Livingston Management Group, Pinto Creek Complex Data: Data Matrix for Two Sites

Summary

The Livingston Management Group, Pinto Creek Complex Data tables provide a summary of the artifacts recovered during Arizona State University (ASU), Office of Cultural Resource Management's (OCRM) Roosevelt Platform Mound Study (RPMS) research at 52 sites located in four study areas in the bajadas and foothill-transition zone that surround and define the Tonto Basin.The Livingston Management Group, Pinto Creek Complex Data Matrix presents data on selected artifact types excavated at two Livingston Management Group, Pinto Creek Complex sites: AZ V:5:66(ASM) and AZ V:5:76(ASM).

The table lists archaeological sites and designated archaeological contexts - strata - at each site. The strata represent major natural or cultural depositional events such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate. Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. In this table, the archaeological contexts - strata - are identified by a combination of numbering systems: the ASM site number, a colon, the feature number, and the stratum letter designation (EX: U:3:198:006A, U:3:198:006B). Within a feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The letters are assigned in descending order. Mixed levels and artifacts collected out of context are designated by a "?". Artifacts from each feature (or mixed context) are tallied according to strata. Please see column metadata for further detail.

This data was originally published in the Roosevelt Platform Mound Monograph Series No. 3 as an appendix. See the report at the following tDAR URL:

https://core.tdar.org/document/398709/archaeology-of-the-salado-in-the-livingston-area-of-tonto-basin-roosevelt-platform-mound-study-report-on-the-livingston-management-group-pinto-creek-complex-part-1

https://core.tdar.org/document/394285/archaeology-of-the-salado-in-the-livingston-area-of-tonto-basin-roosevelt-platform-mound-study-report-on-the-livingston-management-group-pinto-creek-complex-part-2

Cite this Record

Livingston Management Group, Pinto Creek Complex Data: Data Matrix for Two Sites. Archaeological Research Institute, Arizona State University. Tempe, Arizona: Office of Cultural Resource Management, Arizona State University. 1997 ( tDAR id: 398995) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8GH9M03

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: LivingstonPart1Table9.1Page268-

