Rock Island Complex Data: Plain Ware Ceramics from Screened Contexts

Part of the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Rock Island Complex (DRAFT) project

Creator(s): Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University

Year: 1995

Summary

The Rock Island Complex Data tables provide a summary of the artifacts recovered during Arizona State University (ASU), Office of Cultural Resource Management's (OCRM) Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) excavations at sites in the Rock Island Complex, primarily Bass Point Mound (AZ U:8:23(ASM), AR-03-12-06-177(USFS)) and AZ U:8:400(ASM)(AR-03-12-06-863(USFS)). The Rock Island Complex Data table Plain Ware Ceramics from Screened Contexts presents a summary of the plain ware ceramic vessels recovered from excavated, screened contexts at Bass Point Mound and AZ U:8:400(ASM).

The table identifies each archaeological site by its Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number and its USFS Tonto Forest number (ASM number/last three digits of Tonto Forest number) (e.g., U:8:23/177). It lists designated archaeological contexts - strata - at the site, and then provides the frequency (count) of individual plain ware vessels with different surface treatments for each stratum. Note that the table presents a count of individual vessels (i.e., groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to individual vessels) identified to particular plain ware surface treatment types. The Stage 2 Ceramic Diagnostic analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases (It was extended to body sherds in contexts where diagnostic vessel parts were low in frequency).

The strata represent major natural or cultural depositional events such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate. Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. Within a feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The letters are assigned in descending order. Mixed levels and artifacts collected out of context are designated by a "?". Artifacts from each feature (or mixed context) are tallied according to strata. Please see column metadata for further detail. Please also see the data tables "Rock Island Complex Data, Bass Point Mound: Strata" and "Rock Island Complex Data, AZ U:8:400(ASM): Strata" for further data about each stratum, including the assigned stratum type, at the following tDAR urls: https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394255 and https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394256

The Rock Island Complex Data tables were originally published in the Roosevelt Platform Mound Monograph Series No. 4 titled "Where the Rivers Converge, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Rock Island Complex." The tables were published in an appendix at the end of the volume. Please see the report volume at the following tDAR URL: https://core.tdar.org/document/380998

Cite this Record

Rock Island Complex Data: Plain Ware Ceramics from Screened Contexts. Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University. Tempe, Arizona: Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. 1995 ( tDAR id: 394276) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8GT5Q6K

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: BassPoint_Screened_Plainware

