tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity

Rock Island Complex Data: Lithic Artifacts from Screened Contexts

Creator(s): Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University

Year: 1995

» Downloads & Basic Metadata

Summary

The Rock Island Complex Data tables provide a summary of the artifacts recovered during Arizona State University (ASU), Office of Cultural Resource Management's (OCRM) Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) excavations at sites in the Rock Island Complex, primarily Bass Point Mound (AZ U:8:23(ASM), AR-03-12-06-177(USFS)) and AZ U:8:400(ASM)(AR-03-12-06-863(USFS)). The Rock Island Complex table Lithics from Screened Contexts presents a summary of the lithic artifacts recovered from excavated, screened contexts at Bass Point Mound and AZ U:8:400(ASM).

The table identifies each archaeological site by its Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number and its USFS Tonto Forest number (ASM number/last three digits of Tonto Forest number) (e.g., U:8:23/177). It lists designated archaeological contexts - strata - at the site, and then provides the frequency (count) of different lithic artifact types for each stratum. The strata represent major natural or cultural depositional events such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate. Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. Within a feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The letters are assigned in descending order. Mixed levels and artifacts collected out of context are designated by a "?". Artifacts from each feature (or mixed context) are tallied according to strata. Please also see the data tables "Rock Island Complex Data, Bass Point Mound: Strata" and "Rock Island Complex Data, AZ U:8:400(ASM): Strata" for further data about each stratum, including the assigned stratum type, at the following tDAR urls: https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394255 and https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394256

The Rock Island Complex Data tables were originally published in the Roosevelt Platform Mound Monograph Series No. 4 titled "Where the Rivers Converge, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Rock Island Complex." The tables were published in an appendix at the end of the volume. Please see the report volume at the following tDAR URL: https://core.tdar.org/document/380998


This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Cite this Record

Rock Island Complex Data: Lithic Artifacts from Screened Contexts. Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University. Tempe, Arizona: Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. 1995 ( tDAR id: 394275) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8S46V1H


Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: BassPoint_Screened_Lithics

