Tucson Basin (Geographic Keyword)

1-22 (22 Records)

Archaeological Survey in Catalina State Park with a Focus on the Romero Ruin (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Mark D. Elson. William H. Doelle.

Catalina State Park is situated approximately 22 km (14 miles) north of Tucson, Arizona. Within this beautiful and pristine desert area lie a large number of relatively undisturbed archaeological sites. The park has witnessed a long and varied history. Sometime after 5000 B.C. Archaic period hunters and gatherers first roamed through the park area in their search for game and edible plants. During the following Hohokam period the park area was intensively occupied. A wide range of sites are...


Archaeological Testing at the Romero Ruin: Part 2 (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Deborah L. Swartz.

Limited archaeological testing was conducted at the Romero Ruin, AZ BB:9:1 (ASM), during the spring of 1993 by archaeologists from the Center for Desert Archaeology. The site is a large prehistoric Hohokam village with an overlying historic component, located in Catalina State Park approximately 10 miles north of Tucson, Arizona. The purpose of the testing program was threefold: 1) to expose archaeological features along the interpretive trail prior to the features' being stabilized, 2) to...


Archaeology in the Distribution Division of the Central Arizona Project: Thoughts on the History of the Hohokam Culture of Southern Arizona and on the Practice of Archaeology in the 1990s (1995)
DOCUMENT Full-Text William S. Marmaduke. Kathleen T. Henderson.

Underwritten by the Bureau of Reclamation, Northland Research archaeologists surveyed more than 7,450 hectares (18,410 acres) of southern Arizona. Two hundred four archaeological sites were recorded. Some sites, but not many, were historic in age; a few were Archaic, from the era before ceramics and sedentary agriculture in the Southwestern lowlands. The majority were from the intervening Hohokam cultural sequence. We learned from these sites that the prehistory of southern Arizona is, at one...


Archaeomagnetic Dates and the Hohokam Phase Sequence (1988)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jeffrey Eighmy. Randall H. McGuire.

Few things in Southwestern archaeology are so widely and hotly contested as the Hohokam phase sequence and chronology. Presently, no fewer than 12 different Hohokam chronologies exist and more appear to be under production. Disputes concerning the Hohokam chronology involve not only the dating of phases but also, even more basically, challenges to the integrity of the phase definitions. In the last decade, controversy has focused on three aspects of the chronology; (1) the validity and ordering...


A Block Clustering Approach to the Definition of Site Classes: San Xavier Archaeological Project (1985)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jeffrey H. Altschul. Martin R. Rose.

The San Xavier Archaeological Project conducted an intensive survey of more than 18 square miles in the southern portion of the Tucson Basin. In all, 150 sites were recorded, of which 147 dated at least in part to either the prehistoric or protohistoric periods. One of the primary goals of the project was to determine the types of sites located in the project area and to examine the relationships between the various site types. Traditionally, archaeologists define site types from surface data on...


The Central Arizona Project Historic Preservation Program: Conserving the Past While Building for the Future (1986)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Bureau of Reclamation, Lower Colorado Region.

On July 15, 1983, the chairman of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) ratified a programmatic memorandum of agreement among the Arizona and New Mexico State Historic Preservation Officers (SHPOs), the Bureau of Reclamation, and the ACHP. The subject of that agreement was the construction of the Central Arizona Project (CAP) and its impact upon historic properties. That agreement was negotiated in compliance with Section 2(b) of Executive Order 11593, "Protection and Enhancement...


Craft Specialization in the Southern Tucson Basin: Archaeological Excavations at the Julian Wash Site, AZ BB:13:17 (ASM), Part 1: Introduction, Excavation Results, and Artifact Investigations (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

Results of large-scale excavations conducted by Desert Archaeology, Inc., personnel in 2000, at the Julian Wash site, AZ BB:13:17 (ASM), are reported in two volumes. Data recovery focused on portions of the site that were to be directly impacted by construction of the new highway interchange, while portions of the site not impacted were set aside as preserves later incorporated into a regional park. Excavations focused on four areas with concentrations of prehistoric cultural features. The...