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Red/Smudged Frequency of individual vessels identified as a Brown Paste, Smooth Finish, Undecorated Ware, with a plain, smudged red surface treatment. A plain ware vessel with a plain, smudged red surface treatment has "exterior red slip or wash, interior black smudge" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-14 -- 3-17 and 3-22). The Stage 1 Ceramic Analysis assigned ceramic sherds to distinct vessels and then identified individual vessels to major surface treatment groups. This analysis identified plain ware vessels to their major plain ware/surface treatment groups. The Stage 2 Ceramic Diagnostic analysis examined groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to distinct vessels to record major ware types and surface treatment types. The analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases. However, it was extended to body sherds in contexts where there were few to no rim/neck sherds.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Red/Plain Frequency of individual vessels identified as a Brown Paste, Smooth Finish, Undecorated Ware with a plain red surface treatment. A plain ware vessel with a Red/Plain surface treatment has a "exterior red slip or wash, interior red slip or plain" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-14 -- 3-17 and 3-22). The Stage 1 Ceramic Analysis assigned ceramic sherds to distinct vessels and then identified individual vessels to major surface treatment groups. This analysis identified plain ware vessels to their major plain ware/surface treatment groups. The Stage 2 Ceramic Diagnostic analysis examined groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to distinct vessels to record major ware types and surface treatment types. The analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases. However, it was extended to body sherds in contexts where there were few to no rim/neck sherds.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Salado Red Frequency of individual vessels identified as a Brown Paste, Corrugated Finish, Decorated and Undecorated Ware, with a Salado Red surface treatment. A plain ware vessel with a Salado Red surface treatment has the following characteristics: "exterior fine obliterated corrugations, matte red, raspberry slip exterior may have fine white lines added as design on red slip interior black or grey smudge, highly polished" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-14 -- 3-17 and 3-22). The Stage 1 Ceramic Analysis assigned ceramic sherds to distinct vessels and then identified individual vessels to major surface treatment groups. This analysis identified plain ware vessels to their major plain ware/surface treatment groups. The Stage 2 Ceramic Diagnostic analysis examined groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to distinct vessels to record major ware types and surface treatment types. The analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases. However, it was extended to body sherds in contexts where there were few to no rim/neck sherds.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Plain corrugated Frequency of individual vessels identified as a Brown Paste, Corrugated Finish, Undecorated Ware, with a plain corrugated surface treatment. A plain ware vessel with a plain corrugated surface treatment has the following characteristics: "exterior plain or blackened, coarse smeared corrugations" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-14 -- 3-17 and 3-22). The Stage 1 Ceramic Analysis assigned ceramic sherds to distinct vessels and then identified individual vessels to major surface treatment groups. This analysis identified plain ware vessels to their major plain ware/surface treatment groups. The Stage 2 Ceramic Diagnostic analysis examined groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to distinct vessels to record major ware types and surface treatment types. The analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases. However, it was extended to body sherds in contexts where there were few to no rim/neck sherds.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Plain/Smudged Frequency of individual vessels identified as a Brown Paste, Smooth Finish, Undecorated Ware, with a plain, smudged surface treatment. A plain ware vessel with a plain, smudged surface treatment has the following characteristics: "exterior plain or self–slip, interior black smudge" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-14 -- 3-17 and 3-22). The Stage 1 Ceramic Analysis assigned ceramic sherds to distinct vessels and then identified individual vessels to major surface treatment groups. This analysis identified plain ware vessels to their major plain ware/surface treatment groups. The Stage 2 Ceramic Diagnostic analysis examined groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to distinct vessels to record major ware types and surface treatment types. The analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases. However, it was extended to body sherds in contexts where there were few to no rim/neck sherds.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Fine corrugated Frequency of individual vessels identified as plain corrugated wares with a fine corrugated surface treatment. A plain ware vessel with a fine corrugated surface treatment has the following characteristics: "tan, grey, to brown paste, fine, patterned corrugations resembling shingles or siding, corrugations have not been obliterated, with or without colored wash or slip, no painted decorations" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-14 -- 3-18 and 3-22 pp. 3-18). Examples include Heber and McDonald Corrugated. The Stage 1 Ceramic Analysis assigned ceramic sherds to distinct vessels and then identified individual vessels to major surface treatment groups. This analysis identified plain ware vessels to their major plain ware/surface treatment groups. The Stage 2 Ceramic Diagnostic analysis examined groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to distinct vessels to record major ware types and surface treatment types. The analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases. However, it was extended to body sherds in contexts where there were few to no rim/neck sherds.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Stratum Identifies a major natural or cultural depositional event such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate (i.e., a single archaeological context in both horizontal and vertical space). Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. A stratum is a combination of an individual feature and a context in or associated with that feature. For example, Feature 10 might be a structure with an erosonial fill stratum, a roof fall stratum, a floor stratum, and a sterile substrate stratum. Within each feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The levels excavated in a feature were aggregated into individual feature strata (e.g., Levels 1 - 3 = Stratum A). A feature's stratum letters are assigned in descending order. A context letter of "?" designates a mixed level or context or artifacts collected out of context. Examples: 0? = General Cultural Fill/No Feature and Indeterminate context 10A = Feature 10 and Context A 10B = Feature 10 and Context B 10C = Feature 10 and Context C 22? = Feature 22 and Mixed and/or Undefined context 22A - Feature 22 and Context A Each stratum (e.g., 10C) is assigned to a stratum type. The stratum data are presented in a separate stratum data table. Please see the data tables "Rock Island Complex Data, Bass Point Mound: Strata" and "Rock Island Complex Data, AZ U:8:400(ASM): Strata" at the following tDAR urls: https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394255 and https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394256 Examples: 10A = Feature 10 and Context A = Feature 10, erosional fill 10B = Feature 10 and Context B = Feature 10, roof fall 10C = Feature 10 and Context C = Feature 10, floor Artifacts collected from each feature are tallied according to strata. For example, artifacts collected from Feature 10 are tallied for Stratum A, Stratum B, Stratum C, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
Plain/Plain Frequency of individual vessels identified as a Brown Paste, Smooth Finish, Undecorated Ware, with a plain surface treatment. A plain ware vessel with a plain surface treatment has the following characteristics: "exterior and interior plain or self–slip (no added pigment)" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-14 -- 3-17 and 3-22). The Stage 1 Ceramic Analysis assigned ceramic sherds to distinct vessels and then identified individual vessels to major surface treatment groups. This analysis identified plain ware vessels to their major plain ware/surface treatment groups. The Stage 2 Ceramic Diagnostic analysis examined groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to distinct vessels to record major ware types and surface treatment types. The analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases. However, it was extended to body sherds in contexts where there were few to no rim/neck sherds.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Site The archaeological sites from which the shell artifacts were recovered. Sites are identified by a number that combines both the Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number and the United States Forest Service (USFS), Tonto Forest National Forest site number. This conglomerate number includes the last three elements of an ASM number, a "/", and the last element of a USFS number. Arizona State Museum numbers begin with the designation "AZ." They then use a three-part numbering system. A letter, beginning with "A" and continuing to "FF", designates one of many arbitrary rectangles that divide the state into rectangular units, each of which includes 16 U.S.G.S topographic maps in a 15-minute series. The letter is followed by a number that refers to a 15-minute series map in a given rectangular unit. The numbers begin with 1 in the northwest corner and continue to 16 in the southeast corner. The map number is followed by a site number, which are allocated sequentially within a 15-minute series map. Each of these elements are separated by colons. At the end of the number, it is customary to provide a short-hand for the state institution that assigned the number (e.g., ASM, ASU, NAU), as several institutions have assigned site numbers throughout Arizona. EX: AZ U:8:23(ASM) Site AZ U:8:23(ASM) also has a a Tonto National Forest site number: AR-03-12-06-177. The Tonto National Forest numbers begin with an "AR" for archaeology. They then use the number code "03" to refer to the Southwest Region, the number code "12" to refer to the Tonto National Forest, the number code "06" to refer to the Tonto Basin Ranger District. Sites are numbered sequentially in the ranger district. EX: AZ U:8:23 (ASM) has the USFS Tonto Forest number AR-03-12-06-177 The combined number used in this data table combines the unique elements from the ASM number and the Tonto Forest number. EX: U:8:23/177 EX: AZ U:8:400(ASM) and AR-03-12-06-863(USFS) = U:8:400/863
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Site none none
TOTAL The total number of plain ware vessels (across all identified plain wares and surface treatment types) in a given stratum at the Schoolhouse Point Mound.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1100 to 1450

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.159; min lat: 33.677 ; max long: -111.129; max lat: 33.698 ;

Record Identifiers

Roosevelt Monograph Series(s): 4

Anthropological Field Studies(s): 33

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 9-CS-32-06230

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
basspoint_screened_plainware.xls 21.50kb Dec 12, 2014 2:13:03 AM Public
  • Translated version basspoint_screened_plainware_translated.xls (20.50kb)
    Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated: