Appraisal of the Archeological Resources of the Big Bend Reservoir South Dakota

Author(s): Harold A. Huscher; Charles H. McNutt

Year: 1958


This report summarizes the results of an intensive archeological reconnaissance of the proposed Big Bend Reservoir of central South Dakota. The survey was carried out as a part of the continuing program of the Missouri Basin project, Smithsonian Institution, which is directed toward the recovery of aboriginal and historical remains threatened by hydroelectric, flood control, and reclamation development of the Missouri River system. The Big Bend Reservoir will be one of several artificial lakes formed on the mainstem of the Missouri. As originally envisaged by the Pick-Sloan plan, the reservoirs will form a nearly continuous chain from the Nebraska-South Dakota border to the North Dakota-Montana border. As the waters impounded behind this dam system rise, the extensive flood plains and terrace developments of the present river valley will disappear. It is now apparent to anthropologists that the most intensive aboriginal occupation of the Northern Plains occurred within this narrow strip of land. Although the inhabitants varied in tribal

affiliation, language. and in details of custom, they developed a way of life that was one of the most distinctive in North America. It should be emphasized, therefore, that the reservoir system now being created will destroy not only a great number of aboriginal sites but also the total record of a distinctive cultural pattern.

A detailed appraisal of archeological resources is prerequisite to any program of intensive regional research. The specific aims of the survey are summarized as follows:

1. To relocate and appraise all sites listed previously.

2. To locate historic sites described in the early literature.

3. To explore both banks of the river for additional historic

and aboriginal sites in the reservoir area.

4. To collect surface samples of artifacts from each Site, if


5. To carry out limited test excavations at selected sites.

6. To produce a map and photographic record of all sites


The field investigations that provide the basis for this assessment extended from June 2 through September 15, 1956. and from July 1 through September 2, 1957.

Cite this Record

Appraisal of the Archeological Resources of the Big Bend Reservoir South Dakota. Harold A. Huscher, Charles H. McNutt. 1958 ( tDAR id: 25240) ; doi:10.6067/XCV86975Q8

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Site Name
39BF10 39BF202 39BF203 39BF205 39BF206 39BF207 39BF208 39BF210 39BF211 39BF212 39BF214 39BF215 39BF216 39BF217 39BF218 39BF219 39BF220 39BF222 39BF225 39BF226 39BF227 39BF228 39BF229 39BF230 39BF231 39BF236 39BF301 39BF6 39BF8 39HE201 39HE202 39HE203 39HE204 39HE205 39HE206 39HU202 39HU203 39HU204 39HU205 39HU208 39HU209 39HU213 39HU214 39HU215 39HU216 39HU217 39HU218 39HU219 39HU221 39HU222 39HU223 39HU224 39HU225 39HU226 39HU227 39HU228 39HU229 39HU230 39HU231 39HU232 39HU233 39HU234 39HU235 39HU238 39HU239 39HU6 39HU61 39HU62 39HU63 39LM203 39LM206 39LM207 39LM208 39LM210 39LM211 39LM212 39LM213 39LM214 39LM215 39LM216 39LM217 39LM219 39LM221 39LM223 39LM224 39LM225 39LM226 39LM227 39LM228 39LM229 39LM230 39LM231 39LM232 39LM233 39LM234 39LM235 39LM236 39LM237 39LM239 39LM240 39LM241 39LM242 39LM243 39LM244 39LM245 39LM246 39LM84 39ST17 39ST218 39ST219 39ST220 39ST221 39ST222 39ST223 39ST224 39ST225 39ST226 39ST227 39ST228 39ST229 39ST230 39ST231 39ST234 39ST55 39ST56 Akichita Site (39BF221) Amos Shields Site (39HU220) Arzberger Bottoms (39HU7) Arzberger Site (39HU6) Baker-Rohde Site (39HU206) Black Hawk Village (39LM4) Black Partizan Site (39LM218) Bowers' Big Bend Site (39HU236) Bowers' Big Bend Site (39HU237) Bowers' La Roche Site (39ST232) Bowers' Stone Point Site (39ST235) Brother of All Site (39BF205) Camel's Creek Village (Camel's Creek Village) Campbell's Trading Post (39BF232) Crazy Bull Site (39LM220) Fort George Trading Post (39ST202) Good Soldier Site (39LM238) Grandle-Jones Site (39HU60) Hickey Brothers Site (39LM4) Huston Mounds (39HU212) Huston Ranch Village (39HU212) La Roche Village (39ST9) Leisher Ranch Site (39HU207) McClure Site (39HU7) McKay Ranch Site (39HU210) Medicine Creek Village (39LM2) Medicine Creek Village (39LM222) Medicine Crow Site (39BF2) Mush Creek Site (39HU5) Old Quarry Mounds ( 39BF234) Olson Mounds (39BF223) Presbyterian Church Mounds (39BF235) Pretty Bull Site (39BF12) Pretty Head Site (39LM232) Red Cloud Agency III (39LM247) Red Cloud Village (39LM2) Side Hill Mounds (39BF233) Stricker Villages (39LM1) Talking Crow Site (39BF3) Truman Mounds ( 39BF224) Tuttle Site (39BF3) Two Teeth Site (39BF204) Walker Village (39LM209) Walker Village (39LM3) Wolf Creek Mounds (39BF213) Show More

Site Type

Investigation Types
Reconnaissance / Survey Records Search / Inventory Checking Research Design / Data Recovery Plan Site Evaluation / Testing

Spatial Coverage

min long: -101.167; min lat: 43.5 ; max long: -98.926; max lat: 44.898 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Anne Vawser

Sponsor(s): Missouri river basin, Region 2, National Parks Service, Omaha, Nebraska

Prepared By(s): Smithsonian Institution; Missouri Basin Project

Record Identifiers

NADB document id number(s): 922791

NADB citation id number(s): 000000121161


General Note: Sent from: Missouri Basin Proj., SI, Lincoln, NE

General Note: Submitted to: Missouri Riv. Basin Recre. Survey, Region 2, NPS, Omaha, NE

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Contact(s): Anne Vawser