Class and Status in the British Army at Fort Haldimand (1778–1784)


During the American Revolutionary War, the British outpost on Carleton Island was an integral connection between the cities of Montréal and Québec, and frontier military posts in the Great Lakes. Situated at the head of the St. Lawrence River, the diverse activity on Carleton Island included a military fortification, naval base, shipyard, merchant warehouses and civilian refugee settlements. In the eighteenth-century British Army, deep class and status differences existed between the officers and the rank and file soldiers. Archaeological excavations at the fortification, Fort Haldimand, recovered evidence about officers’ and soldiers’ diets, living conditions and the availability of market goods on the frontier. This paper will utilize historic documents and recent analysis of the data from Fort Haldimand to discuss reflections of class and status in the frontier during the American Revolutionary War.

Cite this Record

Class and Status in the British Army at Fort Haldimand (1778–1784). Douglas Pippin, Aericka Pawlikowski, Kyle Honness. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Seattle, Washington. 2015 ( tDAR id: 434064)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Society for Historical Archaeology

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 482