Pioneer Period (Temporal Keyword)

1-25 (60 Records)

Additional Cultural Resources Survey within the Fannin-McFarland and Tucson Aqueducts, Central Arizona Project Canal, Maricopa, Pinal, Pima Counties, Arizona (2017)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Douglas Mitchell. Peg Davis. Walter R. Punzmann. Lesley Rodriguez. Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd..

In February 2017, Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted a site relocation effort (Mitchell et al. 2017) of 117 sites that had not been evaluated for eligibility to the National Register of Historic Places (Register). Fifteen sites were not relocated at the plotted site location or within 200 meters around the site boundary within the Central Arizona Project (CAP) ROW. It was decided that additional survey would be beneficial to determine if these sites were misplotted and...


Archaeological Investigations: Salt River Project Palo Verde to Kyrene 500 kV Transmission Line Right-of-Way, Private, State and Bureau of Land Management (Phoenix District Office) Lands, Maricopa, Arizona: Final Report for an Archaeological Survey of the Palo Verde to Kyrene 500 kV Transmission Line, Maricopa, County, Arizona (1978)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Margaret A. Powers. Mark J. Keane. Donald E. Weaver, Jr..

At the request of Salt River Project, the Museum of Northern Arizona conducted an archaeological survey of a proposed 500kV transmission line between the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station (near Wintersburg, Arizona) and the Kyrene Substation (near Tempe, Arizona). During survey of the 73.3 mi right-of-way, evidences of historic and prehistoric activity were recorded at 10 sites and 43 loci of isolated artifacts or features. With few exceptions, all identified remains could be assigned to the...


Archaeological Monitoring of the Salt River Project Utility Line Expansion from Lassen Substation (1995)
DOCUMENT Full-Text John T. Marshall.

The document presents the results of archaeological monitoring at the Salt River Project (SRP) Lassen Substation in Tempe, Maricopa County, Arizona. The work was conducted by Northland Research, Inc. for SRP and entailed monitoring for their expansion of utility lines along the Western Canal beginning at Lassen Substation. The project area is located within La Ciudad de Los Hornos (Los Hornos), a Hohokam site. Lassen Substation is on land owned by SRP; the Western Canal and right-of-way is owned...


An Archaeological Overview of the Middle Santa Cruz Basin: A Supplemental Class I Cultural Resource Survey for Reach 3 of the Central Arizona Project - Tucson Division (1981)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Carol Heathington McCarthy. Earl Sires.

In 1979 the Bureau of Reclamation contracted with the Arizona State Museum for a Class I survey of the Tucson Division of the Central Arizona Project (Westfall 1979). This study covered Reaches 1 and 2 and included Arizona archaeological grid units AA:3, AA:7, AA:8, AA:12, AA:16, and BB:9. Subsequently planning was initiated for a possible Reach 3. The possible extension of the project into three additional grids (AZ BB:13, AZ DD:4, and AZ EE:1) required further archaeological study. This report...


Archaeological Studies of the Avra Valley, Arizona, for the Papago Water Supply Project, Volume 1: Class III Archaeological Surveys on the Tohono O'Odham Indian Reservation (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Allen Dart.

The Papago Water Supply project was an effort to deliver and apply Central Arizona Project water to farmland on the Tohono O'odham (formerly Papago) Indian Reservation as part of the Southern Arizona Water Rights Settlement Act of 1982. The project involved construction of a water delivery system and development of new agricultural fields in the Schuk Toak and San Xaiver districts of the Reservation, located in the Avra Valley west of Tucson, Arizona. Environmental planning studies for the...


Archaeological Survey at Three Proposed Substations in Phoenix, Mesa, and Tempe, Arizona (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Mark Hackbarth. Ann Valdo Howard.

Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted an archaeological survey at three proposed substations in Phoenix, Mesa, and Tempe, Arizona at the request of the Salt River Project (SRP), Public Lands Division. The survey was performed in order to provide an Inventory and assessment of the cultural resources that would be effected by the construction of substations at each location.


An Archaeological Survey in the Blackwater Area, Volume 1: The History of Human Settlement in the Blackwater Area (1994)
DOCUMENT Full-Text David A. Gregory. Gary Huckleberry.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), United States Department of the Interior, was in the initial stages of the Water Management Project designed to bring Central Arizona Project water to the Gila River Indian Community (GRIC). Under terms of a contract signed in 1992 with the GRIC, facilities designed and constructed by Reclamation would deliver 173,000 acre-feet of water annually onto the reservation. Federal law mandates consideration of potential impacts of such projects upon cultural...


An Archaeological Survey in the Blackwater Area, Volume 2: Site Descriptions and Related Data (1994)
DOCUMENT Full-Text David A. Gregory. Diane L. Douglas.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), United States Department of the Interior, was in the initial stages of the Water Management Project designed to bring Central Arizona Project water to the Gila River Indian Community (GRIC). Under terms of a contract signed in 1992 with the GRIC, facilities designed and constructed by Reclamation would deliver 173,000 acre-feet of water annually onto the reservation. Federal law mandates consideration of potential impacts of such projects upon cultural...


