Phase 1 Cultural Resources Survey of the Proposed Pennsylvania Route 166 Bridge Over Georges Creek, Nicholson Township, Fayette County, Pennsylvania


This report contains the results of a Phase I Cultural Resources Survey of an area which will be disturbed by the construction of the Pennsylvania Route 166 bridge replacement located in the community of New Geneva, Fayette County, Pennsylvania.

Previous cultural resources work conducted in the project area associated with the proposed construction of the Gray’s Landing Lock and Dam by GAI Consultants, Inc., Monroeville, Pennsylvania, also confirmed that archaeological remains associated with the New Geneva Pottery works (36FA91) were situated adjacent to the current project area. Five 1 X 1 meter test units were excavated by NPW within the project locus. One of the units contained thousands of salt glazed stoneware sherds, kiln furniture, and brick revealing that a portion of the locus along the terrace of Georges Creek was used to dump kiln waste during the third quarter of the 19th century. The study revealed that the limits of Site 36FA91 actually extend beyond its originally defined site boundaries. In addition, the deposits appear to be stratigraphically segregated and undisturbed and may actually be a part of a large feature associated with a series of dumping episodes during a period of time when the New Geneva Potteries were in operation.

Therefore, based on the results of the study, it is recommended that the portion of the site situated within the project boundaries be subjected to Phase II Archaeological Testing to determine its physical limits, integrity, and whether or not the site is culturally significant and is eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places.

Cite this Record

Phase 1 Cultural Resources Survey of the Proposed Pennsylvania Route 166 Bridge Over Georges Creek, Nicholson Township, Fayette County, Pennsylvania. Hettie L. Ballweber, Ronald L. Michael. 1993 ( tDAR id: 426098) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8426098

Spatial Coverage

min long: -79.916; min lat: 39.754 ; max long: -79.364; max lat: 40.1 ;


General Note: The digital materials in this collection were processed by the Veterans Curation Program (VCP), and include the artifact database, artifact report, finding aid, original investigation report, scanned asset key, and select artifact photographs. Additional digital materials held by the VCP include additional artifact photographs, artifact inventory, box inventory, document folder listing, initial data collection, and notes. For additional information on these materials, refer to the Finding Aid.

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
2028-0001_OCR_PDFA.pdf 41.68mb Oct 20, 2016 9:48:04 AM Confidential

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): US Army Corps of Engineers Mandatory Center of Expertise for the Curation and Management of Archaeological Collections, St. Louis District