Rock Island Complex Data: Groundstone from Screened Contexts

Summary

The Rock Island Complex Data tables provide a summary of the artifacts recovered during Arizona State University (ASU), Office of Cultural Resource Management's (OCRM) Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) excavations at sites in the Rock Island Complex, primarily Bass Point Mound (AZ U:8:23(ASM), AR-03-12-06-177(USFS)) and AZ U:8:400(ASM)(AR-03-12-06-863(USFS)). The Rock Island Complex table Groundstone from Screened Contexts presents a summary of the groundstone artifacts recovered from excavated, screened contexts at Bass Point Mound and AZ U:8:400(ASM).

The table identifies each archaeological site by its Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number and its USFS Tonto Forest number (ASM number/last three digits of Tonto Forest number) (e.g., U:8:23/177). It lists designated archaeological contexts - strata - at the site, and then provides the frequency (count) of different groundstone artifacts for each stratum. The strata represent major natural or cultural depositional events such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate. Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. Within a feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The letters are assigned in descending order. Mixed levels and artifacts collected out of context are designated by a "?". Artifacts from each feature (or mixed context) are tallied according to strata. Please see column metadata for further detail. Please also see the data tables "Rock Island Complex Data, Bass Point Mound: Strata" and "Rock Island Complex Data, AZ U:8:400(ASM): Strata" for further data about each stratum, including the assigned stratum type, at the following tDAR urls: https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394255 and https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394256

The Rock Island Complex Data tables were originally published in the Roosevelt Platform Mound Monograph Series No. 4 titled "Where the Rivers Converge, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Rock Island Complex." The tables were published in an appendix at the end of the volume. Please see the report volume at the following tDAR URL: https://core.tdar.org/document/380998

Cite this Record

Rock Island Complex Data: Groundstone from Screened Contexts. Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University. Tempe, Arizona: Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. 1995 ( tDAR id: 394274) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8MG7RK1

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: BassPoint_Screened_Groundstone