An Archaeological Survey of the Salt-Gila Aqueduct (1973)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Mark Grady.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) directed the Arizona State Museum to conduct a cultural resources survey of the Salt-Gila (Fannin-McFarland) Aqueduct as part of its environmental assessment of the impacts of the proposed Central Arizona Project. Twenty-two archaeological sites and two major areas of cultural activity were identified during the survey. Of these sites, 19 were recommended for further investigation and 5 were suggested for clearance (not eligible for the NRHP). The...


Archaeological Testing at the Romero Ruin: Part 2 (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Deborah L. Swartz.

Limited archaeological testing was conducted at the Romero Ruin, AZ BB:9:1 (ASM), during the spring of 1993 by archaeologists from the Center for Desert Archaeology. The site is a large prehistoric Hohokam village with an overlying historic component, located in Catalina State Park approximately 10 miles north of Tucson, Arizona. The purpose of the testing program was threefold: 1) to expose archaeological features along the interpretive trail prior to the features' being stabilized, 2) to...


Architectural Database of a Sample of Early Ceramic Through Sedentary Period Hohokam Pithouses in the Tucson Basin, Arizona (2015)
DATASET Uploaded by: Kye Miller

This database contains basic information of a sample of 313 Early Ceramic through Sedentary Period pithouses from 8 excavated sites in the Tucson Basin, Arizona.


The Bartlett Dam Project: Archaeological Test Excavations at Fourteen Sites in the Lower Verde Valley, Maricopa County, Arizona (1991)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Gregory R. Seymour. Mark C. Slaughter. WIlliam L. Deaver. Richard V. N. Ahlstrom.

This report documents the results of a testing program completed by SWCA, Inc. Environmental Consultants in August of 1990 in anticipation of the modification of Bartlett Dam. Modifications to the dam were planned as part of the Central Arizona Project's Regulatory Storage Division (Plan 6) and the Safety of Dams Project. During the month of April, 1990, archaeologists from Northland Research, Inc. conducted an archaeological survey of approximately 929 acres located on the Lower Verde River...


Boundary Delineation and Limited Testing of Several Sites on the Fort McDowell Indian Reservation, Maricopa County, Arizona (1994)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Kim Adams.

Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) conducted survey of 200 acres and limited testing of cultural resources on Fort McDowell Mohave-Apache Indian Community (FMIC) land at the request of Mr. Jon Czaplicki of the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation). The work was performed to define the boundaries of archaeological sites to be avoided by agricultural development. Eight sites were slated for preservation; however, only seven sites were relocated and flagged, and two new sites were...


Chronological Changes in Pottery Production in the Phoenix Basin: Evidence from La Villa (2015)
DOCUMENT Full-Text James Heidke. Mary Ownby.

Recent excavations at La Villa recovered a large quantity of pottery that spanned a broad range of time from the Vakhi (ca. A.D. 500-700) to Early Sacaton phase (ca. A.D. 950-1020). Binocular and petrographic analysis of this corpus provides insights into changes in pottery production and distribution in the Phoenix Basin, particularly for Hohokam decorated ceramic types. The results from examining early red-on-gray through red-on-gray/buff sherds indicates those vessels were made with crushed...


A Class I Cultural Resources Inventory of the North-South Corridor Study, Pinal County, Arizona (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Sulgi Lotze

Under contract with the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT), HDR Engineering, Inc. (HDR), has been tasked with the preliminary planning and predesign of a north-south highway corridor in Pinal County, Arizona (Federal Highway Administration Project No. STP-999-A [BBM]; TRACS No. 999 PN H7454 O1L). This highway will link Interstate 10 (I-10), in the vicinity of Picacho, to U.S. Highway 60 (also known as the Superstition Freeway), in the vicinity of Apache Junction. HDR has subcontracted...


A Class III Archaeological Survey of the Phase B Corridor, Tucson Aqueduct, Central Arizona Project (1986)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Christian E. Downum. Adrianne G. Rankin. Jon S. Czaplicki.

The Cultural Resource Management Division of the Arizona State Museum conducted an intensive Class III survey and testing program for the Phase B portion of the Tucson Aqueduct. Archaeologists surveyed 3,370 ha and identified 47 archaeological sites and 8 nonsites. Site types recorded included 4 Archaic camps, 2 Hohokam villages, 6 Hohokam farmstead-field houses, 28 limited-activity sites, 4 quarries, and 3 Protohistoric sites. Of the 47 identified sites, 24 were recommended for data recovery.


