Tucson Basin (Geographic Keyword)

Tucson, Basin , Tucson Basin, Arizona

1-25 (256 Records)

Additional Archaeological and Historical Research in the Tucson Presidio, Historic Block 181, Tucson, Pima County, Arizona (2008)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

Archaeological fieldwork was conducted on Block 181, in the historic heart of downtown Tucson, at various times between 2003 and 2006. Work took place before and during the stabilization and restoration of the historic Siqueiros-Jácome House, built in the 1860s and 1870s. Work was also conducted in the backyard of the house and beneath an adjacent parking lot, once the location of the Dodge Boarding House (circa 1898-1954). Hundreds of features were located. Noteworthy were several Early...


Ancient Hohokam Communities in Southern Arizona: The Coyote Mountains Archaeological District in the Alter Valley (1990)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Allen Dart. James P. Holmlund. Henry D. Wallace.

The greater Coyote Mountains archaeological district identified in this volume is located at the north end of the Altar Valley of Arizona and includes an extensive and varied complex of archaeological sites and features. These cultural materials are believed to represent the remains of one or more large, early-to-late Classic period (A D . 1150-1450) communities focused on at least 10 walled compounds-open spaces enclosed by adobe or masonry walls--interpreted as residential areas. Associated...


The Anthropogenic Landscape of Las Capas, an Early Agricultural Irrigation Community in Southern Arizona (2015)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

Las Capas, AZ AA:12:111 (ASM), so named for its deeply stratified deposits, dates primarily to the San Pedro phase of the Early Agricultural period, circa 1200-800 B.C. Later, more sporadic occupation of the site extends from the Cienega phase (800 B.C.-A.D. 50) through the Hohokam sequence and the Protohistoric period. Occupation prior to approximately 2100 B.C. is suggested by several radiocarbon dates on maize found redeposited in younger contexts. Recent excavations at the site and its...


Archaeological Data Recovery at a Portion of AZ AA:12:674(ASM), an Early Classic Period Site in Marana, Pima County, Arizona (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jennifer M. Levstik. Stephanie M. Whittlesey.

SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted archaeological testing (as Phase I data recovery) and Phase II data recovery at a small portion of a prehistoric site, AZ AA:12:674 (ASM), located in Marana, Pima County, Arizona. Archaeological data recovery was mandated under the Town of Marana’s ordinances protecting heritage resources. This report provides the methods and results of Phase I and II data recovery, the analysis of recovered materials, and our interpretations. Prior to fieldwork,...


Archaeological Data Recovery at AZ EE:1:224, :225, And :226 (ASM), Rancho Sahuarita, Town of Sahuarita, Arizona (2000)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Gavin H. Archer.

Archaeological data recovery fieldwork at Rancho Sahuarita sites AZ EE: 1:224, 225, and 226 (ASM) was completed on May 3, 2000. The fieldwork and subsequent analysis followed the Archaeological Research Guidelines (ARG) approved by the Town of Sahuarita (WestLand Resources and SWCA 1998). The guidelines provide a culture history and research design, and field and analytic methods. Sites 224, 225, and 226 are three of a cluster of late pre-Classic Hohokam sites located along the west side of the...


Archaeological Data Recovery at AZ EE:1:301 (ASM), Town of Sahuarita, Pima County, Arizona (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text David B. Tucker.

Between May 28 and June 6, 2008, SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted Phase II archaeological data recovery at AZ EE:1:301 (ASM) on the Sahuarita Duval property in the Town of Sahuarita, Pima County, Arizona. The project was conducted through a contractual agreement with Sahuarita Plaza Investors, LLC, in anticipation of proposed commercial development. Prior to any development on the privately owned property, it was necessary for Sahuarita Plaza Investors, LLC, to comply with...


Archaeological Data Recovery at the Sunset Mesa Ruin (AZ AA:12:10 ASM) (1998)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Deborah L. Swartz. Jenny L. Adams.

Phase 1 Data Recovery was conducted at the Sunset Mesa Ruin, AZ AA:12:10 (ASM), to evaluate the archaeological resources that will be impacted by the gravel mining operations of Tucson Ready Mix, Inc. The information gathered from the excavated backhoe trenches, added to previous archaeological investigations at the site, has identified several loci where prehistoric and historic or modern features cluster. Two areas were also identified that may be cremation cemeteries. The historic features...


Archaeological Data Recovery at the Tortolita Vistas Site, AZ AA:12:271 (ASM): A Hohokam Fieldhouse in Marana, Pima County, Arizona (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Deborah Swartz.

Archaeological data recovery was conducted at the Tortolita Vistas site, AZ AA:12:271 (ASM), prior to construction of a housing development in Marana by Cottonwood Properties. This fieldhouse site is situated on the upper bajada of the Tortolita Mountains. A single pit structure and five extramural features were discovered and completely excavated: 2 roasting pits, 2 small extramural pits, and 1 trash concentration. No human remains were found. Ceramic analysis dates the site occupation to...


