on lands of the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community for the Arizona Department of Transportation. The survey was undertaken for a project involving the construction of turn lanes. The project area encompassed a 4700 ft x 67 ft construction right-of-way adjacent to the northern edge of SR 87. Five prehistoric habitation sites and one prehistoric canal were identified within the...


Ancient Canals and Cities (1903)
DOCUMENT Full-Text James Benham.

This image is a 1903 map of the Salt River Valley showing ancient canals and cities created by the Hohokam Indians. The map regards the excavations of H.R. Patrick between 1878 and 1905 and it was created for the Phoenix Free Museum.


Ancient Farmers of the Safford Basin: Archaeology of the U.S. 70 Safford-to-Thatcher Project (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

In March 1999, Desert Archaeology, Inc., was subcontracted by lnca Engineering to conduct archaeological testing along U.S. 70 between Safford and Thatcher at the behest of the Arizona Department of Transportation. Subsurface features associated with four prehistoric habitation sites (AZ CC:2:235, :289, :290, and :291 [ASM]), two prehistoric canal sites (AZ CC:2:296 and :297), and one late historic-period canal site (AZ CC:2:298) were identified. Except CC:2:291 that was removed from the project...


Archaeolgocial Testing of a Proposed Salt River Project Substation Location Near Las Canopas, AZ U:9:46 (ASU) Phoenix, Arizona (1991)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Thomas N. Motsinger.

An archaeological testing program was undertaken for Salt River Project (SRP) on a parcel of private land being considered as a site for a future SRP substation. The project area, which lies near the prehistoric Hohokam village of Las Canopas (AZ U:9:46 [ASU]), totals about 2.6 acres, just over three percent of which was sampled with a combination of systematically and judgementally places backhoe trenches. No subsurface features were ...


An Archaeological and Documentary Survey of the Historic Utah Ditch, Maricopa County, Arizona
PROJECT USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

Under contract to the U. S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted a Class III survey of two canal alignments variously identified as the historic Utah Ditch or Utah Canal. Reclamation's original delivery order was for one alignment, but because of questions as to the actual location of the Utah Ditch, the survey area was expanded to include a second suspected alignment. Extensive archival research was completed to document the history and...


An Archaeological and Documentary Survey of the Historic Utah Ditch, Maricopa County, Arizona: Photo Log (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Claudine Gravel-Miguel

Under contract to the U. S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted a Class III survey of two canal alignments variously identified as the historic Utah Ditch or Utah Canal. Reclamation's original delivery order was for one alignment, but because of questions as to the actual location of the Utah Ditch, the survey area was expanded to include a second suspected alignment. Extensive archival research was completed to document the history and...


An Archaeological and Documentary Survey of the Historic Utah Ditch, Maricopa County, Arizona: Photos (1998)
IMAGE Uploaded by: Claudine Gravel-Miguel

Under contract to the U. S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted a Class III survey of two canal alignments variously identified as the historic Utah Ditch or Utah Canal. Reclamation's original delivery order was for one alignment, but because of questions as to the actual location of the Utah Ditch, the survey area was expanded to include a second suspected alignment. Extensive archival research was completed to document the history and...


An Archaeological and Documentary Survey of the Historic Utah Ditch, Maricopa County, Arizona: Report (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Karolyn Jackman Jensen.

Under contract to the U. S. Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted a Class III survey of two canal alignments variously identified as the historic Utah Ditch or Utah Canal. Reclamation's original delivery order was for one alignment, but because of questions as to the actual location of the Utah Ditch, the survey area was expanded to include a second suspected alignment. Extensive archival research was completed to document the history and...


Archaeological and Geoarchaeological Investigations Along the Santa Cruz River Floodplain: The Pima County Plant Interconnect Project (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

This document summarizes the results of a phased archaeological data recovery program along a narrow pipeline corridor between the Pima County Regional Wastewater Reclamation Department’s existing Roger Road and Ina Road facilities. The work was conducted by Northland Research, Inc. prior to the installation of a new gravity-flow sewer line connecting the two wastewater facilities. Northland’s Pima County Plant Interconnect Project (PCPIP) investigated seven archaeological sites that have been...


