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Uplands Complex Data: Shell Taxa from Screened Contexts

Creator(s): Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University

Year: 1997

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Summary

The Uplands Complex Data tables provide a summary of the artifacts recovered during Arizona State University (ASU), Office of Cultural Resource Management's (OCRM) Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) research at 52 sites located in four study areas in the bajadas and foothill-transition zone that surround and define the Tonto Basin.The Uplands Complex Data table Shell Taxa from Screened Contexts presents a summary of the shell taxa of the shell artifacts recovered from all excavated, screened contexts at Uplands Complex sites.

The table lists archaeological sites and designated archaeological contexts - strata - at each site. The strata represent major natural or cultural depositional events such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate. Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. In this table, the archaeological contexts - strata - are identified by a combination of numbering systems: the ASM site number, a colon, the feature number, and the stratum letter designation (EX: U:3:198:006A, U:3:198:006B). Within a feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The letters are assigned in descending order. Mixed levels and artifacts collected out of context are designated by a "?". Artifacts from each feature (or mixed context) are tallied according to strata. Please see column metadata for further detail. Please also see the Uplands Complex Strata data tables for further data about each stratum, including the assigned stratum type, at the following tDAR urls:

https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394287

https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394290

https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394289

https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394288

The table then provides the frequency (count) of shell artifacts with different shell taxon designations. Note that it provides a count of artifacts (NOT individual shell pieces) identified to individual taxa. Thus, a shell bracelet in 3 pieces identified to a shell taxon will count as 1 artifact for that taxon.

The Uplands Complex Data tables were originally published in the Roosevelt Platform Mound Monograph Series No. 5 titled "Classic Period Settlement in the Uplands of Tonto Basin, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study: Report on the Uplands Complex." The tables were published in an appendix at the end of the volume. Please see the report volume at the following tDAR URL: https://core.tdar.org/document/394286


Cite this Record

Uplands Complex Data: Shell Taxa from Screened Contexts. Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University. Tempe, Arizona: Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. 1997 ( tDAR id: 394329) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8WW7KQP


Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: upland_screened_shell-species

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Stratum Identifies a major natural or cultural depositional event such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate (i.e., a single archaeological context in both horizontal and vertical space). Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. This table contains data from multiple sites with multiple features and associated strata. Thus, in this table, a stratum is identified by combining several numbering systems: an ASM site number, a colon, a feature number, and a stratum letter designation. EX: U:3:198:006A, U:3:198:006B A stratum is a combination of an individual feature and a context in or associated with that feature. For example, Feature 10 might be a structure with an erosional fill stratum, a roof fall stratum, a floor stratum, and a sterile substrate stratum. Within each feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The levels excavated in a feature were aggregated into individual feature strata (e.g., Levels 1 - 3 = Stratum A). A feature's stratum letters are assigned in descending order. A context letter of "?" designates a mixed level or context or artifacts collected out of context. Examples: 0? = General Cultural Fill/No Feature and Indeterminate context 10A = Feature 10 and Context A 10B = Feature 10 and Context B 10C = Feature 10 and Context C 22? = Feature 22 and Mixed and/or Undefined context 22A - Feature 22 and Context A Each stratum (e.g., 10C) is assigned to a stratum type. The stratum data are presented in separate strata data tables. Please see the Uplands Complex Strata data tables at the following tDAR urls: https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394287 https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394290 https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394289 https://core.tdar.org/dataset/394288 Examples: 10A = Feature 10 and Context A = Feature 10, erosional fill 10B = Feature 10 and Context B = Feature 10, roof fall 10C = Feature 10 and Context C = Feature 10, floor Artifacts collected from each feature are tallied according to strata. For example, artifacts collected from Feature 10 are tallied for Stratum A, Stratum B, Stratum C, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
TOTAL The total number of shell artifacts (across all shell taxa) in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Unidentified Frequency of shell artifacts with an unidentified shell taxon in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Laevicardium elatum Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Laevicardium elatum in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Indet. Freshwater Snail Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Indet. Freshwater Snail in a given stratum. This category denotes a freshwater snail of unidentified genus and species.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Glycymeris sp. Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Glycymeris sp. in a given stratum. Glycymeris sp. denotes an unidentified species of the genus Glycymeris.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Conus sp. Frequency of shell artifacts identified to shell taxon Conus sp. in a given stratum. Conus sp. denotes an unidentified species of the genus Conus.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Site The archaeological sites from which the shell artifacts were recovered. In this table, sites are identified by an Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number. Arizona State Museum numbers begin with the designation "AZ." They then use a three-part numbering system. A letter, beginning with "A" and continuing to "FF", designates one of many arbitrary rectangles that divide the state into rectangular units, each of which includes 16 U.S.G.S topographic maps in a 15-minute series. The letter is followed by a number that refers to a 15-minute series map in a given rectangular unit. The numbers begin with 1 in the northwest corner and continue to 16 in the southeast corner. The map number is followed by a site number, which are allocated sequentially within a 15-minute series map. Each of these elements are separated by colons. At the end of the number, it is customary to provide a short-hand for the state institution that assigned the number (e.g., ASM, ASU, NAU), as several institutions have assigned site numbers throughout Arizona. EX: AZ U:8:23(ASM) Site AZ U:8:23(ASM) also has a a Tonto National Forest site number: AR-03-12-06-177. Please see the Roosevelt Platform Mound Study Site Concordance Table to match the ASM number(s) to the Tonto National Forest number(s).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Site none none

Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 660 to 1650


Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.14; min lat: 33.706 ; max long: -110.989; max lat: 33.826 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Contributor(s): Owen Lindauer ; Peter H. McCartney ; Glen E. Rice ; Arleyn W. Simon ; Ronna J. Bradley ; Judi L. Cameron ; J. Phil Dering ; Suzanne K. Fish ; Katherine A. Spielmann

Lab Director(s): Arleyn Simon

Principal Investigator(s): Glen Rice ; Charles Redman

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Repository(s): Center for Archaeology and Society, Arizona State University

Prepared By(s): Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University

Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office


Record Identifiers

Roosevelt Monograph Series(s): 5

Anthropological Field Studies(s): 34

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 9-CS-32-06230

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
upland_screened_shell-species.xlsx 9.19kb Dec 19, 2014 3:22:07 AM Public
Translated version upland_screened_shell-species_translated.xls (5.50kb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America