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
STRATUM Identifies a major natural or cultural depositional event such as erosional fill, roof fall, floor contexts, and sterile substrate (i.e., a single archaeological context in both horizontal and vertical space). Strata are depicted as horizontal rows of interconnected boxes on a Harris Matrix. This table contains data from multiple sites with multiple features and associated strata. Thus, in this table, a stratum is identified by combining several numbering systems: an ASM site number, a colon, a feature number, and a stratum letter designation. EX: U:3:198:006A, U:3:198:006B A stratum is a combination of an individual feature and a context in or associated with that feature. For example, Feature 10 might be a structure with an erosonial fill stratum, a roof fall stratum, a floor stratum, and a sterile substrate stratum. Within each feature, each stratum is designated by the feature number (e.g., 10, 11, 12, etc.) and a letter that designates a particular stratum (e.g., A, B, C). The levels excavated in a feature were aggregated into individual feature strata (e.g., Levels 1 - 3 = Stratum A). A feature's stratum letters are assigned in descending order. A context letter of "?" designates a mixed level or context or artifacts collected out of context. Examples: 0? = General Cultural Fill/No Feature and Indeterminate context 10A = Feature 10 and Context A 10B = Feature 10 and Context B 10C = Feature 10 and Context C 22? = Feature 22 and Mixed and/or Undefined context 22A - Feature 22 and Context A Each stratum (e.g., 10C) is assigned to a stratum type. The stratum data are presented in separate strata data tables. Artifacts collected from each feature are tallied according to strata. For example, artifacts collected from Feature 10 are tallied for Stratum A, Stratum B, Stratum C, etc.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Provenience and Context : Stratum none none
Jar Frequency of individual vessels that were identified as jars. The Stage 1 Ceramic Analysis assigned ceramic sherds to distinct vessels and then identified basic vessel forms and parts: bowl rims, necks (jar rims and necks), shoulders, bases, bodies, disks, figurines, handles, pinch pots, beads, and other unfired/fired pieces. The Stage 2 analysis examined distinct vessels (groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to individual vessels) to determine body form and detailed ceramic ware and type. This analysis recorded bowl and jar forms (e.g., incurving bowls, inflected restricted jars, etc.). The analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases. However, it was extended to body sherds in contexts where there were few to no rim/neck sherds. Please see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-12 and 3-23 for details on determining vessel form.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Hammerstone Frequency of lithic artifact type Hammerstone in a given stratum. A Hammerstone is a "stone with crushing, hinge and step fractures derived from battering, hammering, or pecking activities" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Core Frequency of lithic artifact type Core in a given stratum. Cores are "artifacts with (multiple) negative flake scars; may have platforms; may exhibit crushing and/or step fractures at percussion point(s)" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Anvil for Lithics Frequency of groundstone artifact type Anvil (for lithics) in a given stratum. An Anvil (for lithics) is a "rock with small crushed, pecked depressions, scattered pockets; used for bipolar percussion" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Anvils for lithics received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Sharpening Stone Frequency of groundstone artifact type Sharpening Stone in a given stratum. A Sharpening Stone is a "stone with one or more V shaped grooves; grooves may cross each other; usually gritty texture for sanding" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Sharpening stones received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis as part of the special analysis for Abraders/Shaft Straigheners (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-9 -- 5-11 and associated form).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Uniface Frequency of lithic artifact type Uniface in a given stratum. A uniface is a lithic artifact "retouched, thinned along one edge or surface (not use–wear only)" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11). Unifaces received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Biface Frequency of lithic artifact type Biface in a given stratum. Bifaces are lithic artifacts that have been "retouched, thinned on both surfaces" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11). Bifaces received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Shaft Straightener Frequency of groundstone artifact type Abrader/Shaft Straightener in a given stratum. An Abrader/Shaft Straightener is a "stone with one or more smooth, U shaped grooves; grooves are usually polished; surface lustrous, shiny" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Abraders/Shaft Straighteners received a Stage 3 Special Gourndstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-9 -- 5-11 and associated form).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Reamer Frequency of groundstone artifact type Shell Reamer in a given stratum. A Shell Reamer is a "long, thin, rounded stone; ground to shape, not highly polished;one or both ends are tapered; surface rough for sanding" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Shell Reamers received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Ceramic Ornament Frequency of individual vessels that were identified as ceramic ornaments.