The Archaeology of the McCain Valley Study Area in Eastern San Diego County, California: a Scientific Class II Cultural Resource Inventory


The results of a Class II Cultural Resource Inventory are reported for the McCain Valley Study Area. The Class II study is designed to accommodate the Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) planning and management needs by providing a data base from which objective estimates can be made of the nature and distribution of cultural resources within a defined area. The data base was acquired through implementation of a seven percent multi-stage sample field inventory using an 80-acre transect as the unit of observation. Located in eastern San Diego County, the McCain Valley Study Area is a physiographically transitional region comprised of approximately 98,000 acres of mountain and desert lands administered by BLM. As the study area consists of numerous blocks of noncontiguous BLM lands, it was first subdivided into seven separate sections and then stratified by environmental factors to facilitate sampling. From this, a five percent systematic random sample was drawn in two phases, supplemented by a two percent judgmental survey of unique environmental zones.

Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the prehistoric sites and features and their environmental associates was used to predict the kind, density, diversity, and potential for sites throughout the entire McCain Valley Study Area. Special studies were performed for rock art and roasting pits, and on limited field collections of obsidian, ceramics, and projectile points. Results of the analysis were synthesized with the existing site record, ethnohistoric and ethnographic data to develop an interpretative framework for understanding the subsistence-settlement pattern in the study area. Theoretical and methodological considerations relevant to future research and potential land use impacts are discussed as the final component.

Originally the information in this record was migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. In 2014, as part of its effort to improve tDAR content, the Center for Digital Antiquity uploaded a copy of the document and further improved the record metadata.

Cite this Record

The Archaeology of the McCain Valley Study Area in Eastern San Diego County, California: a Scientific Class II Cultural Resource Inventory. George Harris, Edward Dittmar, John Cook, Cliff Gates, Ken Hedges, Andrew Christenson, Terri Jacques, Scott Fulmer, John R. Cook, Scott G. Fulmer. Cultural Resource Publications-Anthropology-History. Riverside, CA: Bureau of Land Management, Cultural Resource Publications. 1981 ( tDAR id: 190511) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8J67HW7

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Investigation Types
Archaeological Overview Collections Research Data Recovery / Excavation Heritage Management Site Evaluation / Testing

Bedrock Milling Features Carrizo buff ware Carrizo Stucco Colorado Buff Colorado Buff Ware Colorado Red Cultural Chronology Cultural Resource Cultural resources management plan Cuples Faunal Material Flaked Lithics Food Processing / Procurement Site Hakum brown ware Historical Site Classification Historic Habitation Site Obsidian Obsidian Hydration Ocotillo Black-on-Buff Ocotillo buff ware Palomar Brown Ware Parker Buff Ware Pictographs Pine Valley Grey Pine Valley Red Predictability Study Prehistoric Habitation Site Prehistoric Pottery Projectile Points Regional Research Design Ritual Site Roasting Pit Rock Alignments Rock Shelters Rock Shelter With Ceremonial Functions Salton brown ware Salton Buff Ware San Diego Brown Ware San Felipe brown ware Sentenac brown ware Settlement Pattern Analysis Shaft Straightener Statistical Survey Methods Tizon Tumco Buff Ware Vallecitos buff ware Show More

Geographic Keywords
06073 (Fips Code) California (State / Territory) Canebrake Canyon Carrizo Gorge Chariot Canyon Cismontane Region Colorado Desert Grey Mountain area Imperial Valley In-Ko-Pah Mountains Jacumba Julian / Banner Canyon Mason Valley MCCAIN VALLEY Portero San Diego (County) San Ysidro Mtn Area, San Filipe Hills Sawtooth Range Southern Peninsular Ranges Table Mountain United States of America (Country) Vallecito Valley Walker Canyon

Spatial Coverage

min long: -116.607; min lat: 32.61 ; max long: -116.189; max lat: 33.311 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Sponsor(s): Bureau of Land Management, California Desert District, CA

Prepared By(s): Archaeological Systems Management, Inc.

Record Identifiers

NADB document id number(s): 1123092; 1125760; 1040077; 1123285; 1040078; 1121990; 1122257; 1040076; 1100228; 1124428

NADB citation id number(s): 000000012537; 000000317540; 000000012536; 000000315652; 000000024772; 000000316641; 000000140831; 000000318993; 000000012535; 000000316114


General Note: Contract No. YA-512-CT9-111

General Note: Originally this record was automatically added to tDAR from NADB. In 2014, a copy of the document was added and the record metadata was updated. There were multiple additional records (tDAR id: 37957, 352175, 190509, 190510, 339658, 312687, 355029, 138952, 340138) for this document, which have been marked as "duplicate".

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
california_archae-mccain-valley-sdc.pdf 18.23mb Nov 5, 2014 2:28:47 PM Public