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Site The archaeological sites from which the shell artifacts were recovered. Sites are identified by a number that combines both the Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number and the United States Forest Service (USFS), Tonto Forest National Forest site number. This conglomerate number includes the last three elements of an ASM number, a "/", and the last element of a USFS number. Arizona State Museum numbers begin with the designation "AZ." They then use a three-part numbering system. A letter, beginning with "A" and continuing to "FF", designates one of many arbitrary rectangles that divide the state into rectangular units, each of which includes 16 U.S.G.S topographic maps in a 15-minute series. The letter is followed by a number that refers to a 15-minute series map in a given rectangular unit. The numbers begin with 1 in the northwest corner and continue to 16 in the southeast corner. The map number is followed by a site number, which are allocated sequentially within a 15-minute series map. Each of these elements are separated by colons. At the end of the number, it is customary to provide a short-hand for the state institution that assigned the number (e.g., ASM, ASU, NAU), as several institutions have assigned site numbers throughout Arizona. EX: AZ U:8:23(ASM) Site AZ U:8:23(ASM) also has a a Tonto National Forest site number: AR-03-12-06-177. The Tonto National Forest numbers begin with an "AR" for archaeology. They then use the number code "03" to refer to the Southwest Region, the number code "12" to refer to the Tonto National Forest, the number code "06" to refer to the Tonto Basin Ranger District. Sites are numbered sequentially in the ranger district. EX: AZ U:8:23 (ASM) has the USFS Tonto Forest number AR-03-12-06-177 The combined number used in this data table combines the unique elements from the ASM number and the Tonto Forest number. EX: U:8:23/177 EX: AZ U:8:400(ASM) and AR-03-12-06-863(USFS) = U:8:400/863
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Site none none
Stratum Identifies a major natural or cultural depositional event such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate (i.e., a single archaeological context in both horizontal and vertical space). Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. A stratum is a combination of an individual feature and a context in or associated with that feature. For example, Feature 10 might be a structure with an erosonial fill stratum, a roof fall stratum, a floor stratum, and a sterile substrate stratum. Within each feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The levels excavated in a feature were aggregated into individual feature strata (e.g., Levels 1 - 3 = Stratum A). A feature's stratum letters are assigned in descending order. A context letter of "?" designates a mixed level or context or artifacts collected out of context. Examples: 0? = General Cultural Fill/No Feature and Indeterminate context 10A = Feature 10 and Context A 10B = Feature 10 and Context B 10C = Feature 10 and Context C 22? = Feature 22 and Mixed and/or Undefined context 22A - Feature 22 and Context A Each stratum (e.g., 10C) is assigned to a stratum type. The stratum data are presented in a separate stratum data table. Please see the data tables "Rock Island Complex Data, Bass Point Mound: Strata" and "Rock Island Complex Data, AZ U:8:400(ASM): Strata" at the following tDAR urls: https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394255 and https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394256 Examples: 10A = Feature 10 and Context A = Feature 10, erosional fill 10B = Feature 10 and Context B = Feature 10, roof fall 10C = Feature 10 and Context C = Feature 10, floor Artifacts collected from each feature are tallied according to strata. For example, artifacts collected from Feature 10 are tallied for Stratum A, Stratum B, Stratum C, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
Polishing Stone Frequency of lithic artifact type Polishing Stone in a given stratum. A polishing stones is a "small, fine–grained pebble, worn lustrous by polishing pottery" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Raw Material Frequency of lithic artifact type (mineral) Raw Material in a given stratum. Raw materials are "pieces of material in unmodified condition – unworked includes apache tears, unworked crystals, unworked nodules or pebbles" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Mineral : Count none none
Crystal Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament/raw material type Crystal in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament and/or raw material types - Crystals in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Mineral : Count none none
Fossil Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament/raw material type Fossil in a given stratum. A fossil is any mineralized fossil (often crynoids) (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-7). Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament and/or raw material types - Fossils in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Mineral : Count none none
Apache Tear Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament/raw material type Apace Tear in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament and/or raw material types - Apache Tears in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Faceted Stone Frequency of lithic artifact type Faceted Stone.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Stone Pendant Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament type Stone Pendant in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament types - Stone Pendant in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Stone Tessara Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament type Stone Tessera (mosaic piece) in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament types - Stone Tessera in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Tubular Stone Bead Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament type Tubular Stone Bead in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament types - Tubular Stone Bead in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Flat Stone Bead Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament type Flat Stone Bead in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament types - Flat Stone Bead in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Carving Frequency of lithic artifact type Carving in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Perforated Stone Disk Frequency of lithic artifact type Perforated Stone Disk in a given stratum. Stone disks were analyzed as part of the Stage 3 Ceramic Analysis Projects: Disks (Ceramic and Lithic) (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-40 -- 3-43 for details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Primary Flake Frequency of lithic artifac type Primary Flakes in a given stratum. A primary flake is a piece of lithic debitage with a "dorsal surface completely covered with cortex" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Secondary Flake Frequency of lithic artifact type Secondary Flake in a given stratum. A secondary flake is a piece of lithic debitage on which the "dorsal surface is partially covered with cortex" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Tertiary Flake Frequency of lithic artifact type Tertiary Flake in a given stratum. A tertiary flake is a piece of lithic debitage with "no cortex on dorsal or ventral surfaces" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Hammerstone Frequency of lithic artifact type Hammerstone in a given stratum. A Hammerstone is a "stone with crushing, hinge and step fractures derived from battering, hammering, or pecking activities" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Core Frequency of lithic artifact type Core in a given stratum. Cores are "artifacts with (multiple) negative flake scars; may have platforms; may exhibit crushing and/or step fractures at percussion point(s)" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Agave Knife Frequency of lithic artifact type Agave Knife (Tabular/Spall Tool) in a given stratum. Tabular/spall tools are "relatively large, flat tools with unifacial and/or bifacial retouch. Tabular tools are made from platey material and are thin and flat. Spalls have the dorsal side partially or completely covered with cortex and are made from granular material" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-11). Agave knives (tabular/spal tools) received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-19 and associated form for details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Projectile Point Frequency of lithic artifact type Projectile Point in a given stratum. Projectile points are "retouched, small, thinned triangular bifaces with hafting elements" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11). Projectile points received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Shatter Frequency of lithic artifact type Shatter in a given stratum. Shatter is defined as "angular pieces; no bulb of percussion; no striking platform" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Biface Frequency of lithic artifact type Biface in a given stratum. Bifaces are lithic artifacts that have been "retouched, thinned on both surfaces" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11). Bifaces received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Drill Frequency of lithic artifact type Drill in a given stratum. Drills received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Uniface Frequency of lithic artifact type Uniface in a given stratum. A uniface is a lithic artifact "retouched, thinned along one edge or surface (not use–wear only)" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11). Unifaces received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Pigment Stone Frequency of lithic artifact type Pigment Stone in a given stratum. Pigment stones are lithic "materials used to make paints or colors; exhibit ground edges and striations" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
TOTAL The total number of lithic artifacts (across all lithic artifact types) in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none

Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1100 to 1450


Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.159; min lat: 33.677 ; max long: -111.129; max lat: 33.698 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Contributor(s): David Jacobs ; Peter H. McCartney ; Glen E. Rice ; Arleyn W. Simon ; Judi L. Cameron ; J. Phil Dering ; Suzanne K. Fish ; Joel D. Irish ; Chris Loendorf ; John C. Ravesloot ; Marcia H. Regan ; Katherine A. Spielmann ; Christy G. Turner II

Lab Director(s): Arleyn Simon

Principal Investigator(s): Glen Rice ; Charles Redman

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Repository(s): Center for Archaeology and Society, Arizona State University

Prepared By(s): Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University

Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office


Record Identifiers

Roosevelt Monograph Series(s): 4

Anthropological Field Studies(s): 33

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 9-CS-32-06230

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
basspoint_screened_lithics.xls 29.50kb Dec 12, 2014 1:55:54 AM Public
Translated version basspoint_screened_lithics_translated.xls (42.50kb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America