Management Summary for Phase I and II Archaeological Investigations at Shaw Air Force Base and the Poinsett Electronic Combat Range in Sumter Count, South Carolina

Summary

During the period from February 28 to May 4, 2003, New South Associates

conducted Phase I and Phase II archaeological investigations at Shaw Air Force Base and at Poinsett Electronic Combat Range, both located in Sumter County, South Carolina. Phase I archaeological survey and Phase II archaeological testing were conducted under subcontract with Ceo-Marine, Inc., for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Fort Worth District, and the U. S. Air Force, Shaw Air Force Base at the Poinsett Electronic Combat Range. The work was conducted in accordance with, and in partial fulfillment of, the U.S. Air Force's obligations under the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended through 1992 (P.L. 89-665; 80 Stat. 915; 16 U.S.C. § 470 et seq); the Archaeological and Historic Preservation Act of 1974, as amended (P.L. 93-291); the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (P.L. 90-190); Executive Order 11593, "Protection and Enhancement of the Cultural Environment"; the American Indian

Religious Freedom Act (AIRFA) of 1978; and the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) of 1990. Alvin J. Banguilan conducted the investigations summarized in this report with field assistance from Brad Botwick, Scott Morris, Holly Norton, Dale Thieling, Tiffany Thompson, and Victoria ·Dabir-Banguilan. The Principal Investigator for the overall project was Natalie Adams. The Phase II portion of the investigation was conducted at three sites (38SU58, 38SU191, and 38SU222) within the Poinsett Electronic Combat Range (Figure 1). Sites 38SU191 and 38SU222 were originally identified by the South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology (Kreisa et al. 1996). Site 38SU58 was originally identified by CRHS, Inc. (Brown et al. 1983) and later revisited by SCIAA's subsequent 1996 survey. According to the survey reports all three sites consisted of prehistoric lithic and ceramic scatters. Site 38SU58 was dated as Early and Middle Woodland on the basis of what was identified as a Yadkin Triangular projectile point and Yadkin series grit tempered ceramic sherds. Site 38SU222 was also dated to the Early and Middle Woodland based on the recovery of both Y adkin and Deptford series ceramic sherds. Finally, Site 38SU191 contained Middle Woodland, Late ·woodland, and Mississippian

phase lithic and ceramic components. All three sites were recommended as potentially eligible based primarily on surface density and the recovery of diagnostic material.

Cite this Record

Management Summary for Phase I and II Archaeological Investigations at Shaw Air Force Base and the Poinsett Electronic Combat Range in Sumter Count, South Carolina. Alvin J. Banguilan. New South Associates Technical Report ,1098. Stone Mountain, Georgia: New South Associates, Inc. 2005 ( tDAR id: 381397) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8K35VKN

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Spatial Coverage

min long: -80.539; min lat: 33.819 ; max long: -80.288; max lat: 34.005 ;

Record Identifiers

D. O.(s): 0046

Contract No.(s): DACA63-99-D-0010

Notes

Redaction Note: If you would like access to the full document, you may request it from the following office: Office of the USAF Cultural Resource Subject Matter Expert AF Civil Engineer Center 2261 Hughes Ave JBSA Lackland, TX 78236-9853

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Contact(s): Shaw Air Force Base