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The archaeology of cultural interactions in French Guiana

Author(s): Catherine Losier

Year: 2013

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Summary

The Guyanese cultural map changed just before the arrival of the Europeans in the territory. The first European explorers to reach Guiana therefore met recently restructured Native Amerindian groups. When the French settled and brought with them African slaves to work on their plantations, they increased the ethnic diversity of the Cayenne region. In this perspective, Cayenne Island was an area where cultural interactions and blends between the various groups in place were intense and frequent. The analysis of archaeological collections from various plantations and a pottery factory, as well as comparative studies of native and colonial pottery, indicates that certain objects reflect the social and cultural permeability of the Guyanese production during the 17th century. This presentation will explore the theme of cultural interaction and the process of creolization between Native American, European, and African populations as observed on ceramic assemblages and colonial settlements from French Guiana.


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Cite this Record

The archaeology of cultural interactions in French Guiana. Catherine Losier. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Leicester, England, U.K. 2013 ( tDAR id: 428399)


Keywords

Temporal Keywords
17th-18th Century


Spatial Coverage

min long: -141.003; min lat: 41.684 ; max long: -52.617; max lat: 83.113 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 360

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America