Cultural Resources Survey of the Proposed Wells Crossroad to Holly Hill Reach Water Transmission Mains
"Archaeological survey through surface inspection and systematic shovel testing at 30-meter intervals identified seven sites (38OR331, 38OR332, 38OR333, 38OR334, 38OR335, 38OR336, and 38OR341) and one isolated find. Six of these sites contain remnants of nineteenth- to twentieth-century farmsteads or tenant farms. One site contains Pre-Contact ceramic and lithic artifacts. We recommend all of these sites and the isolated find not eligible for the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). We also conducted an architectural reconnaissance of the easement. Since the pipeline will be underground when complete, it presents no opportunity to affect any aboveground resources that might be eligible for the NRHP unless they have associated landscapes. Our architectural historian inspected the roads along the pipeline corridor to see if such landscapes are present. We identified no historic landscapes, but there are two architectural resources (Resources 0255 and 0256) that retain sufficient integrity to be included on the South Carolina Statewide Survey. Resource 0255 is a nineteenth-century farmhouse that stands ... (opposite the eastern/northern terminus of the proposed water pipeline). Resource 0256 (the Target United Methodist Church and its associated cemetery) is situated ... on the opposite side ... from the pipeline easement. Both are likely eligible for the NRHP. The pipeline will not alter the setting of either Resource 0255 or 0256 in such a way that would affect their NRHP eligibility. Thus, the construction and operation of the proposed Wells Crossroad to Holly Hill Reach Water Transmission Mains will affect no historic properties."
Cite this Record
Cultural Resources Survey of the Proposed Wells Crossroad to Holly Hill Reach Water Transmission Mains. Meg Moughan, Michael Walsh. Mount Pleasant: Brockington and Associates, Inc. 2012 ( tDAR id: 391284) ; doi:10.6067/XCV80Z74JS
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
38OR331 - Late 19th to 20th Century • 38OR332 - Late19th to 20th Century • 38OR333 - Late 19th to 20th Century • 38OR334 - Late 19th to 20th Century • 38OR335 - Precontact lithic and ceramic scatter • 38OR336 - Late 19th to 20th Century • 38OR341 - 20th Century
Amethyst Glass Bottle • Aqua Glass Bottle Fragments • Brick • Coastal Plains Chert • Flake • Glass Bottle • Iron • Isolated Artifact • Olive Green Glass Bottle Fragments • Porcelain • Residual Sherds • Stoneware • Target United Methodist Church • Whiteware • Window Glass • Wire Nail
Calendar Date: 1800 to 1830 (Target United Methodist Church (log structure))
Calendar Date: 1920 to 2013 (Target United Methodist Church (1920s to present))
Calendar Date: 1830 to 1873 (Target United Methodist Church (frame church))
Calendar Date: 1873 to 1920 (Target United Methodist Church (frame sanctuary)
min long: -81.249; min lat: 33.198 ; max long: -80.436; max lat: 33.668 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Field Director(s): David S. Baluha
Principal Investigator(s): Eric C. Poplin
Prepared By(s): Brockington and Associates, Inc.
General Note: "Intensive survey of the easement of the proposed Wells Crossroad to Holly Hill Reach Water Transmission Mains identified seven archaeological sites (38OR331, 38OR332, 38OR333, 38OR334, 38OR335, 38OR336, and 38OR341) and one isolated artifact find. We recommend these sites and the isolated find not eligible for the NRHP. None of these resources contains the kinds of artifact deposits or features from which we can gain important information about the past. Architectural reconnaissance identified no historic buildings or landscapes within or immediately adjacent to the proposed water pipeline easement. Thus, there are no historic properties within or immediately adjacent to the project. Therefore, the project as currently designed will affect no historic properties. Architectural reconnaissance identified two buildings (Resources 0255 and 0256) that appear to retain sufficient architectural integrity to be recorded on the South Carolina Statewide Survey and likely are eligible for the NRHP. A late-nineteenth-century farmhouse (Resource 0255) stands ... at Wells Crossroad. Resource 0256 (the 1920 Gothic Revival Target United Methodist Church) stands ... near the midpoint of the proposed project. In both instances, the easement for the proposed pipeline lies on the opposite side of the road from the buildings and their associated yards (a cemetery in the case of the church). As currently designed, the proposed water pipeline will not alter the setting of these buildings such that they cannot be determined eligible for the NRHP. Should the design of the project change, recordation, NRHP evaluation, and an assessment of effect for these buildings may be necessary."
|Name||Size||Creation Date||Date Uploaded||Access|
|4071-lmrws-holly-hill-pipeline-print.pdf||46.57mb||Jul 18, 2013 11:57:13 AM||Confidential|
|redacted-4071-lmrws-holly-hill-pipeline-print.pdf||16.06mb||Jul 18, 2013 11:57:24 AM||Public|