Archaeological Assessment for Construction of a Bridge Over Grand Canal at 23rd Avenue and Fairmount Avenue, Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona (2000)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Julie Solometo.

This report presents the results of an archaeological assessment and site file search in the vicinity of a proposed construction project in Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona. The assessment and search were requested by the City of Phoenix Street Transportation Department and were conducted under an on-call archaeological services contract between the City of Phoenix and SWCA. The search was conducted at the request of the City of Phoenix, prior to construction of a bridge across Grand Canal...


An Archaeological Assessment of the Middle Santa Cruz River Basin, Rillito to Green Valley, Arizona, for the Proposed Tucson Aqueduct Phase B, Central Arizona Project (1983)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jon S. Czaplicki. James D. Mayberry.

This report presents the results of a Class II sample survey of Phase B of the Tucson Division, Central Arizona Project. Because of the relatively large amount of survey data available for this area, the study was based primarily on existing data rather than on new field survey data. The survey data were used to discuss the Paleo-Indian, Archaic, Hohokam, Proto-historic, and Historic Periods in the Phase B area. Settlement patterning and subsistence strategies for these periods were studied, as...


Archaeological Data Recovery for the Santan Mountains Land Exchange (1989)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kim Adams. Ann Valdo Howard. Barbara S. Macnider.

In December 1988, Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted an archaeological survey in and around the eastern portion of the Santan Mountains in preparation for a land exchange between Julian Berry and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Phoenix District Office (Adams et al . 1989). As a result, 13 sites, 112 artifact scatters, and 284 isolated finds were recorded. Testing and data recovery measures were recommended for six of the sites.The sites are located within the Basin and...


Archaeological Excavations at Pueblo Blanco: The MCDOT Alma School Road Project, Volume 1 (1995)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

At the request of the Maricopa County Department of Transportation (MCDOT), archaeological investigations were undertaken prior to a road widening project that involved segments of Alma School, McDowell, and McKellips Roads on the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community (SRPMIC) in Maricopa County, Arizona. Archaeological survey was initiated in 1989. Extensive ground disturbance was present due to agricultural and other activities conducted over the past 100 years. A large Classic period...


Archaeological Excavations at Pueblo Blanco: The MCDOT Alma School Road Project, Volume 2 (1995)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

At the request of the Maricopa County Department of Transportation (MCDOT), archaeological investigations were undertaken prior to a road widening project that involved segments of Alma School, McDowell, and McKellips Roads on the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community (SRPMIC) in Maricopa County, Arizona. The construction project involved widening Alma School Road from south of McKellips Road to north of McDowell Road. McKellips and McDowell Roads were also widened on both sides of Alma...


Archaeological Excavations of a Salt River Valley Canal Bridge Crossing at the Central Station, 300 North Central Avenue, Phoenix, Arizona (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Mark R. Hackbarth.

This report describes the results of archaeological excavations conducted by Northland Research, Inc. at the proposed site of the City of Phoenix Central Station, 300 North Central Avenue. The investigations were prompted by the discovery during construction of a concrete feature related to the nineteenth century Salt River Valley Canal. The archaeological investigations resulted in the exposure of the concrete feature, a culvert and outfall box, and five unrelated features. Four of the five...


An Archaeological Investigation of Buckeye Hills East, Maricopa County, Arizona (1976)
DOCUMENT Full-Text James B. Rodgers.

The following report discusses archaeological data recently retrieved by Arizona State University through an intensive survey of Buckeye Hills East in south-central Arizona. The specific project area lies south of Buckeye, Arizona, and involves a small portion of the extensive Greenbelt Planning Unit (BLM). The project, initiated by the Bureau of Land Management, was undertaken and completed in compliance with Executive Order 11593 and involved an explicit attempt to develop general management...


Archaeological Investigation of the Granite Reef Aqueduct, Cave Creek Archaeological District, Arizona (1977)
DOCUMENT Full-Text James B. Rodgers.

