Rock Island Complex: Shell Taxa from Screened Contexts

Part of the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Rock Island Complex (DRAFT) project

Creator(s): Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University

Year: 1995

Summary

The Rock Island Complex Data tables provide a summary of the artifacts recovered during Arizona State University (ASU), Office of Cultural Resource Management's (OCRM) Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) excavations at sites in the Rock Island Complex, primarily Bass Point Mound (AZ U:8:23(ASM), AR-03-12-06-177(USFS)) and AZ U:8:400(ASM)(AR-03-12-06-863(USFS)). The Rock Island Complex Data table Shell Taxa from Screened Contexts presents a summary of the shell taxa of the shell artifacts recovered from excavated, screened contexts at Bass Point Mound.

The table identifies each archaeological site by its Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number and its USFS Tonto Forest number (ASM number/last three digits of Tonto Forest number) (e.g., U:8:23/177). It lists designated archaeological contexts - strata - at the site, and then provides the frequency (count) of shell artifacts with different shell taxon designations. Note that it provides a count of artifacts (NOT individual shell pieces) identified to individual taxa. Thus, a shell bracelet in 3 pieces identified to a shell taxon will count as 1 artifact for that taxon.

The strata represent major natural or cultural depositional events such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate. Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. Within a feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The letters are assigned in descending order. Mixed levels and artifacts collected out of context are designated by a "?". Artifacts from each feature (or mixed context) are tallied according to strata. Please see column metadata for further detail. Please also see the data table "Rock Island Complex, Bass Point Mound Data: Strata" for further data about each stratum, including the assigned stratum type, at the following tDAR url: http://core.tdar.org/dataset/394255

The Rock Island Complex Data tables were originally published in the Roosevelt Platform Mound Monograph Series No. 4 titled "Where the Rivers Converge, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Rock Island Complex." The tables were published in an appendix at the end of the volume. Please see the report volume at the following tDAR URL: https://core.tdar.org/document/380998

Cite this Record

Rock Island Complex: Shell Taxa from Screened Contexts. Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University. Tempe, Arizona: Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. 1995 ( tDAR id: 394278) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8765HC5

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: BassPoint_Screened_Shell_Specie

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Cardita crassicostata Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Anodonta californiensis in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
TOTAL The total number of shell artifacts (across all shell taxa) in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Unidentified Frequency of shell artifacts with an unidentified shell taxon in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Strombus sp. Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Strombus sp. in a given stratum. Strombus sp. denotes an unidentified species of the genus Strombus.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Pecten sp. Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Pecten sp. in a given stratum. Pecten sp. denotes an unidentified species of the genus Pecten.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Olivella sp. Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Olivella sp. in a given stratum. Olivella sp. denotes an unidentified species of the genus Olivella.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Site The archaeological sites from which the shell artifacts were recovered. Sites are identified by a number that combines both the Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number and the United States Forest Service (USFS), Tonto Forest National Forest site number. This conglomerate number includes the last three elements of an ASM number, a "/", and the last element of a USFS number. Arizona State Museum numbers begin with the designation "AZ." They then use a three-part numbering system. A letter, beginning with "A" and continuing to "FF", designates one of many arbitrary rectangles that divide the state into rectangular units, each of which includes 16 U.S.G.S topographic maps in a 15-minute series. The letter is followed by a number that refers to a 15-minute series map in a given rectangular unit. The numbers begin with 1 in the northwest corner and continue to 16 in the southeast corner. The map number is followed by a site number, which are allocated sequentially within a 15-minute series map. Each of these elements are separated by colons. At the end of the number, it is customary to provide a short-hand for the state institution that assigned the number (e.g., ASM, ASU, NAU), as several institutions have assigned site numbers throughout Arizona. EX: AZ U:8:23(ASM) Site AZ U:8:23(ASM) also has a a Tonto National Forest site number: AR-03-12-06-177. The Tonto National Forest numbers begin with an "AR" for archaeology. They then use the number code "03" to refer to the Southwest Region, the number code "12" to refer to the Tonto National Forest, the number code "06" to refer to the Tonto Basin Ranger District. Sites are numbered sequentially in the ranger district. EX: AZ U:8:23 (ASM) has the USFS Tonto Forest number AR-03-12-06-177 The combined number used in this data table combines the unique elements from the ASM number and the Tonto Forest number. EX: U:8:23/177 EX: AZ U:8:400(ASM) and AR-03-12-06-863(USFS) = U:8:400/863
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Site none none
Strombus galeatus Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Strombus galeatus in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Olivella dama Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Olivella dama in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Laevicardium elatum Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Laevicardium elatum in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Helisoma sp. Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Helisoma sp. in a given stratum. Helisoma sp. denotes an unidentified species of the genus Helisoma.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Haliotis sp. Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Haliotis sp. in a given stratum. Haliotis sp. denotes an unidentified species of the genus Haliotis.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Glycymeris sp. Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Glycymeris sp. in a given stratum. Glycymeris sp. denotes an unidentified species of the genus Glycymeris.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Glycymeris gigantea Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Glycymeris gigantea in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Conus sp. Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Conus sp. in a given stratum. Conus sp. denotes an unidentified species of the genus Conus.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Conus regularis Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Conus regularis in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Stratum Identifies a major natural or cultural depositional event such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate (i.e., a single archaeological context in both horizontal and vertical space). Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. A stratum is a combination of an individual feature and a context in or associated with that feature. For example, Feature 10 might be a structure with an erosonial fill stratum, a roof fall stratum, a floor stratum, and a sterile substrate stratum. Within each feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The levels excavated in a feature were aggregated into individual feature strata (e.g., Levels 1 - 3 = Stratum A). A feature's stratum letters are assigned in descending order. A context letter of "?" designates a mixed level or context or artifacts collected out of context. Examples: 0? = General Cultural Fill/No Feature and Indeterminate context 10A = Feature 10 and Context A 10B = Feature 10 and Context B 10C = Feature 10 and Context C 22? = Feature 22 and Mixed and/or Undefined context 22A - Feature 22 and Context A Each stratum (e.g., 10C) is assigned to a stratum type. The stratum data are presented in a separate stratum data table. Please see the data table "Rock Island Complex Data, Bass Point Mound: Strata" at the following tDAR url: https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394255 Examples: 10A = Feature 10 and Context A = Feature 10, erosional fill 10B = Feature 10 and Context B = Feature 10, roof fall 10C = Feature 10 and Context C = Feature 10, floor Artifacts collected from each feature are tallied according to strata. For example, artifacts collected from Feature 10 are tallied for Stratum A, Stratum B, Stratum C, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
Turritella leucostoma Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Turritella leucostoma in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Conus perplexus Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Conus perplexus in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Anodonta californiensis Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Anodonta californiensis in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1100 to 1450

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.159; min lat: 33.677 ; max long: -111.129; max lat: 33.698 ;

Record Identifiers

Roosevelt Monograph Series(s): 4

Anthropological Field Studies(s): 33

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 9-CS-32-06230

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
basspoint_screened_shell_species.xls 31.00kb Dec 12, 2014 2:34:54 AM Public
  • Translated version basspoint_screened_shell_species_translated.xls (24.00kb)
    Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated: