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Changes and Choices in Heiltsuk Consumption of Euro-American Goods at Old Bella Bella, BC, 1833-1899

Author(s): Michelle Lynch

Year: 2015

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Summary

The contact-era Heiltsuk village of Old Bella Bella, British Columbia, site of both HBC Fort McLoughlin (1833-1843) and a Methodist mission (1880-1890), existed during a time of rapid changes. Missionary influence resulted in a shift among the Heiltsuk from traditional longhouses to European-style single-family frame houses, creating two spatially and temporally separate archaeological assemblages. Using data collected during a 1982 excavation of this site, this study compares artifact assemblages from one contact-era traditional house and one frame house in order to analyze changes in the frequencies of various artifact types. This research examines the process of adoption of European material culture on the Northwest Coast by looking at how European goods were incorporated into Heiltsuk culture over time and explores the idea that material culture was actively used by the missionaries as a tool of enculturation.


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Changes and Choices in Heiltsuk Consumption of Euro-American Goods at Old Bella Bella, BC, 1833-1899. Michelle Lynch. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Seattle, Washington. 2015 ( tDAR id: 434106)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 584

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America