Hale-o-Keawe Archeological Report: Archeology at Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park


This is a combined salvage, stabilization, and historical review of the

Hale-o-Kea_ temple, City of Refuge National Historical Park, Honaunau,

Kona, Hawaii.

The historical data collected and submitted by Superintendent Russell A.

Apple (1966) in a thesis for the complete restoration of the masonry platform, and the temple of the Hale-o-Keawe, are re-evaluated and analyzed for their archeological significance. (Editor's note: Russell Apple retired as Pacific Historian in 1981.) On the basis of the analysis and evaluations, and on-site observations and measurements, a seven-point guideline for the archeological research is developed.

A brief description of the existing structure and an outline of the functions of the pu'uhonua and the heiau in ancient Hawaii are presented. Based on the archeological evidence, the architectural history of the site is presented as the background for the stabilization and restoration of the platform. Also, in this section, the artifacts are given special attention. Over 500 classifiable artifacts were recovered.

The last portion deals with the synthesis and analysis of the archeological data, supported by both the historical and field evidence, for the stabilization and restoration. The seven points of the original conclusions are restated, supported by the on-site data. Supporting material appended are: Tables 1 and 2, illustration Plates I to XXXXIII, Figures 1 to 4, Accession List of Artifacts, A Full Quote from the Journal of William Ellis concerning the City of Refuge, Location Maps, and a corrected Archeological Base Map.

Cite this Record

Hale-o-Keawe Archeological Report: Archeology at Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park. Edmund J. Ladd, Gary F. Somers. Publications in Anthropology ,33. Tucson, Arizona: Western Archeological and Conservation Center. 1985 ( tDAR id: 4272) ; doi:10.6067/XCV82R3Q06

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1700 to 1900

Spatial Coverage

min long: -155.927; min lat: 19.409 ; max long: -155.883; max lat: 19.425 ;

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pia-33-puho.pdf 7.19mb Oct 16, 2010 10:43:14 AM Public