US Army National Guard Cultural Resources Planning Level Survey - Wyoming
Editor(s): David A. Palmer
This document reports the history of cultural resource inventories and historic properties evaluations on WY ARNG facilities, lists archaeological sites a historic buildings recorded within facility boundaries, discusses historic contexts and provides a list of Native American tribes that the Wyoming State Historical Preservation Office (WYSHPO) says may be culturally affiliated to archaeological sites, historic properties or collections. All artifacts collected by the WY ARNG's contractors were determined not to be Native American Graves Protection and Repartriation Act related
Forty five eligible historic properties, (including archaeological) sites, one eligible historic district, one eligible historic golf course and three historic trails) have been recorded on Camp Guernsey to date. There are five historic properties located on Camp Guernsey that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: 48PL80, The California-Oregon Trail, 48PL48, Spanish Diggings, 48PL132, Register Cliff (Oregon Trail related camp ground), Conservation Corps Camp Historic Site, 48PL972 (golf course) and 48PL32/68 Patten Creek (Prehistoric Quarrying /camping site). There are 448 non-eligible sites, 65 unevaluated sites, 63 isolates artifact finds, and 20 non-contributing trail segments from the Oregon-California (48PL80), Mormon and Child's (48PL176) Historic Trails also recorded on Camp Guernsey. There is also contributing segments of the Child's Trail in the North Training Areas.
The Lander Local Training Area has two eligible historic properties (archaeological sites), eight archaeological sites (not eligible), one historic building (unevaluated), and three isolated artifact finds that have been recorded.
The Lovell Local Training Area has two eligible historic properties which are pre-historic sites, nine unevaluated prehistoric sites, one prehistoric / historic site with its prehistoric component unevaluated and historic component not eligible, sixty three archaeological sites (not eligible), six historic sites (not eligible), seven prehistoric / historic (not eligible) and thirty five isolated artifact finds that have been recorded.
The Sheridan Local Training Area (LTA) has no historic properties. The Bozeman Trail runs across the southern boundary of the LTA, but the segment is considered non-contributing. Twenty archaeological sites (eighteen determined as un-eligible, two could not be relocated and thus remain unevaluated,) and one isolated artifact find have also been recorded on the Sheridan Local Training Area.
The Thermopolis Armory and Organizational Maintenance Shop contain an unevaluated Historic site related to a Works Project Administration camp.
Excepting training areas, there are no cultural properties located on WY ARNG facilities that have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. All of the WY ARNG's real property has been inventoried (Class III Cultural Resources Inventory) except for the Camp Guernsey North Training Area Artillery Impact area, Sheridan US Army Reserve Center, Lovell Army, and the Wheatland Armory. There are two historic properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places located in the Impact Area; Child's Trail, 48PL176 and Spanish Diggings, 48PL48. Because of a nearly complete inventory of all WY ARNG property, predictive and sensitivity model are not needed.
No Traditional cultural properties or sacred sites have been identified on Wyoming Army National Guard properties . No Native American groups/tribes have requested access to any sites. No Native American groups/tribes have informed the Wyoming Army National Guard of sacred sites on Wyoming National Guard properties as required by Executive Order 13007.
Finally, all historic properties are off-limits to vehicle traffic (except for existing roads with the boundaries of site), bivouacing, and excavations (except for the eligible historic district when excavations are authorized by the Construction and Facilities Management Office, Wyoming Army National Guard, the WYSHPO and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. In the future key properties will also be protected with fencing.
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
Cite this Record
US Army National Guard Cultural Resources Planning Level Survey - Wyoming. Kate Schaumann, Major William H. Saunders Saunders, David A. Palmer. Wyoming: Evnironmental Engineering Branch Construction and Facilities Management Office Adjutant General's Office, State of Wyoming. 1998 ( tDAR id: 425584) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8D50Q4P
Apache • Arapaho • Blackfoot (Blackfeet) • Cheyenne • Comanche • Cree (Plains Cree) • Crow • Flathead (Salish) • Kiowa • Kootenai (Kutenai) • Pawnee • Shoshone (Wind River Shoshoni) • Shoshone-Bannock • Sioux (Teton Dakota)
min long: -111.072; min lat: 41.03 ; max long: -104.084; max lat: 44.949 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Landowner(s): Camp Guernsey Guernsey, Wyoming ; Lander Local Training Area, Wyoming ; Lovell Local Training Area, Wyoming ; Sheridan Local Training Area, Wyoming ; Afton Armory, Wyoming ; Casper Armory, Wyoming ; Adjutant General's Office, Wyoming ; LTC John Raper Armory, Wyoming ; Cheyenne OMS#4, Wyoming ; Army Aviation Support Facility ; Cody Armory ; Douglas Armory, Wyoming ; Evanston Armory/OMS, Wyoming ; Guernsey Armory, Wyoming ; Gillette Armory, Wyoming ; Lander Armory/OMS, Wyoming ; Lovell Armory/OMS, Wyoming ; Powell Armory, Wyoming ; Rawlins, Armory, Wyoming ; Riverton Armory, Wyoming ; Rock Springs Armory, Wyoming ; Sheridan Reserve Center/OMS, Wyoming ; Thermopolis Armory/OMS, Wyoming ; Torrington Armory, Wyoming ; Wheatland Armory, Wyoming ; Worland Armory, Wyoming
Repository(s): Department of Anthropology, University of Wyoming, Laramie
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