Rock Island Complex Data: Special Artifacts from Screened Contexts

Part of the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Rock Island Complex (DRAFT) project

Creator(s): Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University

Year: 1995

Summary

The Rock Island Complex Data tables provide a summary of the artifacts recovered during Arizona State University (ASU), Office of Cultural Resource Management's (OCRM) Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) excavations at sites in the Rock Island Complex, primarily Bass Point Mound (AZ U:8:23(ASM), AR-03-12-06-177(USFS)) and AZ U:8:400(ASM)(AR-03-12-06-863(USFS)). The Rock Island Complex Data table Special Artifacts from Screened Contexts presents a summary of fine, elaborate, rare, and/or otherwise special goods recovered from excavated, screened contexts at Bass Point Mound and AZ U:8:400(ASM). In general, it presents a list of fine goods and other artifacts that received a Stage 3 Special analysis.

The table identifies each archaeological site by its Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number and its USFS Tonto Forest number (ASM number/last three digits of Tonto Forest number) (e.g., U:8:23/177). It lists designated archaeological contexts - strata - at each site, and then provides the frequency (count) of different special artifacts for each stratum. The table presents counts of special artifacts in the following artifact categories: bifaces, drills, and projectile points; large stone implements; ceramic manufacturing materials; disks and whorls (ceramic and stone); stone jewelry; shell jewelry; manuports (rare minerals or other stone objects); grinding implements, mortars, and pestles; and miscellaneous artifacts.

The strata represent major natural or cultural depositional events such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate. Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. Within a feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The letters are assigned in descending order. Mixed levels and artifacts collected out of context are designated by a "?". Artifacts from each feature (or mixed context) are tallied according to strata. Please see column metadata for further detail. Please also see the data tables "Rock Island Complex Data, Bass Point Mound: Strata" and "Rock Island Complex Data, AZ U:8:400(ASM): Strata" for further data about each stratum, including the assigned stratum type, at the following tDAR urls: https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394255 and https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394256

The Rock Island Complex Data tables were originally published in the Roosevelt Platform Mound Monograph Series No. 4 titled "Where the Rivers Converge, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Rock Island Complex." The tables were published in an appendix at the end of the volume. Please see the report volume at the following tDAR URL: https://core.tdar.org/document/380998

Cite this Record

Rock Island Complex Data: Special Artifacts from Screened Contexts. Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University. Tempe, Arizona: Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. 1995 ( tDAR id: 394279) ; doi:10.6067/XCV86H4KF2

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: BassPoint_Screened_Special

