An Archaeological Survey of the Salt-Gila Aqueduct

Author(s): Mark Grady

Year: 1973


The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) directed the Arizona State Museum to conduct a cultural resources survey of the Salt-Gila (Fannin-McFarland) Aqueduct as part of its environmental assessment of the impacts of the proposed Central Arizona Project.

Twenty-two archaeological sites and two major areas of cultural activity were identified during the survey. Of these sites, 19 were recommended for further investigation and 5 were suggested for clearance (not eligible for the NRHP). The majority of the sites in the project area are prehistoric and are associated with the Hohokam archaeological culture. Only two historical-period sites were identified. The prehistoric sites were categorized according to site function as (1) long-term multiple activity sites, (2) short-term limited activity sites, (3) temporary activity sites, and (4) lithic activity sites. Long term multiple use sites are the largest in size and range from Colonial to Classic period (A.D. 500-1400) in age. The majority of the other sites also date to the Hohokam occupation, however, there were used for shorter periods of time.

Cite this Record

An Archaeological Survey of the Salt-Gila Aqueduct. Mark Grady. Tucson, AZ: Arizona State Museum. 1973 ( tDAR id: 191011) ; doi:10.6067/XCV88C9Z42


Anglo Archaic Euroamerican Historic Hohokam Salado Yavapai

Basalt Black-on-Whiteware Bone Brass Brownware Buffware Building Materials Cardium sp. Casa Grande Red-on-Buffware Ceramic Chalcedony Chert Chipped Stone Concrete Fine Grained Basalt Fire Cracked Rock Gabbro Gila Butte Red-on-Buffware Gila Plainware Gila Polychrome Ware Gila Redware Glass Glycymeris sp. Ground Stone Human Remains Jasper Lower Colorado Buffware Metal Metamorphic Rock Mica Mineral Obsidian Plainware Polychrome Ware Quartz Quartzite Red-on-Brownware Red-on-Buffware Redware Rhyolite Rincon Red-on-Brownware Roosevelt Black-on-Whiteware Sacaton Red-on-Buffware Salado Redware Salt Redware San Carlos Brownware Sand Sandstone Santa Cruz Red-on-Buffware Schist Shell Silica Silicate Snaketown Red-on-Buffware Tanque Verde Red-on-Brownware Tonto Polychrome Ware Vesicular Basalt Volcanic Rock Whiteware Wingfield Plainware Wood Show More

Site Name
AZ AA:3:10(ASM) AZ AA:3:11(ASM) AZ AA:3:12(ASM) AZ AA:3:5(ASM) AZ AA:3:9(ASM) AZ AA:7:21(ASM) AZ AA:7:22(ASM) AZ U:10:10(ASM) AZ U:10:11(ASM) AZ U:10:3(ASM) AZ U:10:4(ASM) AZ U:10:5(ASM) AZ U:10:6(ASM) AZ U:10:7(ASM) AZ U:10:8(ASM) AZ U:10:9(ASM) AZ U:14:44(ASM) AZ U:15:14(ASM) AZ U:15:16(ASM) AZ U:15:17(ASM) AZ U:15:19(ASM) AZ U:6:77(ASM)

Site Type
Agricultural or Herding Airstrip Ancient Structure Archaeological Feature Artifact Scatter Campsite Circular Depression Cobble Outline Concrete Trough Conrete Foundation Cooking Pit Corral Depression Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Encampment Fence Foundation Hearth Historic Structure House House Foundation Isolated Artifact Isolated Feature Latrine Lithic Scatter Metamorphin Rock Cluster Midden Oven Pit Pit House / Earth Lodge Pit House Depression Platform Mound Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Road Road, Trail, and Related Structures or Features Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Rock Alignment Rock Cluster Rock Concentration Rock Outline Settlements Sherd Scatter Structure Trash Area Trash Heap Trash Midden Trash Mound Volcanic Rock Cluster Water Control Feature Watering Trough Well Wire Fence Show More

Investigation Types
Site Evaluation / Testing

Basalt Biface Basalt Chopper Basalt Flake Basalt Hammerstone Basalt Knife Basalt Metate Basalt Milling Equipment Basalt Milling Implement Basalt Projectile Point Basalt Ring Basalt Tool Basin Metate Bifacial Chopper Bifacial Core Blade Bone (Human) Bracelet Brass Wedge Brick Car Wheel Central Arizona Project Chalcedony Core Chalcedony Debitage Chalcedony Flake Chalcedony Projectile Point Chert Blade Chopper Cinder Block Clothes Cobble Biface Cobble Mano Core Tool Debitage Flake Glycymeris Bracelet Hammerstone Jar Jasper Biface Jasper Flake Jasper Projectile Point Knife Mano Marana Pumping Plant Medicine Bottle Mescal Knife Metate Milling Equipment Milling implement Nail Nodule Plainware Vessel Preserve Jar Printed Matter Projectile Point Quartz Flake Quartzite Flake Quartzite Mano Rhyolite Core Rhyolite Flake Rhyolite Projectile Point Ring Sandstone Mano Scraping Implement Shell (Cardium sp.) Shell Bracelet Silica Flake Silicate Flake Slab Metate U. S. Army Vessel Wheel Window Glass Window Wedge Wooden Framing Wooden Wheel Show More

Geographic Keywords
04013 (Fips Code) 04021 (Fips Code) Apache Junction, AZ Arizona (State / Territory) Basin and Range Province Florence, AZ Florence-Casa Grande Canal Gila River Marana, AZ Maricopa (County) McDowell Mountains Orme Dam Picacho Mountains Picacho Reservoir Pinal (County) Queen Creek Salt-Gila Aqueduct Salt River Siphon Wash Usery Mountains

Temporal Keywords
1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 19th Century 20th Century Classic Period Colonial Period Gila Butte Phase Historic Pioneer Period Prehistoric Sedentary Period World War II

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.597; min lat: 32.417 ; max long: -111.165; max lat: 33.588 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Contributor(s): R. Gwinn Vivian; Sandra Kemrer; Sandra Schultz; William Dodge; Alfred E. Dittert, Jr., Dr.; Minabelle Laughlin; Stephanie Argeros; Gayle Hartmann; Glenn Miller; Shirley Pettengill; Barry Richards; Charles Sternberg; Sharon Urban; Donald Wood

Sponsor(s): U. S. Bureau of Reclamation

Repository(s): Huhugam Heritage Center

Prepared By(s): Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona

Record Identifiers

NADB Citation ID No.(s): 000000012329, 000000167020

NPS Contract No.(s): 494OP2O862

NADB Document ID No.(s): 1000335, 2202916


General Note: A duplicate of this NADB citation was also on tDAR as tDAR ID 77254. It has since been removed.The copies from which the NADB citations were made can be found at NPS (WR-RR), 600 Harrison St, San Francisco, CA 94107 and Bureau of Reclamation, Box 25007, Denver CO 80255.

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
CCRS-1973-001-An-Archaeological-Survey-of-the-Salt-Gila-Aquedu... 3.05mb Mar 19, 1973 May 31, 2016 3:19:05 PM Confidential
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Contact(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office