The History and Archaeology of the Historic Creek Indians of the Ocmulgee River Valley, Georgia, USA
Author(s): Stephen A. Hammack
This paper will present the results of five years of historical detective work and archaeological research into the Creek Indians who lived in the Southeastern United States, along Middle Georgia's Ocmulgee River (previously Ochese Creek), between AD 1680 and 1716. Contradictory historical maps depicting town locations will be discussed, as will attempts to document their modern locations. Comparisons of ethnohistorical research into the two groups of Lower Creek, the more numerous Hitchiti speakers and the politically powerful Muscogee speakers, will emphasize differences in ceramics and different customs like artifical cranial modification. The presentation will also discuss Creek-European trading relations, the results from a recent controlled surface collection conducted at one of the towns (talwas), ongoing archival research in Great Britain, and upcoming excavations in Georgia.
Cite this Record
The History and Archaeology of the Historic Creek Indians of the Ocmulgee River Valley, Georgia, USA. Stephen A. Hammack. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Leicester, England, U.K. 2013 ( tDAR id: 428334)
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min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;