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Horse Culture and English Customs: The Importance of the Saddle Horse in 18th-Century English Colonies

Author(s): Sara J Rivers Cofield

Year: 2013

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Summary

Research into the origin of horse furniture found in colonial assemblages in Maryland has revealed new information about the predominance of saddle horses for travel there. English Customs records from 1697 to 1770 illustrate that more bridles and saddles of English manufacture were imported to Maryland and Virginia than to any other English colony in the New World, indicating that saddle horses may have been far more important in the Chesapeake than in other English colonies. This paper looks at the differences between Maryland and Virginia settlement patterns, landscape, and culture to identify factors that promoted travel on horseback, and therefore impacted the amount of horse furniture left in the archaeological record.


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Cite this Record

Horse Culture and English Customs: The Importance of the Saddle Horse in 18th-Century English Colonies. Sara J Rivers Cofield. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Leicester, England, U.K. 2013 ( tDAR id: 428263)


Keywords

Temporal Keywords
18th Century


Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 238

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America