Archaeological Data Recovery at the Tortolita Vistas Site, AZ AA:12:271 (ASM): A Hohokam Fieldhouse in Marana, Pima County, Arizona

Author(s): Deborah Swartz

Year: 2005


Archaeological data recovery was conducted at the Tortolita Vistas site, AZ AA:12:271 (ASM), prior to construction of a housing development in Marana by Cottonwood Properties. This fieldhouse site is situated on the upper bajada of the Tortolita Mountains. A single pit structure and five extramural features were discovered and completely excavated: 2 roasting pits, 2 small extramural pits, and 1 trash concentration. No human remains were found. Ceramic analysis dates the site occupation to Middle Rincon 2 times (A.D. 1040-1080).

The site appears to have been occupied at least twice. The first occupation was probably longer and included the pithouse and trash concentration. These features were the only features that contained cultigens— maize and squash pollen-suggesting an agricultural use of the site occupied for at least one growing season. Evidence for wild resources, primarily cacti, was also found and was probably the reason for additional seasonal use of the site. There was little evidence of any other activities except agriculture and resource procurement and processing at the site.

Cite this Record

Archaeological Data Recovery at the Tortolita Vistas Site, AZ AA:12:271 (ASM): A Hohokam Fieldhouse in Marana, Pima County, Arizona, 04. Deborah Swartz. 2005 ( tDAR id: 448141) ; doi:10.48512/XCV8448141

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1040 to 1080 (Middle Rincon Phase)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.106; min lat: 32.425 ; max long: -111.053; max lat: 32.456 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Desert Archaeology, Inc.

Contributor(s): Jenny L. Adams; Sergio F. Castro-Reino; Michael W. Diehl; James M. Heidke; Elizabeth J. Miksa; R. Jane Sliva; Susan J. Smith; Deborah L. Swartz; Jennifer A. Waters

Prepared By(s): Desert Archaeology, Inc.

Submitted To(s): Cottonwood Properties

Record Identifiers

Technical Report No.(s): 2005-04

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
tr2005-04_final_pdf_OCR_PDFA_Redacted.pdf 38.59mb Oct 8, 2020 9:44:48 AM Public
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tr2005-04_final_pdf_OCR_PDFA.pdf 38.28mb May 1, 2005 Mar 5, 2019 4:56:31 PM Confidential
This file is the unredacted version of the resource.

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Contact(s): Desert Archaeology, Inc.