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Livingston Data, AZ V:5:66 (ASM): Special Artifacts from All Contexts

Creator(s): Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University

Year: 1997

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Summary

The Livingston Data tables provide a summary of the artifacts recovered during Arizona State University (ASU), Office of Cultural Resource Management's (OCRM) Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) excavations at Livingston Management Group, Pinto Creek Complex. The Livingston table, "Special Artifacts from All Contexts," presents a summary of fine, elaborate, rare, and/or otherwise special goods recovered from all investigated contexts (both screened and unscreened) at the site. In general, it presents a list of fine goods and other artifacts that received a Stage 3 Special analysis.

The table lists archaeological sites and designated archaeological contexts - strata - at each site. The strata represent major natural or cultural depositional events such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate. Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. In this table, the archaeological contexts - strata - are identified by a combination of numbering systems: the ASM site number, a colon, the feature number, and the stratum letter designation (EX: U:3:198:006A, U:3:198:006B). Within a feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The letters are assigned in descending order. Mixed levels and artifacts collected out of context are designated by a "?". Artifacts from each feature (or mixed context) are tallied according to strata. Please see column metadata for further detail.

The table then provides the frequency (count) of different special artifacts for each stratum. The table presents counts of special artifacts in the following artifact categories: bifaces, drills, and projectile points; large stone implements; ceramic manufacturing materials; disks and whorls (ceramic and stone); stone jewelry; shell jewelry; manuports (rare minerals or other stone objects); grinding implements, mortars, and pestles; and miscellaneous artifacts.

This data was originally published in the Roosevelt Platform Mound Monograph Series No. 3 as an appendix. See the report at the following tDAR URL:

https://core.tdar.org/document/398709/archaeology-of-the-salado-in-the-livingston-area-of-tonto-basin-roosevelt-platform-mound-study-report-on-the-livingston-management-group-pinto-creek-complex-part-1

https://core.tdar.org/document/394285/archaeology-of-the-salado-in-the-livingston-area-of-tonto-basin-roosevelt-platform-mound-study-report-on-the-livingston-management-group-pinto-creek-complex-part-2


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Cite this Record

Livingston Data, AZ V:5:66 (ASM): Special Artifacts from All Contexts. Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University. Tempe, Arizona: Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. 1997 ( tDAR id: 398703) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8833V2K


Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: LivingstonPart1Table7.11Page247