Archaeological Data Recovery for the Paseo de las Iglesias Project, Tucson, Pima County, Arizona (2016)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Michael W. Lindeman.

The Paseo de las Iglesias (Paseo) project provided a unique opportunity to examine the riverine landscape and its role in the lives of millennia of inhabitants of the Tucson Basin, from Early Agricultural period farmers to late Historic era farmers and entrepreneurs. Questions about how people utilized the riverine landscape guided the project research presented here. The Paseo project area is centered on the Santa Cruz River, extending from the banks of the current entrenched channel to the...


Archaeological Data Recovery of Bajada Rock Features for the Los Reales Landfill Expansion Project (1996)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Andrea K. L. Freeman.

At the request of the City of Tucson, Desert Archaeology, Inc., conducted data recovery of archaeological resources on a parcel of Arizona State Trust land south of the Los Reales Landfill. Data recovery was recommended by Desert Archaeology on the basis of a survey conducted in October of 1994. A data recovery plan was submitted to the City of Tucson in August of 1995, and data recovery investigations were conducted on October 23-24,1995. These investigations consisted of excavation of 1-m by...


Archaeological Data Recovery Plan for Site AZ AA:12:130 (ASM), for the Effluent Pipe Outfall Realignment, Pima County, Arizona (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: system user

Archaeologists from SWCA, Inc., Environmental Consultants, conducted test excavation of site AZ AA:12:130 (ASM) in November 1996. Part of the site will be affected by an effluent pipe outfall that is being installed by Pima County Waste Water Management. Four features were identified during the testing phase and upon consultation with the Pima County Archaeologist, Ms. Linda Mayro, it was decided that the four features in the project right-of-way should be excavated.


Archaeological Data Recovery Project at the West Branch Site, AZ AA:16:3 (ASM) (2019)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Allen Dart. Deborah L. Swartz.

The excavations at the West Branch site, AZ AA:16:3 (ASM), were conducted for the City of Tucson Water Department prior to the replacement of a water line. Twenty-two archaeological features were recorded in the narrow right-of-way. All were excavated or tested except one of the trash deposits recorded in a backhoe trench, and a human secondary cremation that was identified during the excavations and left in place. The other features include remnants of eight pithouses, one possible pithouse,...


Archaeological Excavations at a Small Portion of the Zanardelli Site, AZ BB:13:1 (ASM), in the Southern Tucson Basin: Phase 2 Data Recovery along Tucson Water's Alternate Route 2, Nogales Highway (U.S. 89), Pima County, Arizona (2017)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Mark D. Elson. Deborah L. Swartz.

The Zanardelli site, AZ BB:13:1 (ASM), is a large, Classic period (A.D. 1150-1450) Hohokam platform mound village situated in the southern Tucson Basin. The site has been known to the archaeological community since 1929. Since that time, portions of it have undergone archaeological survey and excavation. To date, including the current project, archaeological investigations have identified 154 prehistoric cultural features at the site. Recovered feature types include: 2 pithouses, 19 adobe-walled...


Archaeological Excavations at AZ BB:9:144 (ASM): A Limited-Use Site in the Northern Tucson Basin, Pima County, Arizona (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Mark Slaughter. David A. Phillips, Jr..

On October 11, 1992, archaeologists from PAST conducted an archaeological survey of the Encanto II property, Pima County, Arizona, for Pulte Home Corporation (Stephen 1992). The property consisted of two parcels. The first parcel, consists of about 4 ha (10 acres). The second parcel, consists of about 8 ha (20 acres). Land ownership is private. The survey by PAST located two areas of cultural resources; these were labeled Locality A and Locality B. Locality A consisted of four possible rock...


Archaeological Excavations at Nine Sites Near the Mouth of Pima Canyon, Tucson, Arizona (1996)
DOCUMENT Full-Text David P. Doak.

In the fall of 1995, archaeological test excavations were conducted on nine archaeological sites near the mouth of Pima Canyon, north of Tucson, Arizona. The operation involved the excavation of approximately 200 1 x 1 m test units. This was intended not only to test the sites in question, but also to mitigate impending damages to as many of those sites as possible, so that further archaeological work would not have to be done. In the case of seven of these sites, the level of mitigation...


Archaeological Excavations at the Zanardelli Site, AZ BB:13:1 (ASM) (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

In this report, the results of archaeological data recovery at the Zanardelli site, AZ BB:13:1 (ASM), south of Tucson, Pima County, Arizona, are detailed. The archaeological work was done in advance of a City of Tucson water project. Observations recorded by A. V. Kidder on a 1934 site card note that a great house with small mounds in close association were present at Zanardelli. Kidder also noted that the site was "Cut through by highway and mostly destroyed." While little evidence of the adobe...


Archaeological Excavations at Valencia Vieja: Appendices and Supplemental Data. (2003)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

Between 1997 and 1999, archaeological investigations at several sites along the Santa Cruz River in Tucson, Arizona, resulted in the collection of pottery from a wide variety of temporal contexts in a relatively limited geographic area. The analyses of these ceramics culminated in a selection of sherds from multiple sites for petrographic analyses. The result is four petrographic data sets with overlapping analytical requirements. In order of their temporal contexts, they are: (1) Tortolita...


Archaeological Excavations of the Hooper Warehouse, the Tucson Sampling Works, and the Southern Pacific Railroad Clubhouse, Historic Block 95, Tucson, Pima County, Arizona (2010)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

The results of archaeological testing and data recovery to mitigate the impacts of construction associated with the Plaza Centro project, a private development with support from the City of Tucson, are presented in this report. A survey and archival study (Diehl 2005) indicated that Historic Block 95, AZ BB:13:809 (ASM), once contained the Southern Pacific Employees Club, a facility built and used in the early twentieth century, as well as other buildings. Archaeological testing was recommended...


Archaeological Investigations and Data Recovery at Historic Block 83, Tucson, Pima County, Arizona (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

The arrival of the Southern Pacific Railroad in Tucson on 20 March 1880, dramatically changed the community. Historic Block 83 was located across the street from the railroad depot and developed rapidly in response to the sudden influx of departing or arriving travelers. Boarding houses, a hotel, saloons, restaurants, barber shops, a pool hall, a Chinese laundry, and several small stores were among the businesses that catered to these people. The southeastern corner of the block was associated...


Archaeological Investigations at a Portion of the Julian Wash Site, AZ BB:13:17 (ASM), Pima County, Arizona (2008)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

Archaeological work was conducted in April and May of 2004, at a portion of the Julian Wash site, AZ BB:13:17 (ASM), located in Tucson, Pima County, Arizona, prior to construction of a drainage system. Previous excavations by Desert Archaeology, Inc., and Statistical Research, Inc., identified several loci of this large prehistoric Hohokam site.The new project area was between these loci in an area that once lay beneath an embankment of Interstate 19 (I-19). The removal of this embankment and...


Archaeological Investigations at AZ AA:12:16 (ASM), the EK Ranch Site, Pima County, Arizona (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text David A. Gregory. James M. Heidke. J. Homer Thiel. Jennifer A. Waters.

In November 1997, Desert Archaeology, Inc., conducted archaeological testing along a portion of AZ AA:12:16 (ASM). According to the Arizona State Museum site card, this Hohokam site was originally recorded by Mitalsky, in 1937. Mitalsky found Hohokam pottery, cremated human bone, and ground stone scattered along the embankments and in adjacent cotton fields. In the years since the site card was filled out, this area has been extensively developed, with little additional archaeological work. ...


Archaeological Investigations at AZ AA:8:350 (ASM) and AZ AA:8:351 (ASM), Along State Route 79, Pinal County, Arizona (2016)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Deborah L. Swartz.

Archaeological investigations were conducted along State Route 79 northwest of Oracle, Arizona, prior to rebuilding the Coronado Wash Bridge by the Arizona Department of Transportation. Desert Archaeology subcontracted with AZTEC Engineering to perform the investigations. Two sites were included in this project, AZ AA:8:350 (ASM) and AZ AA:8:351 (ASM), the Coronado Wash site. AZ AA:8:350 (ASM) was tested for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places (National Register) and is not...


Archaeological Investigations at AZ BB:13:756 (ASM) and AZ BB:13:757 (ASM), Historic Block 185, Tucson, Pima County, Arizona (2008)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

Archaeological data recovery on Historic Block 185 documented features from two subsurface archaeological sites, AZ BB:13:756 (ASM) and AZ BB:13:757 (ASM). BB:13:756 included soil mining pits, where material to manufacture adobe bricks for the Tucson Presidio was collected, and the foundations of twentieth century dwellings. BB:13:757 consisted of portions of two canals, one dating to the Prehistoric era and one filled with Territorial-era trash. These resources were determined to be...


Archaeological Investigations at AZ BB:9:7 (ASM) and at AZ BB:9:391 (ASM), Tucson, Pima County, Arizona (2006)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: Rachel Fernandez

Results of archaeological investigations at two sites, AZ BB:9:391 (ASM) and AZ BB:9:7 (ASM), are detailed in this report. The work at BB:9:391 was requested by the Ronald McDonald House Charities of Southern Arizona prior to construction of a Ronald McDonald House along Allen Road. The work at BB:9:7 was requested by the University Medical Center (UMC) prior to construction of the University Medical Center North. Both sites are located on the grounds of the former Tucson General Hospital,...


Archaeological Investigations at AZ EE:1:141 (ASM), Rancho Sahuarita, Town of Sahuarita, Arizona (2004)
DOCUMENT Full-Text S. Jerome Hesse.

Archaeological investigations were conducted at AZ EE: 1:141 (ASM) (Site 141), one of several Hohokam sites in and near the Rancho Sahuarita Block Plat, in January 2003. The site was a Rincon phase habitation site with pit houses, mortuary, extramural storage, and other remains. A total of 16 features were identified. Located just east of the Santa Cruz River floodplain, the site was probably a farmstead, which was part of a larger, dispersed settlement. The testing and data recovery operations...