Archaeological Data Recovery at the Rohrig Substation, Queen Creek, Arizona

Author(s): T. Kathleen Henderson

Year: 2006


The Southwest Germann site is among the largest of prehistoric Hohokam settlements in the Queen Creek area. The Rohrig Substation property is located at its southwestern edge and overlaps a previously unreported habitation locus. Archaeological testing (Phase 1 data recovery) at the substation documented the presence of adobe-walled rooms, puddling pits, and trash deposits that were probably contained within an adobe-walled compound on the easternmost side of the Rohrig property. Salt River Project decided to restrict substation construction to the western 2 acres of the property to preserve the habitation features. Phase 2 data recovery focused on the 2-acre construction area. Features documented during the Phase 2 effort included a large midden, several small pits, a roasting pit, several crematoria, secondary cremations, and animal burials. Diagnostic ceramics indicated the locus was primarily occupied during the late Soho and early Civano phases of the Classic period (A. D. 1250-1350).

The Rohrig Substation investigations were designed to obtain new information about the types of cultural activities that occurred on the margin of large Hohokam habitation areas in the Queen Creek area. The data recovery research provides new insights about residential activity, subsistence, mortuary practices, and patterns of interaction within the the Southwest Germann site. The results of the project suggest the Classic period inhabitants of the Rohrig Substation locus had strong ties with populations in the middle Gila River Basin and a set of traditions and customs strongly rooted in the past.

Contributions of expertise were provided by Jenny L. Adams, Michael W. Diehl, T. Kathleen Henderson, Gary Huckleberry, Penny Dufoe Minturn, R. Jane Sliva, Arthur W. Vokes, Jennifer A. Waters, and Gregory J. Whitney.

Cite this Record

Archaeological Data Recovery at the Rohrig Substation, Queen Creek, Arizona, 03. T. Kathleen Henderson. Technical Report No. ,2005. Tucson, AZ: Desert Archaeology, Inc. 2006 ( tDAR id: 406070) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8406070

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Accipitridae Adobe Agave Andesite Antelope Jackrabbit Antler Argopecten circularis Atriplex sp. Basalt Black-on-Brownware Black-tailed Jackrabbit Black Volcanic Rock Bone Brownware Buffware Building Materials Canis familiaris Canis sp. Carnegiea gigantea Casa Grande Buffware Casa Grande Red-on-Buffware Ceramic Cerithidea albonodosa Cerithidea sp. Cervidae cf. Lepus alleni cf. Prosopis sp. cf. Zea mays Chipped Stone Conus sp. Cotton Cottontail Diorite Domestic Dog Equus False Purslane Fauna Gila Polychrome Ware Gila Redware Glycymeris gigantea Gneiss Gossypium sp. Grandiorite Granite Green Volcanic Rock Ground Stone Hawk Hohokam Buffware Horse Human Remains Jackrabbit Laevicardium elatum Large Mammal Latite Lepus californicus Lepus sp. Macrobotanical Maize Mammal Marine Bivalve Marine Shell Marine Univalve Medium Mammal Medium Rodent Mesquite Metal Muscovite Phyllite Plainware Polychrome Ware Prosopis sp. Quartzite Red-on-Brownware Red-on-Buffware Redware Rodent Sacaton Buffware Sacaton Redware Saguaro Salado Polychrome Ware Saltbush Salt Redware Sand Sandstone Schist Shell Small Mammal Small-Medium Hawk Snaketown Buffware Sweetwater Buffware Sylvilagus sp. Tivela sp. Tonto Polychrome Ware Trianthema sp. Tuff Turquoise Vesicular Basalt Volcanic Rock Wood Zea mays Show More

Site Name
AZ U:10:2 (ASM) Southwest Germann Site

Site Type
Adobe Compound Adobe Room Adobe Structure Adobe Wall Agricultural or Herding Animal Burial Archaeological Feature Burial Compound Cremation Cremation Burial Crematorium Ditch Dog Burial Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Domestic Structures Fence Fenceline Funerary and Burial Structures or Features Hawk Burial Horse Burial Midden Pit Post Hole Post Hole / Post Mold Puddling Pit Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Roasting Pit Roasting Pit / Oven / Horno Room Room Block / Compound / Pueblo Structure Trash Deposit Wall Water Control Feature Show More