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
TOTAL The total number of special/fine goods in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Sharpening Stone Frequency of groundstone artifact type Sharpening Stone in a given stratum. A Sharpening Stone is a "stone with one or more V shaped grooves; grooves may cross each other; usually gritty texture for sanding" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Sharpening stones received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis as part of the special analysis for Abraders/Shaft Straigheners (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-9 -- 5-11 and associated form).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Baton Frequency of groundstone artifact type Baton in a given stratum. A Baton is an "elongated, tapered stone; slight wear on ends; highly smoothed and/or polished surface" A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Batons received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Apache Tear Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament/raw material type Apace Tear in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament and/or raw material types - Apache Tears in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Mineral : Count none none
Rubbing Stone Frequency of groundstone artifact type Rubbing Stone in a given stratum. A Rubbing Stone is a "biscuit shaped, or irregular rock (not polished, not a polishing roundstone)" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Rubbing Stones received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Shrine Stone Frequency of groundstone artifact type Shrine Stone in a given stratum. A Shrine Stone is an "unmodified stone found in an unusual context or group; spheroidal weathered, or flow banded conglomerate" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Shrine stones received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Crystal Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament/raw material type Crystal in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament and/or raw material types - Crystals in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Mineral : Count none none
Stone Tessara Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament type Stone Tessera (mosaic piece) in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament types - Stone Tessera in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Stone Pendant Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament type Stone Pendant in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament types - Stone Pendant in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Tubular Stone Bead Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament type Tubular Stone Bead in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament types - Tubular Stone Bead in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Agave Knives Frequency of lithic artifact type Agave Knife (Tabular/Spall Tool) in a given stratum. Tabular/spall tools are "relatively large, flat tools with unifacial and/or bifacial retouch. Tabular tools are made from platey material and are thin and flat. Spalls have the dorsal side partially or completely covered with cortex and are made from granular material" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-11). Agave knives (tabular/spal tools) received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-19 and associated form for details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Shaft Straightener Frequency of groundstone artifact type Abrader/Shaft Straightener in a given stratum. An Abrader/Shaft Straightener is a "stone with one or more smooth, U shaped grooves; grooves are usually polished; surface lustrous, shiny" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Abraders/Shaft Straighteners received a Stage 3 Special Gourndstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-9 -- 5-11 and associated form).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Axe Frequency of groundstone artifact type Axe in a given stratum. An Axe is a "blade is ground to a sharp edge; polished surface; rounded end, usually with a 3/4 groove; axe preforms" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Axes received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis for axes and mauls (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-12 -- 5-14 and associated form).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Site The archaeological sites from which the shell artifacts were recovered. Sites are identified by a number that combines both the Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number and the United States Forest Service (USFS), Tonto Forest National Forest site number. This conglomerate number includes the last three elements of an ASM number, a "/", and the last element of a USFS number. Arizona State Museum numbers begin with the designation "AZ." They then use a three-part numbering system. A letter, beginning with "A" and continuing to "FF", designates one of many arbitrary rectangles that divide the state into rectangular units, each of which includes 16 U.S.G.S topographic maps in a 15-minute series. The letter is followed by a number that refers to a 15-minute series map in a given rectangular unit. The numbers begin with 1 in the northwest corner and continue to 16 in the southeast corner. The map number is followed by a site number, which are allocated sequentially within a 15-minute series map. Each of these elements are separated by colons. At the end of the number, it is customary to provide a short-hand for the state institution that assigned the number (e.g., ASM, ASU, NAU), as several institutions have assigned site numbers throughout Arizona. EX: AZ U:8:23(ASM) Site AZ U:8:23(ASM) also has a a Tonto National Forest site number: AR-03-12-06-177. The Tonto National Forest numbers begin with an "AR" for archaeology. They then use the number code "03" to refer to the Southwest Region, the number code "12" to refer to the Tonto National Forest, the number code "06" to refer to the Tonto Basin Ranger District. Sites are numbered sequentially in the ranger district. EX: AZ U:8:23 (ASM) has the USFS Tonto Forest number AR-03-12-06-177 The combined number used in this data table combines the unique elements from the ASM number and the Tonto Forest number. EX: U:8:23/177 EX: AZ U:8:400(ASM) and AR-03-12-06-863(USFS) = U:8:400/863
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Site none none
