The Cahuilla and the Santa Rosa Mountain Region: Places and Their Native American Association, A Review of Published and Unpublished Sources


The purpose of the research described in this report was to assemble data on the cultural resources of the Santa Rosa Mountains and associated parts of the California desert as part of a larger study presently being conducted by the Bureau of Land Management Desert Planning Staff. This larger study is directed toward the identification and evaluation of Native American traditional use areas, ritually associated resource localities, and sacred locations or areas, so that these Native American sites under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of Land Management can be identified, evaluated, and protected. The research results will also assist the Bureau of Land Management to make sure that projects initiated by the Bureau or actions coming under its jurisdiction do not inadvertently harm or destroy cultural resources.

These data then are designed to be used in a desert-wide land use allocation plan for the California Desert Conservation Area, an area likely to be seriously threatened by the rapidly growing population of southern California. The Study Area includes selective locations in the Santa Rosa Planning Units of Riverside County and small portions of San Diego and San Bernardino Counties (see attached maps). Emphasis is placed on vacant public domain within the California desert in and adjoining the Santa Rosa Mountains.

In addition to meeting the above listed objectives, this study provides a considerable amount of new information regarding Cahuilla land use and occupancy. The study provides new interpretations of data available from various sources, which are here for the first time placed in a single context. The material will be useful to scholars who wish to study Cahuilla land use and occupancy in greater depth.

For this report, Cultural Systems Research, Incorporated (CSRI) examined the published and unpublished ethnographic literature on the Native Americans known to have been associated with the Study Area. These are principally the Cahuilla Indians, but the Serranos have been associated with the western secondary Study Area, and in the historic period the Chemehuevis have been associated with the Study Area in that they live in the towns and reservations in Coachella Valley near the Primary Study Area. We have noted and mapped the sites recorded in the literature as being named, used, or told about in oral literature by Native Americans. Each site was given a number as it was encountered in the literature. Duplicate sites and most of those outside the Study Area were later deleted from the list.

Originally the information in this record was migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. In 2014, as part of its effort to improve tDAR content, the Center for Digital Antiquity uploaded a copy of the document and further improved the record metadata.

Cite this Record

The Cahuilla and the Santa Rosa Mountain Region: Places and Their Native American Association, A Review of Published and Unpublished Sources. Lowell J. Bean, Sylvia Brakke Vane, Jackson Young. Cultural Resources Publications - Anthropology - History. Riverside, CA: Bureau of Land Maganement. 1981 ( tDAR id: 126856) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8QF8TV9

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Chemehuevi Serrano

Site Name
Riv-10 Riv-1097 Riv-1327 Riv-1328 Riv-1331 Riv-1332 Riv-1333 Riv-1335 Riv-1340 Riv-1341 Riv-1342 Riv-1343 Riv-1344 Riv-1345 Riv-1346 Riv-1347 Riv-1348 Riv-1349 Riv-1350 Riv-1351 Riv-1367 Riv-15 Riv-1588 Riv-1589 Riv-1590 Show More

Site Type
Petroglyph Rock Art

Spatial Coverage

min long: -116.556; min lat: 32.538 ; max long: -114.457; max lat: 34.841 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Sponsor(s): Southern California Edison

Prepared By(s): Cultural Systems Research, Inc.

Submitted To(s): Bureau of Land Management, California Desert Planning Program

Record Identifiers

NADB document id number(s): 1043994; 1040073

NADB citation id number(s): 000000012532; 000000015396


General Note: Sent from: Cultural Systems Research, Inc.

General Note: Submitted to: Southern California Edison

General Note: Originally this record was automatically added to tDAR from NADB. In 2014, a copy of the document was added and the record metadata was updated. There was an additional record (tDAR id: 190508 ) for this document, which have been marked as "duplicate".

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
california_cahuilla---santa-rosa-mtn-use-native-american.pdf 5.19mb Nov 17, 2014 11:17:51 AM Public