Aravaipa Creek Fish Barrier Project: Survey and Mapping of an Apache Site along Aravaipa Creek, Pinal County, Arizona

Author(s): Walter R. Punzmann; William B. Kessel

Year: 1999


The Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) directed Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. (ACS) to survey and map an Apache site which maybe impacted by the construction of a staging area for a proposed Central Arizona Project fish barrier on Aravaipa Creek.

The site was previously identified by a Reclamation archaeologist as containing a one-room cobble-walled structure, approximately 24 deflated rockpiles, at least two depressions, and a light artifact scatter. A consultation with Apache elders confirmed that the site was an Apache burial ground, and that the rockpiles represented burials. ACS performed the survey to define the limits of the site in order to determine if or how much of the area can be utilized by the construction effort. The project involved a walkover inspection of the site; identification of site boundaries, features, and artifacts; recording and photographing the features and diagnostic artifacts; mapping the site with a total station; and performing a survey of the bench north of Aravaipa Road to determine if this area fell within site boundaries. In total, 111 features and 188 artifacts or artifact clusters were identified. The features included rock cluster burials, possible rock cluster burials, fire rings, and other rock scatters. Artifacts consisted primarily of lithic fragments and historic cans. Diagnostic projectile points indicated a possible span of occupation dating from the Archaic period. The site was given number BOR-ARV98-1.

Cite this Record

Aravaipa Creek Fish Barrier Project: Survey and Mapping of an Apache Site along Aravaipa Creek, Pinal County, Arizona. Walter R. Punzmann, William B. Kessel. Tempe, Arizona: Archaeological Consulting Services, Ltd. 1999 ( tDAR id: 393844) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8NG4SHH

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Spatial Coverage

min long: -110.644; min lat: 32.824 ; max long: -110.603; max lat: 32.859 ;

Record Identifiers

Bureau of Reclamation Delivery Order No.(s): 98-PA-32-02810-D007

ACS Project No.(s): 98-357

NADB document id number(s): 3200082

Bureau of Reclamation Contract No.(s): 1425-97-CS-32-02810

NADB citation id number(s): 000000335654


Redaction Note: Pages 2-3 have been redacted to protect the site location. Given the sensitive nature of this report, access is restricted.

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Contact(s): Bureau of Reclamation, Phoenix Area Office