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Cline Mesa Data, AZ U:4:9(ASM): Strata

Creator(s): Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University

Year: 1997

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Summary

The Cline Mesa archaeological sites are part of an extensive settlement complex called the Cline Terrace Complex at the northwestern end of the Tonto Basin, along the eastern bank of Tonto Creek. The Arizona State University, Office of Cultural Resource Management, Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) divided the Cline Terrace Complex into three management groups: the Mound, Bandolero, and Indian Point management groups. The Cline Terrace Mound group included the Cline Terrace mound, which is the largest site in the complex and located at the center of the complex, and seven nearby sites. The mound group sites are treated in a separate report volume and the associated data are reported separately (Please see https://core.tdar.org/project/394032). The Cline Mesa sites consist of the remaining 35 archaeological sites along the terraces forming the eastern bank of Tonto Creek and extending to the creek’s confluence with Greenback Creek. Please note that these sites are not necessarily representative of the temporal range in the Cline Mesa settlement complex, as many are Hohokam Late Classic period residential sites on Tonto National Forest land. The Cline Mesa Sites report volumes and data summarize results from the surface collections and excavations at the 35 sites in the complex.

The Cline Mesa, Site AZ U:4:9(ASM) Strata data table provides a summary of the features and associated strata (as well as strata type) identified during RPMS investigations at archaeological site AZ U:4:9(ASM) (AR-03-12-06-295(USFS)) on Cline Mesa in the Cline Terrace Management Group. The table identifies each archaeological site by its Arizona State Museum (ASM) site number and its USFS Tonto Forest site number (ASM number/last three digits of Tonto Forest number) (e.g., U:8:23/177). It then lists features and designated archaeological contexts - strata - at each site. Features are designated by combining two numbering systems: the ASM site number, a colon, and the feature number (Note that the "AZ" common to every ASM site number is not used in this table.). Feature numbers begin with the number "1" at each site and progress sequentially (EX: U:8:384:005 = site AZ U:8:384, Feature 5; U:8:384:006 = site AZ U:8:384, Feature 6).

Strata represent major natural or cultural depositional events such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate. Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. In this table, the archaeological contexts - strata - are identified by a combination of numbering systems: the ASM site number, a colon, the feature number, and the stratum letter designation (EX: U:3:198:006A, U:3:198:006B). Within a feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The letters are assigned in descending order. Mixed levels and artifacts collected out of context are designated by a "?". Artifacts from each feature (or mixed context) are tallied according to strata.

The table also lists, for each feature and stratum, associated subfeatures. For example, a pit house might be associated with the following subfeatures: post holes, a hearth, and storage pits. Associated sub-features are designated by the feature number and a decimal number. For each feature, subfeature numbers begin with .01 and increase sequentially. The example pit house might be numbered Feature 1 and its subfeatures might be numbered 1.01, 1.02, 1.03, etc. The table provides a description of each subfeature.

Finally, the table provides two volume measurements for each designated context. It provides a volume of total fill for a context and a volume of screened fill for each context. These volumes may be useful for calculating relative artifact densities for archaeological contexts.


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Cite this Record

Cline Mesa Data, AZ U:4:9(ASM): Strata. Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. Tempe, Arizona: Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. 1997 ( tDAR id: 394490) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8P55QHN


Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: clinemesa_strata_U.4.9-295