Investigation Types
Data Recovery / Excavation

Abrader Adult Cremains Andesite Lapstone Antler (Cervid) Apache Tear Appendicular Element (Human) Argopecten circularis Pendant Axe Axial Element (Human) Ball Barbed Wire Basalt Axe Basalt Ball Basalt Lapstone Basalt Polisher Bead Beam Bone (Accipitridae) Bone (Animal) Bone (Antelope Jackrabbit) Bone (Black-Tailed Jackrabbit) Bone (Canis familiaris) Bone (Canis sp.) Bone (Cervidae) Bone (cf. Lepus alleni) Bone (Cottontail) Bone (Domestic Dog) Bone (Equus sp.) Bone (Hawk) Bone (Horse) Bone (Human) Bone (Jackrabbit) Bone (Large Mammal) Bone (Lepus californicus) Bone (Lepus sp.) Bone (Mammal) Bone (Medium Mammal) Bone (Medium Rodent) Bone (Rodent) Bone (Small Mammal) Bone (Small-Medium Hawk) Bone (Sylvilagus sp.) Bowl Bracelet Buffware Bowl Buffware Jar Buffware Scoop Calcaneus (Canid) Caudex Caudex (Agave) Caudex (Agave sp.) Ceramic Comal Ceramic Figurine Ceramic Vessel Cerithidea albonodosa Bead Cerithidea Bead Cervical Vertebra (Hawk) Charcoal Charcoal (Saltbush) Child Cremains Chopper Cob (Maize) Cob (Zea mays) Comal Coracoid (Hawk) Core Core Hammer Cranial Bone (Human) Cremains Cupule Cupule (cf. Zea mays) Cupule (Maize) Cupule (Zea mays) Dental Element (Human) Denticulate Diabase Axe Diabase Polisher Diorite Axe Disk Disk Bead Donut Stone Femur (Canid) Fibular (Canid) Figurine Figurine Head Flake Furculum (Hawk) Gila Redware Bowl Glycymeris gigantea Bracelet Glycymeris gigantea Pendant Gneiss Handstone Grandiorite Anvil Grandiorite Mano Granite Lapstone Granite Mano Hammerstone Handstone Humerus (Hawk) Igenous Rock Denticulate Igneous Rock Core Igneous Rock Debitage Igneous Rock Flake Igneous Rock Hammer Igneous Rock Notch Ilium (Black-Tailed Jackrabbit) Jar Lapstone Latite Saw Latite Tool Lithic Debitage Long Bone (Canid) Long Bone (Hawk) Long Bone (Horse) Lumbar Vertebra (Black-Tailed Jackrabbit) Lumbar Vertebra (Canid) Mano Metamorphic Rock Chopper Metamorphic Rock Core Metamorphic Rock Debitage Metamorphic Rock Hammer Metate Nail Notch Obsidian Debitage Obsidian Scraper Ornament Pendant Phalanx (Canid) Phalanx (Hawk) Phyllite Tool Plainware Bowl Plainware Jar Plainware Scoop Polisher Polychrome Bowl Polychrome Jar pottery anvil Pottery Polisher Pottery Vessel Quartzite Hammerstone Quartzite Handstone Quartzite Mano Quartzite Tool Radius (Hawk) Redware Bowl Redware Jar Redware Scoop Rhyolite Metate Rib (Canid) Rib (Horse) Rohrig Substation Salt River Project Sandstone Lapstone Saucer Bead Saw Scapholunar (Hawk) Scapula (Hawk) Schist Saw Schist Tool Scoop Scraper Seed Seed (Carnegeia gigantes) Seed (cf. Prosopis sp.) Seed (Cotton) Seed (False Purslane) Seed (Gossypium sp.) Seed (Mesquite) Seed (Prosopis sp.) Seed (Saguaro) Seed (Trianthema sp.) Shell Bead Shell Bracelet Shell Pendant Sherd Disk Sherd Pendant Silica Core Silica Debitage Skeleton (Dog) Skeleton (Hawk) Skull (Horse) SRP Synsacrum (Hawk) Tabular Saw Tabular Tool Tarsometatarsus (Hawk) Thoracic Vertebra (Canid) Tibia (Canid) Tibiotarsus (Hawk) Tissue (Agave) Trough Metate Tuff Abrader Tuff Bowl Tuff Figurine Turquoise Bead Ulna (Hawk) Vessel Volcanic Rock Mano Volcanic Rock Metate Wood (Mesquite) Wood (Prosopis sp.) Wooden Beam Show More

Geographic Keywords
Arizona (State / Territory) Phoenix Basin Pinal (County) Queen Creek, AZ

Temporal Keywords
1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 20th Century Classic Period Historic Prehistoric

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1913 to 1960 (Dates of historic use of site, indicated by historic documents.)

Calendar Date: 1250 to 1350 (Dates of main use of site, indicated by ceramic analysis.)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.679; min lat: 33.249 ; max long: -111.653; max lat: 33.294 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Salt River Project Cultural Resource Manager

Contributor(s): Jenny L. Adams; Michael W. Diehl; Gary Huckleberry; Penny Dufoe Minturn; R. Jane Sliva; Arthur W. Vokes; Jennifer A. Waters; Gregory J. Whitney; Richard Anduze; Steve Ditschler; Gretchen Gallagher; Jennifer May; April Tutt; Mason Riddle; Stephanie Sherwood; Trish Castalia; Jean Kramer; Sara Lely; Emilee Mead; Donna Doolittle; William Doelle

Field Director(s): Greg Whitney

Lab Director(s): Lisa Eppley

Landowner(s): Salt River Project

Sponsor(s): Salt River Project

Repository(s): Arizona State Museum

Record Identifiers

Desert Archaeology Project No.(s): 04-135

Arizona State Museum Accession No.(s): 2004-1055

Arizona Repatriation Case No.(s): 04-30

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