Tucson Basin (Geographic Keyword)

1-15 (15 Records)

Archaeological Survey in Catalina State Park with a Focus on the Romero Ruin (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Mark D. Elson. William H. Doelle.

Catalina State Park is situated approximately 22 km (14 miles) north of Tucson, Arizona. Within this beautiful and pristine desert area lie a large number of relatively undisturbed archaeological sites. The park has witnessed a long and varied history. Sometime after 5000 B.C. Archaic period hunters and gatherers first roamed through the park area in their search for game and edible plants. During the following Hohokam period the park area was intensively occupied. A wide range of sites are...


Archaeological Testing at the Romero Ruin: Part 2 (1993)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Deborah L. Swartz.

Limited archaeological testing was conducted at the Romero Ruin, AZ BB:9:1 (ASM), during the spring of 1993 by archaeologists from the Center for Desert Archaeology. The site is a large prehistoric Hohokam village with an overlying historic component, located in Catalina State Park approximately 10 miles north of Tucson, Arizona. The purpose of the testing program was threefold: 1) to expose archaeological features along the interpretive trail prior to the features' being stabilized, 2) to...


Archaeology in the Distribution Division of the Central Arizona Project: Thoughts on the History of the Hohokam Culture of Southern Arizona and on the Practice of Archaeology in the 1990s (1995)
DOCUMENT Full-Text William S. Marmaduke. Kathleen T. Henderson.

Underwritten by the Bureau of Reclamation, Northland Research archaeologists surveyed more than 7,450 hectares (18,410 acres) of southern Arizona. Two hundred four archaeological sites were recorded. Some sites, but not many, were historic in age; a few were Archaic, from the era before ceramics and sedentary agriculture in the Southwestern lowlands. The majority were from the intervening Hohokam cultural sequence. We learned from these sites that the prehistory of southern Arizona is, at one...


Archaeomagnetic Dates and the Hohokam Phase Sequence (1988)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jeffrey Eighmy. Randall H. McGuire.

Few things in Southwestern archaeology are so widely and hotly contested as the Hohokam phase sequence and chronology. Presently, no fewer than 12 different Hohokam chronologies exist and more appear to be under production. Disputes concerning the Hohokam chronology involve not only the dating of phases but also, even more basically, challenges to the integrity of the phase definitions. In the last decade, controversy has focused on three aspects of the chronology; (1) the validity and ordering...


A Block Clustering Approach to the Definition of Site Classes: San Xavier Archaeological Project (1985)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jeffrey H. Altschul. Martin R. Rose.

The San Xavier Archaeological Project conducted an intensive survey of more than 18 square miles in the southern portion of the Tucson Basin. In all, 150 sites were recorded, of which 147 dated at least in part to either the prehistoric or protohistoric periods. One of the primary goals of the project was to determine the types of sites located in the project area and to examine the relationships between the various site types. Traditionally, archaeologists define site types from surface data on...


The Central Arizona Project Historic Preservation Program: Conserving the Past While Building for the Future (1986)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Bureau of Reclamation, Lower Colorado Region.

On July 15, 1983, the chairman of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) ratified a programmatic memorandum of agreement among the Arizona and New Mexico State Historic Preservation Officers (SHPOs), the Bureau of Reclamation, and the ACHP. The subject of that agreement was the construction of the Central Arizona Project (CAP) and its impact upon historic properties. That agreement was negotiated in compliance with Section 2(b) of Executive Order 11593, "Protection and Enhancement...


Cultural Resources Inventory of Eight Titan Missile Silos in the Greater Tucson Area, Pima County, Arizona (1987)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jeffrey H. Altschul. Steven D. Shelley.

A cultural resources inventory of eight de-activated Titan Missile silos was conducted by Statistical Research at the request of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Los Angeles District. The missile silos were dispersed throughout the greater Tucson area. Each silo consisted of approximately 10 acres. Only one silo, silo 13, contained any evidence of cultural resources. Silo 13, located at the northern end of the Avra Valley, is situated on a narrow ridge overlooking the Brawley Wash floodplain....


Distance in Space and Time: Issues with a Mortuary Database of the First Farmers in the Southern Southwest (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text James Watson.