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Palette, Informal Frequency of groundstone artifact type Informal Palette in a given stratum. An Informal Palette is a "small stone with flat surface; usually unshaped; exhibits wear from grinding pigments" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Informal palettes received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Stratum Identifies a major natural or cultural depositional event such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate (i.e., a single archaeological context in both horizontal and vertical space). Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. A stratum is a combination of an individual feature and a context in or associated with that feature. For example, Feature 10 might be a structure with an erosonial fill stratum, a roof fall stratum, a floor stratum, and a sterile substrate stratum. Within each feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The levels excavated in a feature were aggregated into individual feature strata (e.g., Levels 1 - 3 = Stratum A). A feature's stratum letters are assigned in descending order. A context letter of "?" designates a mixed level or context or artifacts collected out of context. Examples: 0? = General Cultural Fill/No Feature and Indeterminate context 10A = Feature 10 and Context A 10B = Feature 10 and Context B 10C = Feature 10 and Context C 22? = Feature 22 and Mixed and/or Undefined context 22A - Feature 22 and Context A Each stratum (e.g., 10C) is assigned to a stratum type. The stratum data are presented in a separate stratum data table. Please see the data tables "Rock Island Complex Data, Bass Point Mound: Strata" and "Rock Island Complex Data, AZ U:8:400(ASM): Strata" at the following tDAR urls: https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394255 and https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394256 Examples: 10A = Feature 10 and Context A = Feature 10, erosional fill 10B = Feature 10 and Context B = Feature 10, roof fall 10C = Feature 10 and Context C = Feature 10, floor Artifacts collected from each feature are tallied according to strata. For example, artifacts collected from Feature 10 are tallied for Stratum A, Stratum B, Stratum C, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
Metate, Indeterminate Frequency of groundstone artifact type Indeterminate Metate in a given stratum. An Indeterminate Metate is "used for metate fragments, where further determination of artifact class is not possible" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Indeteminate Metates received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis for metate use-wear (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-17 -- 5-18 and associated form for analysis details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Metate, Slab Frequency of groundstone artifact type Slab Metate in a given stratum. A Slab Metate is a "large stone with small area(s) of light wear depressions; no formal shape; no depth to depressions (< 1 cm)" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
TOTAL The total number of groundstone artifacts (across all types and categories) in a given stratum at Schoolhouse Point Mound.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Baton Frequency of groundstone artifact type Baton in a given stratum. A Baton is an "elongated, tapered stone; slight wear on ends; highly smoothed and/or polished surface" A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Batons received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Shrine Stone Frequency of groundstone artifact type Shrine Stone in a given stratum. A Shrine Stone is an "unmodified stone found in an unusual context or group; spheroidal weathered, or flow banded conglomerate" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Shrine stones received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Anvil for Lithics Frequency of groundstone artifact type Anvil (for lithics) in a given stratum. An Anvil (for lithics) is a "rock with small crushed, pecked depressions, scattered pockets; used for bipolar percussion" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Anvils for lithics received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Site The archaeological sites from which the shell artifacts were recovered. Sites are identified by a number that combines both the Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number and the United States Forest Service (USFS), Tonto Forest National Forest site number. This conglomerate number includes the last three elements of an ASM number, a "/", and the last element of a USFS number. Arizona State Museum numbers begin with the designation "AZ." They then use a three-part numbering system. A letter, beginning with "A" and continuing to "FF", designates one of many arbitrary rectangles that divide the state into rectangular units, each of which includes 16 U.S.G.S topographic maps in a 15-minute series. The letter is followed by a number that refers to a 15-minute series map in a given rectangular unit. The numbers begin with 1 in the northwest corner and continue to 16 in the southeast corner. The map number is followed by a site number, which are allocated sequentially within a 15-minute series map. Each of these elements are separated by colons. At the end of the number, it is customary to provide a short-hand for the state institution that assigned the number (e.g., ASM, ASU, NAU), as several institutions have assigned site numbers throughout Arizona. EX: AZ U:8:23(ASM) Site AZ U:8:23(ASM) also has a a Tonto National Forest site number: AR-03-12-06-177. The Tonto National Forest numbers begin with an "AR" for archaeology. They then use the number code "03" to refer to the Southwest Region, the number code "12" to refer to the Tonto National Forest, the number code "06" to refer to the Tonto Basin Ranger District. Sites are numbered sequentially in the ranger district. EX: AZ U:8:23 (ASM) has the USFS Tonto Forest number AR-03-12-06-177 The combined number used in this data table combines the unique elements from the ASM number and the Tonto Forest number. EX: U:8:23/177 EX: AZ U:8:400(ASM) and AR-03-12-06-863(USFS) = U:8:400/863
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Site none none
Metate, Informal Frequency of groundstone artifact type Informal Metate in a given stratum. An Informal Metate is a "grinding slick; large flat area exhibits wear from grinding; no formal shape; no depth to depression (< 1 cm)" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Informal Metates received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis for metate use-wear (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-17 -- 5-18 and associated form for analysis details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Mano Preform Frequency of groundstone artifact type Mano Preform in a given stratum. A Mano Preform is a "partially shaped mano" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Shaft Straightener Frequency of groundstone artifact type Abrader/Shaft Straightener in a given stratum. An Abrader/Shaft Straightener is a "stone with one or more smooth, U shaped grooves; grooves are usually polished; surface lustrous, shiny" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Abraders/Shaft Straighteners received a Stage 3 Special Gourndstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-9 -- 5-11 and associated form).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Rubbing Stone Frequency of groundstone artifact type Rubbing Stone in a given stratum. A Rubbing Stone is a "biscuit shaped, or irregular rock (not polished, not a polishing roundstone)" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Rubbing Stones received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Pestle Frequency of groundstone artifact type Pestle in a given stratum. A Pestle is a "hand stone used with a mortar for crushing food, etc.; exhibits high degree of battering on one or both ends" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Pestles received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Sharpening Stone Frequency of groundstone artifact type Sharpening Stone in a given stratum. A Sharpening Stone is a "stone with one or more V shaped grooves; grooves may cross each other; usually gritty texture for sanding" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Sharpening stones received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis as part of the special analysis for Abraders/Shaft Straigheners (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-9 -- 5-11 and associated form).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Unmod. Stone w/ Pigment Frequency of groundstone artifact type Unmodified Stone with pigment in a given stratum. An unmodified stone with pigment is any stone with no evidence of deliberate human modification, but with identifiable pigment stains or traces of pigment on its surface (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Architectural Stone Frequency of groundstone type Architectural Stone in a given stratum. Architectural Stones are "large slabs, modified by flaking and/or grinding ;outline varies; used as door lintels, roof opening covers, shaped wall stones" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Axe Frequency of groundstone artifact type Axe in a given stratum. An Axe is a "blade is ground to a sharp edge; polished surface; rounded end, usually with a 3/4 groove; axe preforms" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Axes received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis for axes and mauls (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-12 -- 5-14 and associated form).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Mano Frequency of groundstone artifact type Mano in a given stratum. A Mano is a "hand stone; flattened ground surface; ends may be modified" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1100 to 1450

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.159; min lat: 33.677 ; max long: -111.129; max lat: 33.698 ;

Record Identifiers

Roosevelt Monograph Series(s): 4

Anthropological Field Studies(s): 33

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 9-CS-32-06230

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
basspoint_screened_groundstone.xls 27.00kb Dec 12, 2014 1:03:41 AM Public
  • Translated version basspoint_screened_groundstone_translated.xls (15.00kb)
    Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated: