Faunal Analysis from the 2005 Excavation at Aðalstræti Nr. 10 in Reykjavík, Iceland (lab report)


In 2005, Archaeological excavations at the site of Aðalstræti in downtown

Reykjavík were carried out under direction of Mjöll Snæsdóttir and Howell M. Roberts

from the Archaeological Institute of Iceland (FSÍ). Reason for these archaeological

activities was a planned rebuilding and reparation of the house at Aðalstræti 10, whose

building date falls into the latter half of the 18


Century (Snæsdóttir, 2005 – English

translation). Phase one of the investigations involved a series of test trenches, dug on the

western part of the plot in January and February of 2005, revealing neither archaeological

remains from the Viking age nor from the 18


Century. According to Snæsdóttir

(Snæsdóttir 2007), the early modern remains from Aðalstræti 10 lie to the north of the old

Reykjavík farm (Fig 2) which dates back to Settlement period (Markússon in Vésteinsson


The inside foundation of the house at Aðalstræti 10 was excavated in August to

September of 2005, yielding bone material which weighed about 30 kg. The excavators

found rows of stones associated with the original wooden floor of the present building as

well as several thick cultural layers underneath which were dated to the 18


century AD,

mainly based on pottery and clay-pipe fragments. The archaeofauna is associated with

these pre 1760s AD cultural layers which predominantly consisted of peat ash from fireplaces. The 2005 Aðalstræti archaeofauna is thus roughly datable to the early 18


to late



centuries AD (at the beginning of the process of urbanization at Reykjavik), and

appears to be closely associated with the Early Modern farm buildings.

This NORSEC Bone report uses zooarchaeological data from the analyzed faunal

remains gathered during the 2005 rescue excavation of the 18th century house in

Aðalstræti. A total of 30 kg of faunal materials were analyzed for this report. Bone rich

contexts were sampled for bulk and additional flotation samples were wet-sieved through

1 mm mesh.

Cite this Record

Faunal Analysis from the 2005 Excavation at Aðalstræti Nr. 10 in Reykjavík, Iceland (lab report). Ramona Harrison, Marjorie Gorsline, Megan Hicks, Elise Alexander, Frank Feeley, Slobodan Mitrovic. CUNY Northern Science and Education Center, NABO, IPY 2007-10. 2008 ( tDAR id: 3346) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8JQ0Z04



Site Name

Site Type
Domestic Structures

Investigation Types
Data Recovery / Excavation

Geographic Keywords

Spatial Coverage

min long: -22.2; min lat: 64 ; max long: -21.6; max lat: 64.3 ;

Record Identifiers


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
norsec40adalstr102005.pdf 543.42kb Oct 16, 2010 10:43:14 AM Public