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Lessons Learned: When the Public Speaks Out

Author(s): Leslie B. Kirchler-Owen

Year: 2016

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Public involvement is a critical aspect of Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) evaluations, yet many times consultation with the public is treated as an afterthought. Achieving consensus and ensuring stakeholders are afforded the opportunity to provide meaningful input requires adequate time and resources. The lack of an effective program may create risk to achieving project goals.

So, how does one engage the public? How can valuable input be solicited? Who are the stakeholders that should be reached? When has "enough" been done?  

The purpose of this paper is to provide a description of strategies to engage the public and to include them in important decision-making processes for Section 106 evaluations. In-person and remote strategies will be discussed that can be tailored to projects of all sizes and geographic locations. Connections to other laws/regulations and planning projects also will be reviewed. 


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Lessons Learned: When the Public Speaks Out. Leslie B. Kirchler-Owen. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Washington, D.C. 2016 ( tDAR id: 434710)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 377

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America