Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 18: Research Design Revisited: Processual Issues in the Prehistory of the Lower Verde Valley


Chapter 18 provides a summary of the LVAP’s research themes and offers an overview of the research results. Ciolek-Torello synthesizes the chronology and cultural sequence of the lower Verde Valley. He places this sequence and its cultural developments in the context of other cultural sequences in central and southern Arizona. Whittlesey then summarizes the argument for an indigenous cultural tradition in the Transition Zone of central Arizona, one with roots in Mogollon prehistory and with close affiliations to the Sinagua tradition. Furthermore, she characterizes the zone as a joint use area, with individual places having unique histories that resulted from population movement. Next, Ciolek-Torello discusses the three primary adapative strategies that this prehistoric tradition employed in their occupation of this landscape: a foraging-farming strategy, a ráncheria-type village-farming strategy, and a nucleated puebloan-type village-framing strategy. He then moves to a discussion of processual research themes on social organization and adaptive strategies. He considers agricultural complexity, socio-cultural complexity, and the impact of adaptive mobility on a sequential hierarchical social structure. Ciolek-Torello concludes with an overview of this research’s implications for the interpretation of central Arizona prehistory and history.

Cite this Record

Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 18: Research Design Revisited: Processual Issues in the Prehistory of the Lower Verde Valley. Richard Ciolek-Torello, Stephanie M. Whittlesey, Stephanie M. Whittlesey, Richard Ciolek-Torello, Jeffrey Altschul. In Vanishing River: Landscapes and Lives of the Lower Verde Valley: The Lower Verde Archaeological Project: Overview, Synthesis, and Conclusions. Pp. 661-702. Tucson, AZ: Statistical Research, Inc. Press. 1997 ( tDAR id: 5931) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8BR8Q4J


Hohokam Mogollon

Building Materials Ceramic Dating Sample Ground Stone Human Remains

Site Name
Agate Site Complex Bear Creek Village Buh Bi Laa Cow Wallow CTC site Damview site Davenport Ruin Deer Creek site Deerjaw Ruin Eagle Ridge site East Fork site Escalante Ruin Hedge Apple Howard Ruin Ister Flat Ruin La Escuela Cuba Little House Lizard Man Village Lone Juniper site Meddler Point Mercer Ruin Middendrum site NA 10754 NA 4616 Ridge Ruin Roadhouse Ruin Schoolhouse Ppint Scorpion Point Village Shoofly Village Spur Cross Ranch site Ushklish Ruin Walnut Creek Village Winona Ruin Show More

Site Type
Agricultural Field or Field Feature Agricultural or Herding Ancient Communal / Public Structure Ancient Earthwork Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Ball Court Canal or Canal Feature Communal / Public Structure Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Hamlet / Village Hearth Midden Mound / Earthwork Non-Domestic Structures Pit Pit House / Earth Lodge Platform Mound Post Hole / Post Mold Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Rock Alignment Room Block / Compound / Pueblo Settlements Shade Structure / Ramada Water Control Feature Show More

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1 to 1450

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.845; min lat: 33.804 ; max long: -111.591; max lat: 34.082 ;

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