An Analysis of Cultural Materials from Five Classic Period Hohokam Sites Adjacent to State Route 87 on Lands of the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community, Maricopa County, Arizona

Author(s): C. Marshall Hoffman

Year: 1990

Summary

In late August, 1988, Archaeological Research Services, Inc. (ARS) performed a cultural resources survey on lands of the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community for the Arizona Department of Transportation. The survey was undertaken for a project involving the construction of turn lanes. The project area encompassed a 4700 ft x 67 ft construction right-of-way adjacent to the northern edge of SR 87. Five prehistoric habitation sites and one prehistoric canal were identified within the right-of-way. The ceramics and architectural features associated with these sites indicate they were occupied by the Hohokam during the Sedentary and Classic Periods. At the request of the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community, ARS collected all of the surface artifacts from the five habitation sites within the construction right-of-way. A variety of ceramic and lithic artifacts were recovered, as well as some faunal remains and shell artifacts. This study presents an analysis of the surface collections from those five sites, and assesses the content and structure of the archaeological deposits for the portion of each site within the right-of-way. The results of the analysis suggest there were two groups of sites characterized by different artifact assemblages. One group of sites was associated with both Sedentary and Classic Period occupations, while a second group of sites was only associated with the Classic Period occupation of the area. These sites represent a group of agricultural communities that were first occupied during the Sedentary Period, and that grew substantially by Classic Period times. ARS will monitor the proposed turn lane construction for the presence of sub-surface cultural features and remains when the project is undertaken.

Cite this Record

An Analysis of Cultural Materials from Five Classic Period Hohokam Sites Adjacent to State Route 87 on Lands of the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community, Maricopa County, Arizona. C. Marshall Hoffman. Tempe, AZ: Archaeological Research Services, Inc. 1990 ( tDAR id: 406048) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8406048

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Keywords

Culture
Hohokam

Material
Adobe Basalt Biotite Black-on-Whiteware Bone Brownware Buffware Building Materials Casa Grande Red-on-Buffware Ceramic Chalcedony Chert Chipped Stone Dacite Decorated Ware Diabase Diorite Fauna Gila Plainware Gila Plainware, Gila Variety Gila Plainware, Salt Variety Gila Polychrome Ware Gila Redware Glass Granite Show More

Site Name
AZ U:9:13 (ARS) AZ U:9:14 (ARS) AZ U:9:19 (ASU) AZ U:9:20 (ASU) AZ U:9:8 (ASU) AZ U:940 (ASU)

Site Type
Adobe Compound Adobe Structure Agricultural Area Agricultural or Herding Ancient Structure Archaeological Feature Artifact Concentration Artifact Scatter Canal Canal or Canal Feature Compound Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Habitation Site Lithic Scatter Masonry Compound Midden Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Room Block / Compound / Pueblo Sherd Scatter Structure Trash Midden Trash Mound

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.836; min lat: 33.474 ; max long: -111.808; max lat: 33.494 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Contributor(s): Ross S. Curtis; Noreen Fritz; Mark Chenault

Principal Investigator(s): Lyle M. Stone

Project Director(s): Daniel R. Bontrager

Landowner(s): Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community

Sponsor(s): Arizona Department of Transportation

Permitting Agency(s): Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community; Bureau of Indian Affairs

Repository(s): Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community

Prepared By(s): Archaeological Research Services, Inc.

Record Identifiers

Special Use Permit No.(s): 157

Arizona Department of Transportation Project No.(s): SW H0942 01C

Received by the Arizona Dept. of Transportation, Highway Division, Environmental Planning Services(s): JUL 2 - 1990

Project No.(s): N-900-325

Archaeological Resources Protection Act Permit No.(s): ARS/SR/PAO/001a

Contract No.(s): 88-21

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
1990_Hoffman_AnAnalysis.pdf 1.64mb Jun 29, 1990 Jul 4, 2016 11:26:55 PM Confidential
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Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

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