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Stratum Identifies a major natural or cultural depositional event such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate (i.e., a single archaeological context in both horizontal and vertical space). Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. A stratum is a combination of an individual feature and a context in or associated with that feature. For example, Feature 10 might be a structure with an erosonial fill stratum, a roof fall stratum, a floor stratum, and a sterile substrate stratum. Within each feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The levels excavated in a feature were aggregated into individual feature strata (e.g., Levels 1 - 3 = Stratum A). A feature's stratum letters are assigned in descending order. A context letter of "?" designates a mixed level or context or artifacts collected out of context. Examples: 0? = General Cultural Fill/No Feature and Indeterminate context 10A = Feature 10 and Context A 10B = Feature 10 and Context B 10C = Feature 10 and Context C 22? = Feature 22 and Mixed and/or Undefined context 22A - Feature 22 and Context A Each stratum (e.g., 10C) is assigned to a stratum type. Examples: 10A = Feature 10 and Context A = Feature 10, erosional fill 10B = Feature 10 and Context B = Feature 10, roof fall 10C = Feature 10 and Context C = Feature 10, floor Some strata are associated with one or more subfeatures. Please see the Associated Subfeatures columns.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
Type Identifies the feature type for each feature. In addition, identifies the stratum type for each stratum in and/or associated with a feature. Examples: Feature 10 = Cobble Masonry Room (feature type) Stratum 10? = unassigned contexts in Cobble Masonry Room, Feature 10 Stratum 10B = roof fall in Cobble Masonry Room, Feature 10
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Feature Type none none
Associated Subfeatures Identifies the subfeatures associated with each feature -- often each feature stratum. A subfeature is designated by the associated feature number and an assigned subfeature decimal number (e.g., 10.01, 10.02, 10.03). Subfeature numbers begin with .01 for each associated feature and increase sequentially. Also identifies the subfeature type. Each subfeature is labeled with the assigned subfeature type, to the right of the subfeature number. Examples: 10.04 Timber = a timber subfeature associated with Feature 10 10.05 In-Place Vessel = an in-situ vessel associated with Feature 10 10.06 Roof Fall = well-defined roof fall in association with Feature 10 Note that subfeatures are frequently associated with a particular stratum within a feature. For example, subfeatures 10.04, 10.05, and 10.06 may be associated with Stratum 10C. Other subfeatures may be associated with Stratum 10D, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Feature Type none none
Associated Subfeatures Identifies the subfeatures associated with each feature -- often each feature stratum. A subfeature is designated by the associated feature number and an assigned subfeature decimal number (e.g., 10.01, 10.02, 10.03). Subfeature numbers begin with .01 for each associated feature and increase sequentially. Also identifies the subfeature type. Each subfeature is labeled with the assigned subfeature type, to the right of the subfeature number. Examples: 10.04 Timber = a timber subfeature associated with Feature 10 10.05 In-Place Vessel = an in-situ vessel associated with Feature 10 10.06 Roof Fall = well-defined roof fall in association with Feature 10 Note that subfeatures are frequently associated with a particular stratum within a feature. For example, subfeatures 10.04, 10.05, and 10.06 may be associated with Stratum 10C. Other subfeatures may be associated with Stratum 10D, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Feature Type none none
Total Volume (cu. M) Measurement of the volume (in cubic meters) of total fill in a designated stratum.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Volume none none
Screened Volume (cu. M) Measurement of the volume (in cubic meters) of fill that was screened from a designated stratum. The measure is 0.00 if no fill was screened from a stratum (i.e., The context or feature fill was not screened.).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Volume none none
Feature Identifies the assigned feature number for each identified feature.Feature numbers begin with 1 at each site and increase sequentially (e.g., 10, 11, 12).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Feature ID/Number none none

Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 650 to 1650


Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.273; min lat: 33.741 ; max long: -111.222; max lat: 33.814 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Contributor(s): Peter H. McCartney ; Ronna J. Bradley ; Judi L. Cameron ; J. Phil Dering ; Suzanne K. Fish ; Mark R. Hackbarth ; Chris Loendorf ; Marcia H. Regan ; Sheldon T. Watson

Lab Director(s): Arleyn W. Simon

Principal Investigator(s): Glen E. Rice ; Charles Redman

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Repository(s): Center for Archaeology and Society, Arizona State University

Prepared By(s): Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University

Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office


Record Identifiers

Roosevelt Monograph Series(s): 9

Anthropological Field Studies(s): 38

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 9-CS-32-06230

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
clinemesa_strata_U.4.9-295.xls 48.50kb Jan 25, 2015 3:20:35 PM Public
Translated version clinemesa_strata_U.4.9-295_translated.xls (39.00kb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America