The following report contains the description and interpretation of archaeological data recently recovered from AZ T:8:31 (ASU), AZ T:8:35 (ASU), and AZ T:8:38 (ASU). Situated within south-central Arizona, these sites form an integral part of the Cave Creek Archaeological District. Impact on these cultural resources will result from construction along Reach 10 of the Granite Reef Aqueduct, a feature of the Central Arizona Project. A plan to mitigate this adverse impact through a program of...


Archaeological Investigations at AZ U:9:8 (ARS), A Santa Cruz Phase Hohokam Site in Mesa, Arizona (1985)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Douglas R. Mitchell.

This report presents the results of an archaeological testing program conducted for Salt River Project (SRP) at the location of a construction site in Mesa, Maricopa County, Arizona. The project is located approximately 2000 ft west of Country Club Drive south of the junction of the Tempe Canal and the Tempe Cross Cut Canal (Figure 1). The SRP project involved the excavation of a footing trench for a masonry wall to surround an existing water well. In the process of excavating the trench...


Archaeological Investigations at La Lomita, AZ U:9:67 (ASM) (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text J. Scott Courtright.

In conjunction with plans for a sewer line to be constructed by the City of Phoenix Water Services Department under east Van Buren Street in Phoenix, Arizona, cultural resource data recovery was undertaken within a 3.9-acre portion of La Lomita, AZ U:9:67 (ASM). The site, located in south-central Arizona, is north of the Salt River within the Phoenix Basin. Additionally, construction monitoring was also conducted along portions of the sewer line south of the site boundaries, and irrigation...


Archaeological Investigations at the Gila Butte Site: Hohokam Irrigation and Economic Systems Along the Gila River, Arizona (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Thomas N. Motsinger.

This report details the results of testing and data recovery efforts in the northern portion of the Gila Butte Site, a medium-sized Hohokam village located on the north side of the Gila River south of Phoenix, Arizona. Although the main portion of the site has not been subjected to substantial data recovery efforts, the primary occupation of the site is believed to date at least from the Estrella phase through the Sacaton phase of the Hohokam sequence (ca. A.D. 500-1100 [Dean 1991]), although...


Archaeological Investigations for the City of Mesa Sound Barrier on McKellips Road at the Mesa Terrace, Mesa, Arizona (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Mark R. Hackbarth.

This report describes an archaeological data recovery effort conducted by Northland Research, Inc, for the City of Mesa. The project area was located within the construction site of a sound barrier wall along the north and south sides of McKellips Road in Sections 2 and 11, T1N, R5E. The purpose of the investigation was to locate and record historic and prehistoric features, specifically canals, that crossed the McKellips Road Sound Barrier project area. Northland recorded four canals and...


Archaeological Investigations of Early Village Sites in the Middle Santa Cruz Valley, Analyses and Synthesis, Part I (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

A series of archaeological investigations were conducted from 1993 to 1995 at four prehistoric sites in the middle Santa Cruz Valley. This fieldwork was part of the Arizona Department of Transportation's archaeological mitigation program of the Interstate 10 Corridor Improvement Project through Tucson, Arizona. The sites included the remains of three early farming settlements--the Santa Cruz Bend (AZ AA:12:746 [ASM]), Square Hearth (AZ AA:12:745 [ASM]), and Stone Pipe (AZ BB:13:425 [ASM])...


Archaeological Investigations of Early Village Sites in the Middle Santa Cruz Valley: Analyses and Synthesis, Part II (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

A series of archaeological investigations were conducted from 1993 to 1995 at four prehistoric sites in the middle Santa Cruz Valley. This fieldwork was part of the Arizona Department of Transportation's archaeological mitigation program of the Interstate 10 Corridor Improvement Project through Tucson, Arizona. The sites included the remains of three early farming settlements--the Santa Cruz Bend (AZ AA:12:746 [ASM]), Square Hearth (AZ AA:12:745 [ASM]), and Stone Pipe (AZ BB:13:425 [ASM])...