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Pigment Stone Frequency of lithic artifact type Pigment Stone in a given stratum. Pigment stones are lithic "materials used to make paints or colors; exhibit ground edges and striations" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Lithic Ornament Frequency of lithic artifact type Ornament in a given stratum. Ornaments are "worked, or partially worked, pieces or crystals, beads, inlay, and effigies, disks, whorls" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Palette Frequency of groundstone artifact type Palette in a given stratum. A Palette is a "flat tabular stone, shaped into rectangle; may be decorated; exhibits wear from grinding pigment" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Palettes received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Shrine Stone Frequency of groundstone artifact type Shrine Stone in a given stratum. A Shrine Stone is an "unmodified stone found in an unusual context or group; spheroidal weathered, or flow banded conglomerate" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Shrine stones received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Baton Frequency of groundstone artifact type Baton in a given stratum. A Baton is an "elongated, tapered stone; slight wear on ends; highly smoothed and/or polished surface" A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Batons received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Censer Frequency of groundstone artifact type Censer in a given stratum. A Censer is a "rock with drilled or pecked depressions, usually 2 cm or more in diameter or depth" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Censers received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Stone Ball Frequency of groundstone artifact type Stone Ball in a given stratum. A Stone Ball is a "spherical stone; intentionally ground and shaped; approximately fist sized" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Stone Balls received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Bowl Frequency of individual vessels that were identified as bowls. The Stage 1 Ceramic Analysis assigned ceramic sherds to distinct vessels and then identified basic vessel forms and parts: bowl rims, necks (jar rims and necks), shoulders, bases, bodies, disks, figurines, handles, pinch pots, beads, and other unfired/fired pieces. The Stage 2 analysis examined distinct vessels (groups of sherds or single sherds assigned to individual vessels) to determine body form and detailed ceramic ware and type. This analysis recorded bowl and jar forms (e.g., incurving bowls, inflected restricted jars, etc.). The analysis was typically restricted to diagnostic vessel parts: bowl rims, jar rims/necks, shoulders, and bases. However, it was extended to body sherds in contexts where there were few to no rim/neck sherds. Please see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-12 and 3-23 for details on determining vessel form.
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Mano Frequency of groundstone artifact type Mano in a given stratum. A Mano is a "hand stone; flattened ground surface; ends may be modified" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Metate Frequency of groundstone artifact type Metate in a given stratum. Metates received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis for metate use-wear (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-17 -- 5-18 and associated form for analysis details).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Pestle Frequency of groundstone artifact type Pestle in a given stratum. A Pestle is a "hand stone used with a mortar for crushing food, etc.; exhibits high degree of battering on one or both ends" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Pestles received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Rubbing Stone Frequency of groundstone artifact type Rubbing Stone in a given stratum. A Rubbing Stone is a "biscuit shaped, or irregular rock (not polished, not a polishing roundstone)" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Rubbing Stones received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Anvil for Pottery Frequency of groundstone artifact type Anvil (for pottery) in a given stratum. An Anvil (for pottery) is a "round, thick biscuit shape; may have indentation in profile, rough surface" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Anvils for pottery received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-15 to 5-16 and associated form for details of the analysis).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Mortar Frequency of groundstone artifact type Mortar in a given stratum. A Mortar is a piece of groundstone with a "large round hole; deep depressions; used with mortar; no formal exterior shape, although stone may be rounded" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none
Polishing Stone Frequency of lithic artifact type Polishing Stone in a given stratum. A polishing stones is a "small, fine–grained pebble, worn lustrous by polishing pottery" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Raw Clay Frequency of raw clay in a given stratum. Raw clay is any "paste, whole or fragmented unformed pieces, fired or unfired" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 3-18; see also pp. 3-20 for notes about Stage 3 analysis of raw clay).
BIGINT  Uncoded Value Ceramic : Count none none
Shell Ornamnet Frequency of shell ornament in a given stratum.
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Shell : Count none none
Agave Knife Frequency of lithic artifact type Agave Knife (Tabular/Spall Tool) in a given stratum. Tabular/spall tools are "relatively large, flat tools with unifacial and/or bifacial retouch. Tabular tools are made from platey material and are thin and flat. Spalls have the dorsal side partially or completely covered with cortex and are made from granular material" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-11). Agave knives (tabular/spal tools) received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-19 and associated form for details).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Projectile Point Frequency of lithic artifact type Projectile Point in a given stratum. Projectile points are "retouched, small, thinned triangular bifaces with hafting elements" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-7 and 4-11). Projectile points received a Stage 3 Special Lithic Analysis for projectile points, bifaces, and unifaces (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 4-15 -- 4-18 and associated form for details of the analysis).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Chipped Stone : Count none none
Axe Frequency of groundstone artifact type Axe in a given stratum. An Axe is a "blade is ground to a sharp edge; polished surface; rounded end, usually with a 3/4 groove; axe preforms" (A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-4 to 5-5). Axes received a Stage 3 Special Groundstone Analysis for axes and mauls (see A Laboratory Plan for Salado Research, pp. 5-12 -- 5-14 and associated form).
VARCHAR  Uncoded Value Ground Stone : Count none none

Spatial Coverage

min long: -111.007; min lat: 33.623 ; max long: -110.951; max lat: 33.671 ;

Record Identifiers

Roosevelt Monograph Series(s): 3

Anthropological Field Studies(s): 32

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 9-CS-32-06230

File Information

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    Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated: