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Archaeological / Historical Reconnaissance of a Borrow Pit Tract in Columbus County, North Carolina

Author(s): Thomas C. Loftfield

Year: 1986

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Summary

In October, 1986, the University of North Carolina at Wilmington conducted an archaeological reconnaissance on approximately 42 acres of a tract proposed for use as a borrow pit in Columbus County, North Carolina (see map). Dr. Thomas C. Loftfield was principal investigator, James Legg and Martin Maestas served as field crew. Approximately 80% of the high ground in the project area consisted of plowed fields. While visibility in most field areas was about 50%, a pattern of 10 foot wide lanes had been freshly plowed throughout the clear areas. These cuts were well washed by recent rains, and provided an excellent sample of the area with 100% visibility of the surface. All clear areas were examined by pedestrian walkover. Wooded areas consisted largely of low ground (perhaps 70%) which showed evidence of having been wet. prior to drainage efforts by farmers. Tests in this previously wet area were more limited. High ground in the wooded areas was examined by shovel testing, each test being 20 by 20 em and excavated to sterile sub-soil. Tests were approximately on 50 ft. centers. Visual examination was also made of several fire breaks and bull-dozer trails that provided excellent surface visibility.

Two very minor sites were located in the area. The first recognized consisted of a few scattered potsherds and a flake exposed in the edge of a field. Eight 20 by 20 em shovel tests and the excavation of two tests, each one meter on a side, recovered three additional sherds, but showed no evidence for subsurface features. All fill was sifted through ~ inch mesh hardware cloth. All six recovered potsherds appear to be fabric marked Hanover series sherd tempered, but the paste contains a significant amount of fine gravel as well (South 1976). The testing revealed that this was a very ephemeral site that holds no additional research potential beyond its having been recorded and the surface collection made.


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Cite this Record

Archaeological / Historical Reconnaissance of a Borrow Pit Tract in Columbus County, North Carolina. Thomas C. Loftfield. Wilmington, NC: University of North Carolina. 1986 ( tDAR id: 198242) ; doi:10.6067/XCV84F1RZ9


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -79.071; min lat: 33.944 ; max long: -78.162; max lat: 34.484 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): North Carolina Office of State Archaeology

Prepared By(s): University of North Carolina, Wilmington

Submitted To(s): Dickerson Carolina, Inc., Castle Hayne, NC


Record Identifiers

NADB document id number(s): 425096

NADB citation id number(s): 000000063061

Notes

General Note: The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. The attached digital file was scanned from a copy at the Research Laboratories of Archaeology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. It was uploaded to tDAR with support from the North Carolina Archaeological Council, and is managed by the North Carolina Office of State Archaeology. Please contact the North Carolina Office of State Archaeology (contact below) for access to this digital file.


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
425096.pdf 6.96mb May 6, 2015 7:58:28 AM Confidential

Accessing Restricted Files

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Contact(s): North Carolina Office of State Archaeology

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America