Phase I and II Archaeological Investigations at Shaw Air Force Base and the Poinsett Electronic Combat Range, Sumter County, South Carolina

Summary

Phase II Testing of three sites located within the Poinsett Electronic Combat Range (PECR) and Phase I Survey of three selected tracts at Show Air Force Base, South Carolina, was conducted by New South Associates for the

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Fort Worth District, and the U.S. Air Force, Show Air Force Bose (AFB). Most of the PECR is located in Sumter County's Manchester Township, with the southern end extending into Fulton,

and the eastern edge crossing over into Privateer. The three sites under examination are from north to south, 38SU58, 38SU222, and 38SU191. All three sites were recorded as containing potentially eligible prehistoric components. The testing phase was performed in order to determine the nature and significance of these sites as well as to gather information, which would facilitate the responsible management of these resources. Methods used to evaluate the sites included close interval shovel testing and test unit excavations at locations where artifact concentrations indicated the possible presence of intact cultural components or artifact clusters. Phase II testing at 38SU58 did not suggest a high potential for future research. On the other hand, Phase II testing at 38SU191 and 38SU222 revealed significant intact prehistoric components dating from the Early Archaic, Middle/late Woodland, and Mississippian cultural periods. These sites were evaluated as eligible for nomination to the National Register. Phase I archaeological survey of three selected tracts within Shaw Air Force Base resulted in the revisit/relocation of 38SU250 and the identification of one new site (38SU299). 38SU299 is a small floodplain site situated on the northern bank of long Branch. The presence of a possible midden feature and diagnostic lithic and ceramic material doting to the Middle Woodland and Mississippian cultural periods indicates good research potential. 38SU299 is therefore recommended potentially eligible for nomination to the NHRP. The initial Phase I investigation recommended that 38SU250 should be considered ineligible for nomination to the NRHP (Kreiso et ol. 1997).

Cite this Record

Phase I and II Archaeological Investigations at Shaw Air Force Base and the Poinsett Electronic Combat Range, Sumter County, South Carolina. Alvin J. Banguilan, John S. Cable, Charles E. Cantley, Leslie Raymer, Victoria Dabir-Banguilan. New South Associates Technical Report ,1156. Stone Mountain, Georgia: New South Associates, Inc. 2005 ( tDAR id: 381390) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8M046C2

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Spatial Coverage

min long: -80.556; min lat: 33.864 ; max long: -80.349; max lat: 34.017 ;

Record Identifiers

Delivery Order No.(s): 0046

Contract No.(s): DACA63-99-D-0010

Notes

Redaction Note: If you would like access to the full document, you may request it from the following office: Office of the USAF Cultural Resource Subject Matter Expert AF Civil Engineer Center 2261 Hughes Ave JBSA Lackland, TX 78236-9853

File Information

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2005_phase-i-and-ii-investigations_38su58_191_222.pdf 11.07mb Feb 12, 2013 6:06:48 PM Confidential
2005_phase-i-and-ii-investigations_38su58_191_222_redacted.pdf 9.99mb Aug 13, 2013 12:24:54 PM Public
This document is redacted. USAF archaeologists and officials have determined that some of the information in the full document should be considered confidential and have limited distribution. If you would like access to the full document, you may contact and request access from the following office: Office of the USAF Cultural Resource Subject Matter Expert AF Civil Engineer Center 2261 Hughes Ave JBSA Lackland, TX 78236-9853

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Contact(s): Shaw Air Force Base