Unperforated Ceramic Disk Frequency of the ceramic artifact type Unperforated Ceramic Disk in a given stratum. Ceramic Disks were analyzed as part of the Stage 3 Ceramic Analysis Projects: Disks (Ceramic and Lithic) (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-40 -- 3-43 for details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Perforated Ceramic Disk Frequency of the ceramic artifact type Perforated Ceramic Disk in a given stratum. Ceramic Disks were analyzed as part of the Stage 3 Ceramic Analysis Projects: Disks (Ceramic and Lithic) (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-40 -- 3-43 for details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Perforated Stone Disk Frequency of lithic artifact type Perforated Stone Disk in a given stratum. Stone disks were analyzed as part of the Stage 3 Ceramic Analysis Projects: Disks (Ceramic and Lithic) (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-40 -- 3-43 for details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Carving Frequency of lithic artifact type Carving in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Shell Armlet Frequency of the shell artifact type Shell Armlet in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Shell Bead` Frequency of the shell artifact type Shell Bead in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Shell Bracelet Frequency of the shell artifact type Shell Bracelet in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Shell Container Frequency of the shell artifact type Shell Container in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Shell Debitage Frequency of the shell artifact type Shell Debitage in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Shell Disk, Perforated Frequency of the shell artifact type Perforated Shell Disk in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Shell Needle/Pendant Frequency of the shell artifact type Shell Needle/Pendant in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Shell Ring Frequency of the shell artifact type Shell Ring in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Shell Ring/Pendant Frequency of the shell artifact type Shell Ring/Pendant in a given stratum.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Shell Tinkler Frequency of the shell artifact type Shell Tinkler in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Shell Trumpet Frequency of the shell artifact type Shell Trumpet in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Unmod. Stone w/ Pigment Frequency of groundstone artifact type Unmodified Stone with pigment in a given stratum. An unmodified stone with pigment is any stone with no evidence of deliberate human modification, but with identifiable pigment stains or traces of pigment on its surface (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Biface Frequency of lithic artifact type Biface in a given stratum. Bifaces are lithic artifacts that have been "retouched, thinned on both surfaces" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11). Bifaces received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Projectile Point Frequency of lithic artifact type Projectile Point in a given stratum. Projectile points are "retouched, small, thinned triangular bifaces with hafting elements" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11). Projectile points received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Stratum Identifies a major natural or cultural depositional event such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate (i.e., a single archaeological context in both horizontal and vertical space). Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. A stratum is a combination of an individual feature and a context in or associated with that feature. For example, Feature 10 might be a structure with an erosonial fill stratum, a roof fall stratum, a floor stratum, and a sterile substrate stratum. Within each feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The levels excavated in a feature were aggregated into individual feature strata (e.g., Levels 1 - 3 = Stratum A). A feature's stratum letters are assigned in descending order. A context letter of "?" designates a mixed level or context or artifacts collected out of context. Examples: 0? = General Cultural Fill/No Feature and Indeterminate context 10A = Feature 10 and Context A 10B = Feature 10 and Context B 10C = Feature 10 and Context C 22? = Feature 22 and Mixed and/or Undefined context 22A - Feature 22 and Context A Each stratum (e.g., 10C) is assigned to a stratum type. The stratum data are presented in a separate stratum data table. Please see the data tables "Rock Island Complex Data, Bass Point Mound: Strata" and "Rock Island Complex Data, AZ U:8:400(ASM): Strata" at the following tDAR urls: https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394255 and https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394256 Examples: 10A = Feature 10 and Context A = Feature 10, erosional fill 10B = Feature 10 and Context B = Feature 10, roof fall 10C = Feature 10 and Context C = Feature 10, floor Artifacts collected from each feature are tallied according to strata. For example, artifacts collected from Feature 10 are tallied for Stratum A, Stratum B, Stratum C, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
Indet. Broken Shell Frequency of indeterminate, broken shell fragments in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Figurine Frequency of ceramic special object type ceramic Figurines (and/or fragments of figurines) in a given stratum. A figurine is defined as a ceramic form whose "shape[] suggest[s] human or animal forms; [includes] figurines and effigy pots" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-17 and 3-22).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Raw Shell Frequency of raw (unmodified) shell in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Fossil Frequency of lithic artifact type (mineral) Fossil in a given stratum. A fossil is any mineralized fossil (often crynoids) (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-7). Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament and/or raw material types - Fossils in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Mineral : Count none none
Drill Frequency of lithic artifact type Drill in a given stratum. Drills received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Shell Pendant Frequency of the shell artifact type Shell Pendant in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Flat Stone Bead Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament type Flat Stone Bead in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament types - Flat Stone Bead in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Polishing Stone Frequency of lithic artifact type Polishing Stone in a given stratum. A polishing stones is a "small, fine–grained pebble, worn lustrous by polishing pottery" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Raw Clay Frequency of raw clay in a given stratum. Raw clay is any "paste, whole or fragmented unformed pieces, fired or unfired" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-18; see also pp. 3-20 for notes about Stage 3 analysis of raw clay).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Anvil for Lithics Frequency of groundstone artifact type Anvil (for lithics) in a given stratum. An Anvil (for lithics) is a "rock with small crushed, pecked depressions, scattered pockets; used for bipolar percussion" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Anvils for lithics received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1100 to 1450

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.159; min lat: 33.677 ; max long: -111.129; max lat: 33.698 ;

Record Identifiers

Roosevelt Monograph Series(s): 4

Anthropological Field Studies(s): 33

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 9-CS-32-06230

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
basspoint_screened_special.xls 42.50kb Dec 12, 2014 2:58:20 AM Public
  • Translated version basspoint_screened_special_translated.xls (53.00kb)
    Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated: