Features of War: The Archaeology of Defense, Skirmish and Occupation at Captain Jack’s Stronghold, Lava Beds National Monument
Author(s): Jacqueline Y. Cheung
Approximately 60 Modoc warriors and their families occupied and held off over 600 U.S. Army soldiers and volunteers at Captain Jack’s Stronghold during the 1872-1873 Modoc War. A 2008 wildfire revealed a remarkably intact Indian War battlefield that includes Modoc and U.S. Army camp areas, stacked rock fortifications and artillery emplacements. The 2008-2010 archaeological survey identified, mapped, and documented hundreds of features and artifacts, which provide insights into how the Modocs protected and provided for their families under siege, and how the rugged, rocky landscape affected U.S. Army troop movements and strategies.
Cite this Record
Features of War: The Archaeology of Defense, Skirmish and Occupation at Captain Jack’s Stronghold, Lava Beds National Monument. Jacqueline Y. Cheung. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Seattle, Washington. 2015 ( tDAR id: 433960)
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min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;