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Defining Blockaders: USS Westfield, USS Hatteras, and their Archaeological Context

Author(s): Justin A Parkoff ; Amy Borgens ; Amanda M Evans ; Matthew E Keith

Year: 2016

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At the commencement of the US Civil War, the Union devised the Anaconda Plan, implementing a series of blockades of major Confederate ports designed to disrupt Confederate trade and cut off supply lines.  For this plan to succeed, the Union had to enlist the support of a nonexistent patrolling naval fleet. The Navy worked quickly to supplement their fleet, acquiring vessels through a variety of means including those that were purpose-built for the navy, purchased for use by the navy, and/or converted for a specific type of service. What then, is a Union blockade vessel? USS Westfield and USS Hatteras were both Union blockade vessels that operated in the Gulf of Mexico and lost off the Texas coast in 1863. Archaeological investigations of both ships unveil a contrast in form, function, and circumstances, while also providing insight into the commonalities of Union blockaders in the American Civil War. 

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Defining Blockaders: USS Westfield, USS Hatteras, and their Archaeological Context. Justin A Parkoff, Amy Borgens, Amanda M Evans, Matthew E Keith. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Washington, D.C. 2016 ( tDAR id: 435064)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 778

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America