Vanishing River: Attached Report: A Comparison of Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy Extraction Techniques

Summary

This report presents the results of an experimental study

of ceramics from the Lower Verde Archaeological Project

(LVAP) designed to test the effectiveness of inductively coupled

plasma spectroscopy (ICPS) as a tool for sourcing the

locale of ceramic manufacture. A major theme of LVAP

research was to explore the parameters of human interaction

and exchange within the lower Verde region and adjacent

areas of desert Arizona (Ciolek-Torrello et al. 1992). It is

necessary to understand exchange, as one component of the

larger economic system, to comprehend social and economic

organization (Bishop et al. 1982; Fry 1980; Plog 1986; Renfrew

1975; Weigand et al. 1977). One primary research question of the LVAP ceramic research concerned identifying the

origins of ceramics; determining the kinds of pottery that

were produced locally and those that were made elsewhere;

assessing the direction, volume, and mechanisms of exchange,

and discovering if change through time in ceramic

exchange was evident (Ciolek-Torrello et al. 1992).

In this attached report, the authors focus on the methodological aspects of

ICPS as a technique for assessing ceramic composition. They

are concerned with comparing the two different techniques—

weak-acid extraction and total dissolution—and

the results each method produces using the same data set.

After describing our methods, the techniques are contrasted

from two perspectives: (1) the effects of refiring on elemental

concentrations, and (2) comparison of cluster membership

achieved by using the two extraction techniques. The authors conclude

with a brief discussion of the archaeological implications

of the study.

Cite this Record

Vanishing River: Attached Report: A Comparison of Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy Extraction Techniques. Barbara K.. Montgomery, Stephanie M. Whittlesey. In Vanishing River: Landscapes and Lives of the Lower Verde Valley: The Lower Verde Archaeological Project. Pp. 1-14. Tucson, AZ: Statistical Research, Inc. Press (Tucson, AZ). 1997 ( tDAR id: 372156) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8HQ3XSH

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.845; min lat: 33.804 ; max long: -111.591; max lat: 34.082 ;

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