Final Report Cultural Resources Survey of Dyess Air Force Base, Abilene, Taylor County, Texas


This cultural resource survey involved the examination of approximately 1,013 acres of land on the Dyess Air Force Base in Taylor County, Texas. During this investigation, two previously unrecorded archaeological sites were discovered. Sites 41TA183 and 41TA184 are both situated on a hill top in the northwest portion of the base. Since both sites are situated well above riverine settings, neither has been subjected to any alluvial deposition. However, these sites were heavily disturbed by construction and subsequent soil deflation. Site 41 TA183, located along the base fence line, is frequently plowed to maintain a fire break for the base. Three projectile points diagnostic of the Late Archaic were recovered from 41TA183 and one point diagnostic of the Middle Archaic was found at 41TA184. Additionally, two localities were noted where prehistoric artifacts were recovered, but the artifacts were in questionable contexts. Locality A is located in the floodplain of the Little Elm Creek, but the artifacts at this site appear to have been incorporated with sediments brought in from another location. No diagnostic materials were recovered from this site. Locality B is situated within a rechanneled drainage. Four artifacts, including an Archaic point, were dispersed over 90 m within the drainage. None of the sites is considered potentially eligible for listing on the National Register for Historic Places since all of them lack integrity.

Cite this Record

Final Report Cultural Resources Survey of Dyess Air Force Base, Abilene, Taylor County, Texas. Norman A. Haywood, Keith A. Russell. 1995 ( tDAR id: 353771) ; doi:10.6067/XCV87S7MW9

Spatial Coverage

min long: -100.152; min lat: 32.081 ; max long: -99.63; max lat: 32.523 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Dyess Air Force Base

Sponsor(s): Dyess Air Force Base

Repository(s): Texas Archaeological Research Laboratory

Prepared By(s): 3 D Environmental, Cincinnati, Ohio, Cincinatti, OH

Submitted To(s): Dyess Air Force Base

Record Identifiers

NADB document id number(s): 852636

NADB citation id number(s): 000000326153


General Note: Short description from 2004 by LNightengale, TARL where the collection is curated is available in tDAR:; DOI: doi:10.6067/XCV83J3C8D

General Note: Contract number: Project # FNWZ 94-4051

File Information

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1995_final-report-cultural-resources-survey-at-dyess-afb.pdf 13.32mb Mar 19, 2012 3:10:24 PM Public
1995_final-report-cultural-resources-survey-at-dyess-afb-with-... 13.39mb Jun 26, 2012 1:48:32 PM Confidential

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Contact(s): Dyess Air Force Base