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The Lower Verde Archaeological Project

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Summary

The Lower Verde Archaeological Project (LVAP) was a four-year data recovery project conducted by Statistical Research, Inc. (SRI) in the lower Verde River region of central Arizona. The project was designed to mitigate any adverse effects to cultural resources from modifications to Horseshoe and Bartlett Dams. The Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Arizona Project’s Office sponsored the research program in compliance with historic preservation legislation.

The LVAP’s ultimate goal was to recover information that would contribute to a better understanding of any impacted prehistoric and historic resources in the project area, and to examine the relationship of these resources to the prehistory and history of the lower Verde River region and surrounding areas. The project employed a landscape perspective to address the settlement and use of this landscape by a diverse group of people from the prehistoric Hohokam to modern day Euroamericans and indigenous reservation communities. The research themes that guided LVAP data recovery and analysis include the following topics: 1) culture and chronologic sequence, 2) cultural affiliation 3) settlement and subsistence patterns through time, 4) domestic organization and the changing structure of larger sites within prehistoric communities, 5) Yavapai and Western Apache occupation, 6) lithic use and procurement, and 7) exchange and specialization.

The LVAP’s data recovery efforts resulted in the collection of data from approximately 53 sites in and around the project area defined by the Horseshoe and Bartlett Dams. SRI archaeologists conducted intensive site recording, surface collections, and/or excavation at 18 archaeological sites in the project area. In addition, they performed reconnaissance surveys at an additional 35 archaeological sites in the lower Verde River area. The data collected includes prehistoric and historic settlement pattern and land-use patterns, descriptions of prehistoric features, artifact samples, chronologic samples, geomorphological information and soil samples, macrobotanical samples, pollen samples, and faunal collections. In addition to these data, the LVAP also gathered and synthesized existing information on other prehistoric archaeological sites in central Arizona and on the Yavapai and Western Apache archaeological record in Arizona.

The results and synthesis of the LVAP are presented in an introduction and four report volumes entitled Vanishing River: Landscapes and Lives of the Lower Verde Valley: The Lower Verde Archaeological Project. The first document is the introduction to the report series. The first volume, entitled Descriptions of Habitation and Nonagricultural Sites, reports data from the excavation of prehistoric villages in the project area. The second volume, which is titled Agricultural, Subsistence, and Environmental Studies, describes data and analyses on the prehistoric and protohistoric agricultural practices in the area. It also addresses general land use patterns. The third volume, which is entitled Material Culture and Physical Anthropology, presents descriptions and analyses of the artifact samples and human remains recovered during the project’s data recovery. The fourth and final volume, Overview, Synthesis, and Conclusions, provides a detailed summary of the project’s research design, its efforts to integrate recovered data with the greater landscape of the lower Verde River, and its analysis of the data. This synthetic volume chronicles use of the lower Verde region across the pre-Classic Hohokam, the Classic period Hohokam, the protohistoric and historic Yavapai and Western Apache, and modern era communities.


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Cite this Record

The Lower Verde Archaeological Project. ( tDAR id: 5831) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8N58NR8


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.845; min lat: 33.804 ; max long: -111.591; max lat: 34.082 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Field Director(s): WIlliam L. Deaver ; Robert B. Neily

Lab Director(s): Su Benaron

Principal Investigator(s): Richard Ciolek-Torrello ; Jeffrey H. Altschul ; Stephanie M. Whittlesey

Project Director(s): Jeffrey A. Homburg ; Steven D. Shelley

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Permitting Agency(s): USDA Forest Service, Tonto National Forest

Repository(s): Arizona State University, Archaeological Research Institute

Prepared By(s): Statistical Research, Inc.


Resources Inside this Project (Viewing 1-38 of 38)

  • Documents (38)

Documents

  1. Vanishing River Appendices (1997)
  2. Vanishing River Guide to Volumes 1 - 3: The Electronic Volumes Originally on CD (1997)
  3. Vanishing River List of Figures, Plates, Vessels and Figures (1997)
  4. Vanishing River Table of Contents (1997)
  5. Vanishing River Volume 1: Part 1, Scorpion Point Village: Chapters 1 - 4 (1997)
  6. Vanishing River Volume 1: Part 2, Other Pre-Classic Sites in the LVAP Study Area: Chapters 5 - 6 (1997)
  7. Vanishing River Volume 1: Part 3, Classic Period and Multicomponent Sites in the LVAP Study Area (1997)
  8. Vanishing River Volume 2: Agricultural, Subsistence, and Environmental Studies: Part 1: Chapters 1-3 (1997)
  9. Vanishing River Volume 2: Agricultural, Subsistence, and Environmental Studies: Part 2: Chapters 4-7 (1997)
  10. Vanishing River Volume 2: Agricultural, Subsistence, and Environmental Studies: Part 3: Chapters 8-11 (1997)
  11. Vanishing River Volume 3: Material Culture and Physical Anthropology: Part 1: Chapters 1-6 (1997)
  12. Vanishing River Volume 3: Material Culture and Physical Anthropology: Part 2: Chapter 7 (1997)
  13. Vanishing River Volume 3: Material Culture and Physical Anthropology: Part 3: Chapter 8-9 (1997)
  14. Vanishing River Volume 3: Material Culture and Physical Anthropology: Part 4: Chapter 10 (1997)
  15. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 01: The Verde River and Desert Landscapes: Introduction to the Lower Verde Archaeological Project (1997)
  16. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 02: Archaeological Landscapes: A Methodological and Theoretical Discussion (1997)
  17. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 03: The Vanished River: Historical-Period Impacts to Desert Landscapes and Archaeological Implications (1997)
  18. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 04: An Overview of Research History and Archaeology of Central Arizona (1997)
  19. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 05: Yavapai and Western Apache Ethnohistory and Material Culture (1997)
  20. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 06: Yavapai and Western Apache Archaeology of Central Arizona (1997)
  21. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 07: Two Archival Case Studies in Western Apache and Yavapai Archaeology (1997)
  22. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 08: Euroamerican History, 1540 to the Present (1997)
  23. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 09: Environmental Variability and Agricultural Economics along the Lower Verde River, A.D. 750 - 1450 (1997)
  24. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 10: Temporal Variation in Undecorated Pottery: A Tool for Chronology Building (1997)
  25. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 11: Toward a Unified Theory of Ceramic Production and Distribution: Examples from the Central Arizona Deserts (1997)
  26. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 12: Chronological Issues of the LVAP (1997)
  27. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 13: Site Structure and Domestic Organization (1997)
  28. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 14: Prehistoric Settlement and Demography in the Lower Verde Region (1997)
  29. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 15: Re-Thinking the Core-Periphery Model of the Pre-Classic Period Hohokam (1997)
  30. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 16: Return to Migration, Population Movement, and Ethnic Identity in the American Southwest (1997)
  31. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 17: The Lower Verde Archaeological Project, Big Projects, and Cultural Resource Management (1997)
  32. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 18: Research Design Revisited: Processual Issues in the Prehistory of the Lower Verde Valley (1997)
  33. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 19: Landscapes and Lives along the Lower Verde River (1997)
  34. Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 20: The Lower Verde Archaeological Project in Context (1997)
  35. Vanishing River Volume 4: References Cited, List of Contributors, and SRI Information (1997)
  36. Vanishing River: Attached Report: A Comparison of Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy Extraction Techniques (1997)
  37. Vanishing River: Attached Report: Petroglyphs in the Horseshoe Reservoir Area of the Lower Verde Valley, Central Arizona (1997)
  38. Vanishing River: Attached Report: Petrographic and Qualitative Analyses of Sands and Sherds from the Lower Verde River Area (1997)
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America