Craft Specialization in the Southern Tucson Basin: Archaeological Excavations at the Julian Wash Site, AZ BB:13:17 (ASM), Part 2: Synthetic Studies (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

Results of large-scale excavations conducted by Desert Archaeology, Inc., personnel in 2000, at the Julian Wash site, AZ BB:13:17 (ASM), are reported in two volumes. Data recovery focused on portions of the site that were to be directly impacted by construction of the new highway interchange, while portions of the site not impacted were set aside as preserves later incorporated into a regional park. Excavations focused on four areas with concentrations of prehistoric cultural features. The...


Cultural Resources Inventory of Eight Titan Missile Silos in the Greater Tucson Area, Pima County, Arizona (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jeffrey H. Altschul. Steven D. Shelley.

A cultural resources inventory of eight de-activated Titan Missile silos was conducted by Statistical Research at the request of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Los Angeles District. The missile silos were dispersed throughout the greater Tucson area. Each silo consisted of approximately 10 acres. Only one silo, silo 13, contained any evidence of cultural resources. Silo 13, located at the northern end of the Avra Valley, is situated on a narrow ridge overlooking the Brawley Wash floodplain....


Distance in Space and Time: Issues with a Mortuary Database of the First Farmers in the Southern Southwest (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text James Watson.

This paper describes issues associated with the construction of a biocultural database from samples of the earliest farmers from the southern Southwest and northwest Mexico. Currently over a dozen archaeological sites dating to the Early Agricultural period (circa 1,600 B.C.-A.D. 150) have produced a large sample of mortuary features (n = 431). These samples, and thereby the data, face unique challenges in interpretation compared to similar large data sets in that the materials (sites, features,...


Down by the River: Archaeological and Historical Studies of the Leon Family Farmstead (2005)
DOCUMENT Full-Text J. Homer Thiel.

A brief cultural background of the Tucson Basin and a set of research questions that guided work at BB:13:157 and BB:13:505 have been presented in Chapter 1. The work at prehistoric sites is presented in Chapter 2, while Chapter 3 chronicles the history of the Leon family and their property. Excavations at the Leon farmstead and the adjacent historic period canal are described in Chapter 4. The historic-period artifacts recovered from the Leon farmstead are examined in Chapter 5. Chapter 6...


An Examination of the Relationship Between Data Recording Strategies and Intrasite Spatial Analysis: San Xavier Archaeological Project (1985)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jeffrey H. Altschul. Martin R. Rose.

During the course of the San Xavier Archaeological Project over 18 square miles in the southern Tucson Basin were intensively surveyed. This work resulted in the recording of 150 sites, of which 147 contained components dated to either the prehistoric or protohistoric periods. In a previous study (Altschul and Rose, Statistical Research Technical Series 3) block cluster analysis was used to derive a site classification. Each site with a prehistoric and/or protohistoric component was classified...


Las Capas: Early Irrigation and Sedentism in a Southwestern Floodplain (2008)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Uploaded by: adam brin

In 1998, Desert Archaeology, Inc., personnel conducted archaeological data recovery fieldwork at the request of the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) for a redesigned on-ramp to the Interstate 10 (I-10) highway in the western Tucson Basin, southern Arizona. The investigated areas were within the boundaries of Las Capas, AZ AA:12:111 (ASM), a 50-hectare (123-acre) stratified site buried in the former floodplain of the Santa Cruz River. Radiocarbon dates from 46 samples of maize and...


The Lower Verde Archaeological Project
PROJECT Jeffrey A. Homburg. Richard Ciolek-Torrello. Jeffrey H. Altschul. Stephanie M. Whittlesey. Steven D. Shelley. USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

The Lower Verde Archaeological Project (LVAP) was a four-year data recovery project conducted by Statistical Research, Inc. (SRI) in the lower Verde River region of central Arizona. The project was designed to mitigate any adverse effects to cultural resources from modifications to Horseshoe and Bartlett Dams. The Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Arizona Project’s Office sponsored the research program in compliance with historic preservation legislation. The LVAP’s...


A Research Design for Tucson Aqueduct, Phase B Data Recovery (1986)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jon S. Czaplicki. John C. Ravesloot. Lynn S. Teague.