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Stratum Identifies a major natural or cultural depositional event such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate (i.e., a single archaeological context in both horizontal and vertical space). Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. A stratum is a combination of an individual feature and a context in or associated with that feature. For example, Feature 10 might be a structure with an erosional fill stratum, a roof fall stratum, a floor stratum, and a sterile substrate stratum. Within each feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The levels excavated in a feature were aggregated into individual feature strata (e.g., Levels 1 - 3 = Stratum A). A feature's stratum letters are assigned in descending order. A context letter of "?" designates a mixed level or context or artifacts collected out of context. Examples: 0? = General Cultural Fill/No Feature and Indeterminate context 10A = Feature 10 and Context A 10B = Feature 10 and Context B 10C = Feature 10 and Context C 22? = Feature 22 and Mixed and/or Undefined context 22A - Feature 22 and Context A Each stratum (e.g., 10C) is assigned to a stratum type. The stratum data are presented in a separate stratum data table. Artifacts collected from each feature are tallied according to strata. For example, artifacts collected from Feature 10 are tallied for Stratum A, Stratum B, Stratum C, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
Agave Knife Frequency of lithic artifact type Agave Knife (Tabular/Spall Tool) in a given stratum. Tabular/spall tools are "relatively large, flat tools with unifacial and/or bifacial retouch. Tabular tools are made from platey material and are thin and flat. Spalls have the dorsal side partially or completely covered with cortex and are made from granular material" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-11). Agave knives (tabular/spal tools) received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-19 and associated form for details).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Biface, Asymmetrical Frequency of lithic artifact type Biface, Asymmetrical (Tool) in a given stratum. Bifaces are "retouched, thinned on both surfaces" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Apache Tear Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament/raw material type Apace Tear in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament and/or raw material types - Apache Tears in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Mineral : Count none none
Ceramic Disk, Perforated Frequency of the ceramic artifact type Perforated Ceramic Disk in a given stratum. Ceramic Disks were analyzed as part of the Stage 3 Ceramic Analysis Projects: Disks (Ceramic and Lithic) (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-40 -- 3-43 for details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Ceramic Bead Frequency of ceramic special object Ceramic Beads in a given stratum. A ceramic bead are "small spherical or cylindrical shaped beads (not whorl beads)" molded from clay (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-17).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Biface, Symmetrical Frequency of lithic artifact type Biface, Symmetrical (Tool) in a given stratum. Bifaces are "retouched, thinned on both surfaces" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Shell Orament Frequency of shell ornament in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Ceramic Disk, Unperforated Frequency of the ceramic artifact type Unperforated Ceramic Disk in a given stratum. Ceramic Disks were analyzed as part of the Stage 3 Ceramic Analysis Projects: Disks (Ceramic and Lithic) (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-40 -- 3-43 for details).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Ceramic Figurine Frequency of ceramic special object type ceramic Figurines (and/or fragments of figurines) in a given stratum. A figurine is defined as a ceramic form whose "shape[] suggest[s] human or animal forms; [includes] figurines and effigy pots" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-17 and 3-22).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Fetish/Effigy Frequency of a lithic fetish/effigy in a given stratum (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Pigment Stone Frequency of a lithic fetish/effigy in a given stratum (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Raw Shell Frequency of raw (unmodified) shell in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Stone Bead, Flat Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament type Flat Stone Bead in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament types - Flat Stone Bead in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Stone Bead, Tubular Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament type Tubular Stone Bead in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament types - Tubular Stone Bead in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Stone Disk, Perforated Frequency of lithic artifact type Perforated Stone Disk in a given stratum. Stone disks were analyzed as part of the Stage 3 Ceramic Analysis Projects: Disks (Ceramic and Lithic) (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-40 -- 3-43 for details).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Stone Disk, Unperforated Frequency of lithic artifact type Unperforated Stone Disk in a given stratum. Stone disks were analyzed as part of the Stage 3 Ceramic Analysis Projects: Disks (Ceramic and Lithic) (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-40 -- 3-43 for details).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Shell Debitage Frequency of shell debitage in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Tessara Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament type Stone Tessera (mosaic piece) in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament types - Stone Tessera in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
GRAND TOTAL The total number of special/fine goods in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Count uncategorized none none
Drill Frequency of lithic artifact type Drill in a given stratum. Drills received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Stone Pendant Frequency of lithic fine goods ornament type Stone Pendant in a given stratum. Lithic artifacts that were designated as Fine Goods were examined in a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for fine goods. These artifacts were identified to particular ornament types - Stone Pendant in this case - during that analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-20 and associated form for details of the analysis).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Shell Tinkler Frequency of the shell artifact type Shell Tinkler in a given stratum.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Raw Clay Frequency of raw clay in a given stratum. Raw clay is any "paste, whole or fragmented unformed pieces, fired or unfired" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-18; see also pp. 3-20 for notes about Stage 3 analysis of raw clay).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none

Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.007; min lat: 33.623 ; max long: -110.951; max lat: 33.671 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Contributor(s): Owen Lindauer ; Peter H. McCartney ; Judi L. Cameron ; J. Phil Dering ; Suzanne K. Fish ; Carol A. Griffith ; Joel D. Irish ; John C. Ravesloot ; Marcia H. Regan ; Kim S. Savage ; M. Steven Shackley ; Katherine A. Spielmann ; Christy G. II Turner

Lab Director(s): Arleyn W. Simon

Principal Investigator(s): Glen E. Rice ; Charles Redman

Sponsor(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office

Prepared By(s): Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University

Submitted To(s): USDI Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office


Record Identifiers

Roosevelt Monograph Series(s): 3

Anthropological Field Studies(s): 32

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 9-CS-32-06230

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
livingston_V.5.66-15a_all_special.xls 31.50kb May 21, 2015 1:56:50 PM Public
Translated version livingston_V.5.66-15a_all_special_translated.xls (49.00kb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America