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Peeling Back an Onion: Archaeological and Geophysical Analysis of an 18th through 20th Century Landscape in Prince George’s County, Maryland

Author(s): Donald K. Creveling ; Matthew D. Cochran

Year: 2016

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Summary

Compton Bassett is a multi-component historic and archaeological site located on the Patuxent River in Prince George’s County, Maryland. It embodies the evolution of a plantation landscape that bridges the establishment of large scale slavery in the early eighteenth century to the formalization of architecture and landscapes from the mid-eighteenth century though the late nineteenth century. This paper will look at the development of the architecture and landscape of Compton Bassett via archaeology, geophysical testing, and cultural landscape studies. The results of archaeological investigations of the extant Federal Period house and yard, various outbuildings, a late eighteenth century Catholic Chapel, and terraced landscapes, indicate the creation of a formal plantation landscape over three centuries of expansion and remodeling rather than as a single construction episode.


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Peeling Back an Onion: Archaeological and Geophysical Analysis of an 18th through 20th Century Landscape in Prince George’s County, Maryland. Donald K. Creveling, Matthew D. Cochran. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Washington, D.C. 2016 ( tDAR id: 434263)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 759

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America