Vanishing River Volume 2: Agricultural, Subsistence, and Environmental Studies: Part 3: Chapters 8-11


Chapter 8 discusses data from macrofossil and flotation samples from village, hamlet, farmstead,

and field house settings along the lower Verde River. Chapter 9 treats the pollen and phytoliths that were isolated from sediment samples

collected in a variety of agricultural features including

rock piles and alignments, terraces, and field houses, in

addition to habitation features such as hearths, living floors,

middens, and roasting pits in the LVAP area. The overall goal of

these analyses was to further understanding of prehistoric

agricultural strategies and utilization of noncultivated plant

species in the study area. Chapter 10 describes the faunal material recovered during data recovery efforts at LVAP sites and activity areas. The faunal analysis

identifies the taxa present in the project sites, identifies any

butchering or food-processing patterns, assesses environmental

correlates of the faunal assemblage, and detects

temporal changes in the use of faunal resources. If temporal

changes were found, the analysis examined whether they

were the result of cultural factors or changes in the local or

regional environment. Finally, Chapter 11 presents the results of a cross-cultural assessment of the agricultural potential of the Horseshoe Basin area. The authors discuss their selection of Native American consultants to address farming in the area, and their methods for comparing and contrasting consultant assessments. The “ideal” Native American consultant for evaluating the

prehistoric agricultural potential of a study area would: (1) be

able to claim some degree of cultural continuity with the

former occupants; (2) be conversant with techniques suggested

by the prehistoric agricultural remains; and (3) have

farming experience in the same kind of environment. In light

of the foregoing discussion, such an individual clearly does

not exist for the LVAP location.

Consequently, the authors selected representatives from several different cultural traditions in the local area; they consulted with Zuni, Apache, Pima, and Tohono O’odham farmers. Authors also used

alternative methods for comparing and contrasting the assessments

of representatives from several Native American farming

traditions in surrounding areas.

Cite this Record

Vanishing River Volume 2: Agricultural, Subsistence, and Environmental Studies: Part 3: Chapters 8-11. Karen R. Adams, Steven Bozarth, Suzanne K Fish, Paul R. Fish, Steven D. Shelley, Kellie M. Cairns, Jeffrey A. Homburg, Richard Ciolek-Torello. In Vanishing River: Landscapes and Lives of the Lower Verde Valley: The Lower Verde Archaeological Project: Volume 2: Agricultural, Subsistence, and Environmental Studies. Pp. 149-248. Tucson, AZ: Statistical Research, Inc. Press (Tucson, AZ). 1997 ( tDAR id: 372148) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8SF2T72


Euroamerican Historic Historic Native American Hohokam Salado Sinagua Spanish Western Apache Yavapai

Fauna Macrobotanical Pollen

Site Name
01-1008 01-1009 01-1015 01-1048 01-1134 01-1157 01-1158 01-1310 01-144 01-176 01-757 01-888 01-983 01-984 AZ O:14:124 AZ O:14:63 AZ O:14:64 AZ O:14:66 AZ O:14:90 AZ O:14:91 AZ O U:2:29 AZ U:2:129 AZ U:2:168 AZ U:2:227 AZ U:2:58 AZ U:2:66 AZ U:2:67 AZ U:2:95 Crash Landing Site (01-278) Crash Landing Site (AZ U:2:78) Humboldt Point Site (01-18) Humboldt Point Site (AZ U:2:2) McCoy Mesa (01-176) McCoy Mesa (AZ U:2:129) Mullen Mesa (01-1048) Mullen Mesa (AZ O:14:66) Roadhouse Ruin (01-167) Roadhouse Ruin (AZ U:2:73) Scorpion Point Village (01-819) Scorpion Point Village (AZ U:2:80) The Cow Wallow Site (01:1152) The Cow Wallow Site (AZ U:2:61) The CTC Site (01-1134) The CTC Site (AZ U:2:95) The Damview Site (01-316) The Damview Site (AZ U:2:106) The Little House Site (01-286) The Little House Site (AZ U:2:85) The Lone Juniper Site (01-751) The Lone Juniper Site (AZ U:2:75) The Middendrum Site (01-318) The Middendrum Site (AZ U:2:107) The No-see-um Site (01-242) The No-see-um Site (AZ U:2:76) The Two Farms Site (01-1136) The Two Farms Site (AZ U:2:98) Show More

Site Type
Agricultural Field or Field Feature Agricultural or Herding Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Ball Court Brush Structure Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Encampment Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Hamlet / Village Non-Domestic Structures Petroglyph Pit House / Earth Lodge Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Rock Alignment Rock Art Room Block / Compound / Pueblo Settlements Shade Structure / Ramada Water Control Feature

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.845; min lat: 33.804 ; max long: -111.591; max lat: 34.082 ;

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