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Prelude to Removal: Tallisi Phase Transformations in Muscogee Creek Daily Life

Author(s): Cameron B. Wesson ; John Cottier

Year: 2013

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Beginning with the signing of the Treaty of Fort Jackson and ending with the forced removal of most Creeks on the Trail of Tears, the Tallisi Phase (1814-1836) was a period of tremendous cultural transformation for the Creeks of Southeastern North America. Historical documents suggest the most profound of these changes were alterations in political structure, domestic economies, and demographics. This paper examines the archaeological and historical records to evaluate the impacts of these changes on Creek daily life. Results suggest increased out-migration from Creek towns, the proliferation of homesteads across the landscape, new forms of domestic architecture, decreased diversity in Creek-produced ceramics, increased use of American tablewares, and fundamental changes in Creek politics and domestic economies. Despite important areas of cultural continuity, Tallisi Phase sites provide ample archaeological evidence that the cultural changes discussed in many historical sources were widespread and had profound impacts on Creek daily life.

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Prelude to Removal: Tallisi Phase Transformations in Muscogee Creek Daily Life. Cameron B. Wesson, John Cottier. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Leicester, England, U.K. 2013 ( tDAR id: 428337)


Temporal Keywords
19th Century

Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 550

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America