In 1985, the Bureau of Reclamation directed the Cultural Resource Management Division of the Arizona State Museum to develop a research design for data recovery at 15 selected archaeological sites along the Phase B alignment of the Tucson Aqueduct portion of the Central Arizona Project. Phase B included Reaches 4, 5, and 6 of the alignment. The sample included five Hohokam settlement sites: Fastimes (AZ AA:12:384 [ASM]), Waterworld (AZ AA:16:94[ASM]), AZ AA:16:97(ASM), AA:16:104(ASM), and...


Southwest Mortuary Database Project: 2011 SAA E-Session: Mortuary Practices in the American Southwest: Meta-Data Issues in the Development of a Regional Database
PROJECT Gordon Rakita. M Scott Thompson.

The study of prehistoric mortuary practices in the American Southwest is undergoing tremendous change in the new millennium. The challenges (and opportunities) of NAGPRA implementation, declines in the number of large samples being excavated, and loss of data from previously excavated samples have altered mortuary archaeology in the region. Given this state of affairs, the development of an integrated regional database of prehistoric mortuary practices is imperative. This session at the 76th...


A Supplemental Class III Archaeological Survey of the Phase A, Reach 3 Corridor, Tucson Aqueduct, Central Arizona Project: Late Sedentary and Early Classic Period Tucson Basin Hohokam Occupation in the Lower Santa Cruz River Basin, Marana to Rillito, Arizona (1984)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jon S. Czaplicki. Adrianne G. Rankin.

Approximately 600 acres of additional right-of-way in Reach 3 were surveyed in late 1983 and early 1984. Fourteen new sites were identified, of which nine received ASM site numbers. The remaining five sites were not given an ASM site number, but merit reevaluation for assignment of a site number. This supplemental survey has altered considerably an earlier view of prehistoric occupation in Reach 3 that resulted from the original 1982 survey of the reach. Reach 3 now appears to pass through a...


The Tucson Aqueduct and Archaeology: The Central Arizona Project and Hohokam Prehistory (1986)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Arizona State Museum, Tuscon, AZ.

The Tucson Aqueduct is the final seg­ment of the Bureau of Reclamation’s Central Arizona Project (CAP). This 330-mile-long aqueduct system will deliver water from the Colorado River to central and southern Arizona to alleviate a continuing ground-water overdraft crisis and to provide water for municipal, industrial, and agri­cultural use. Phase B is the second and last leg of the Tucson Aqueduct. It begins just north of Tucson near Marana and winds its way south through the Avra Valley to the...


Tucson Aqueduct Project Phase B
PROJECT Lynn S. Teague. Jon Czaplicki. John C. Ravesloot. USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

The Tucson Aqueduct Phase B Project represents the first substantial archaeological investigations and excavations to be conducted in the Avra Valley. Prior to the 1983 intensive survey of the Phase B alignment by archaeologists from the Arizona State Museum, archaeological investigation of the Avra Valley had been limited primarily to occasional clearance surveys and test excavations. The identification of 47 prehistoric sites during the 1983 survey (Downum and others 1986) and the...


Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 15: Re-Thinking the Core-Periphery Model of the Pre-Classic Period Hohokam (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Stephanie M. Whittlesey.

In Chapter 15, Whittlesey reviews the Hohokam core-periphery model in light of the new data generated by the LVAP. She begins with a description of the intellectual history and the key concepts of the Hohokam core-periphery model and the Hohokam regional system model. She then examines the utility of the core-periphery model for explaining current data on Hohokam prehistory. After reviewing the distribution of several quintessential Hohokam traits among sites in the “core” and in the...


Watson_Early Ag Period in the Sonoran Desert_Mortuary and Biological Data (2011)
DATASET James Watson.

In this data set, Watson presents mortuary and biological data for a sample (n = 431) of Early Agriculural period (1,600 B.C - 150 A.D.) burial features excavated at 12 archaeological sites in southeastern Arizona and northern Sonora, Mexico. Variables include age, sex, body position, body orientation, material accompaniments, trauma, and several paleopathological conditions.


Working Hypotheses for the Study of Hohokam Community Complexes (1986)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Glen Rice.

Over the course of the last seven to ten years, archaeologists working in different parts of the south central desert of Arizona have begun the documentation of Community Complexes. This is a general term for a range of phenomena which lie somewhere on the scale between community patterns and settlement patterns. This is a discussion of settlement structure rather than style, and not all researchers will be comfortable with this orientation. I readily violate and ignore many long standing...