This paper describes issues associated with the construction of a biocultural database from samples of the earliest farmers from the southern Southwest and northwest Mexico. Currently over a dozen archaeological sites dating to the Early Agricultural period (circa 1,600 B.C.-A.D. 150) have produced a large sample of mortuary features (n = 431). These samples, and thereby the data, face unique challenges in interpretation compared to similar large data sets in that the materials (sites, features,...


An Examination of the Relationship Between Data Recording Strategies and Intrasite Spatial Analysis: San Xavier Archaeological Project (1985)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jeffrey H. Altschul. Martin R. Rose.

During the course of the San Xavier Archaeological Project over 18 square miles in the southern Tucson Basin were intensively surveyed. This work resulted in the recording of 150 sites, of which 147 contained components dated to either the prehistoric or protohistoric periods. In a previous study (Altschul and Rose, Statistical Research Technical Series 3) block cluster analysis was used to derive a site classification. Each site with a prehistoric and/or protohistoric component was classified...


The Lower Verde Archaeological Project
PROJECT Jeffrey A. Homburg. Richard Ciolek-Torrello. Jeffrey H. Altschul. Stephanie M. Whittlesey. Steven D. Shelley. USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

The Lower Verde Archaeological Project (LVAP) was a four-year data recovery project conducted by Statistical Research, Inc. (SRI) in the lower Verde River region of central Arizona. The project was designed to mitigate any adverse effects to cultural resources from modifications to Horseshoe and Bartlett Dams. The Department of the Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Arizona Project’s Office sponsored the research program in compliance with historic preservation legislation. The LVAP’s...


A Research Design for Tucson Aqueduct, Phase B Data Recovery (1986)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Jon S. Czaplicki. John C. Ravesloot. Lynn S. Teague.

In 1985, the Bureau of Reclamation directed the Cultural Resource Management Division of the Arizona State Museum to develop a research design for data recovery at 15 selected archaeological sites along the Phase B alignment of the Tucson Aqueduct portion of the Central Arizona Project. Phase B included Reaches 4, 5, and 6 of the alignment. The sample included five Hohokam settlement sites: Fastimes (AZ AA:12:384 [ASM]), Waterworld (AZ AA:16:94[ASM]), AZ AA:16:97(ASM), AA:16:104(ASM), and...


Southwest Mortuary Database Project: 2011 SAA E-Session: Mortuary Practices in the American Southwest: Meta-Data Issues in the Development of a Regional Database
PROJECT Gordon Rakita. M Scott Thompson.

The study of prehistoric mortuary practices in the American Southwest is undergoing tremendous change in the new millennium. The challenges (and opportunities) of NAGPRA implementation, declines in the number of large samples being excavated, and loss of data from previously excavated samples have altered mortuary archaeology in the region. Given this state of affairs, the development of an integrated regional database of prehistoric mortuary practices is imperative. This session at the 76th...


Tucson Aqueduct Project Phase B
PROJECT Lynn S. Teague. Jon Czaplicki. John C. Ravesloot. USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office.

The Tucson Aqueduct Phase B Project represents the first substantial archaeological investigations and excavations to be conducted in the Avra Valley. Prior to the 1983 intensive survey of the Phase B alignment by archaeologists from the Arizona State Museum, archaeological investigation of the Avra Valley had been limited primarily to occasional clearance surveys and test excavations. The identification of 47 prehistoric sites during the 1983 survey (Downum and others 1986) and the...


Vanishing River Volume 4: Chapter 15: Re-Thinking the Core-Periphery Model of the Pre-Classic Period Hohokam (1997)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Stephanie M. Whittlesey.

In Chapter 15, Whittlesey reviews the Hohokam core-periphery model in light of the new data generated by the LVAP. She begins with a description of the intellectual history and the key concepts of the Hohokam core-periphery model and the Hohokam regional system model. She then examines the utility of the core-periphery model for explaining current data on Hohokam prehistory. After reviewing the distribution of several quintessential Hohokam traits among sites in the “core” and in the...


Watson_Early Ag Period in the Sonoran Desert_Mortuary and Biological Data (2011)
DATASET James Watson.

In this data set, Watson presents mortuary and biological data for a sample (n = 431) of Early Agriculural period (1,600 B.C - 150 A.D.) burial features excavated at 12 archaeological sites in southeastern Arizona and northern Sonora, Mexico. Variables include age, sex, body position, body orientation, material accompaniments, trauma, and several paleopathological conditions.