Class III Cultural Resources Survey of Reclamation Withdrawn Lands along the Lower Verde River: Needle Rock Survey
PROJECT USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) has identified approximately 4,514 acres of land for a Class III (intensive) cultural resource survey for Section 110 inventory purposes. The land was withdrawn for the Salt River Project (SRP) and is located within the Tonto National Forest (TNF), west of the lower Verde River, south of Bartlett Reservoir, and north of the Fort McDowell Mohave-Apache Indian Community. At the request of Reclamation, ACS conducted an intensive cultural resources survey...


Class III Cultural Resources Survey of Reclamation Withdrawn Lands along the Lower Verde River: Needle Rock Survey: Photo Log (2001)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Sara K. Hanan.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) has identified approximately 4,514 acres of land for a Class III (intensive) cultural resource survey for Section 110 inventory purposes. The land was withdrawn for the Salt River Project (SRP) and is located within the Tonto National Forest (TNF), west of the lower Verde River, south of Bartlett Reservoir, and north of the Fort McDowell Mohave-Apache Indian Community. At the request of Reclamation, ACS conducted an intensive cultural resources survey...


Class III Cultural Resources Survey of Reclamation Withdrawn Lands along the Lower Verde River: Needle Rock Survey: Photos (2000)
IMAGE M. McCurdy. S. Reichardt.

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) has identified approximately 4,514 acres of land for a Class III (intensive) cultural resource survey for Section 110 inventory purposes. The land was withdrawn for the Salt River Project (SRP) and is located within the Tonto National Forest (TNF), west of the lower Verde River, south of Bartlett Reservoir, and north of the Fort McDowell Mohave-Apache Indian Community. At the request of Reclamation, ACS conducted an intensive cultural resources survey...


Class III Cultural Resources Survey of Reclamation Withdrawn Lands along the Lower Verde River: Needle Rock Survey: Report (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Claudine Gravel-Miguel

The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) has identified approximately 4,514 acres of land for a Class III (intensive) cultural resource survey for Section 110 inventory purposes. The land was withdrawn for the Salt River Project (SRP) and is located within the Tonto National Forest (TNF), west of the lower Verde River, south of Bartlett Reservoir, and north of the Fort McDowell Mohave-Apache Indian Community. At the request of Reclamation, ACS conducted an intensive cultural resources survey...


Cosmology in the New World
PROJECT Santa Fe Institute.

This project consists of articles written by members of Santa Fe Institute’s cosmology research group. Overall, the goal of this group is to understand the larger relationships between cosmology and society through a theoretically open-ended, comparative examination of the ancient American Southwest, Southeast, and Mesoamerica.


Crismon Ruin: A Hohokam Settlement at the Head of the Lehi Canal System (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

Crismon Ruin is a large Hohokam settlement located on the lower terraces of the Salt River, near the head of the prehistoric Lehi Canal System. Data recovery excavations at the site were conducted in the spring and early summer of 2001. Over 500 archaeological features were documented during the fieldwork, including prehistoric pithouses, adobe rooms, borrow pits, pits, homos, roasting pits, inhumation and cremation burials, canals, and other miscellaneous features. Most of these features...


A Cultural Inventory of the Salt River Indian Reservation, Arizona (1972)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Alaina Harmon

This document consists of site descriptions for sites located on the Salt River Indian Reservation Lands. Those contributing content to the report include Gerald Bair, Susan B. Belt, Dav Buge, Thomas Cartledge, William G. Holiday, Susanne LaFollette, Minnabell E. Laughlin, Chad Phinney, Erwin R. Ray, Linda Richards, Helen P. Wells, Regge N. Wiseman, Robert York, and Betsy R. Zeligs.


Cultural Resource Survey of the Proposed Granite Reef Recharge Project, Salt River Indian Reservation, Maricopa County, Arizona (1990)
DOCUMENT Full-Text M. Zyniecki. Thomas N. Motsinger. David H. Greenwald.

An archaeological survey of a portion of the Salt River Indian Reservation was completed for the Salt River Project (SRP) by SWCA, Inc., Environmental Consultants, during July and August, 1990. Work was performed under special use permit Number 440 issued by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Phoenix District, and a letter of authorization from the Salt River Indian Community. The project was undertaken for a proposed ground water recharge system located north of Mesa, Arizona, along the north side...


Cultural Resources Assessment of 117 Archaeological Sites for the Fannin-McFarland and Tucson Aqueducts, Central Arizona Project Canal, Maricopa, Pinal, and Pima Counties, Arizona
PROJECT Douglas Mitchell. Bureau of Reclamation.

In compliance with Section 106 of the NHPA, the Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), Phoenix Area Office (PXAO) began cultural resource surveys along the Central Arizona Project (CAP) main stem alignment shortly after the CAP was authorized. For the next 25 years, various cultural resource management contractors conducted inventories of the CAP, recording several hundred archaeological sites. From the 1970s to the 1980s, some of these sites were tested and/or excavated as mitigation for the...