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Life On The Borderlands Of The Colonial Potomac: Exploring Chicacoan

Author(s): Barbara Heath

Year: 2017

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During the earliest decades of English colonization of the Chesapeake, the Potomac River Valley was a politically complex borderland between the colonies of Virginia and Maryland and Native American tribal groups. Here I trace the origins and development of the historic community of Chicacoan that emerged around 1640, and explore the domestic landscape of its leader, John Mottrom.  Mottrom settled a tract of land on the Coan River, south of the Potomac, which he acquired from the Chicacoan werowance Machywap.This property became home to a multi-ethnic, multi-racial household, the headquarters of the first English settlement on Virginia’s Northern Neck, a place from which Ingle’s Rebellion was plotted; and the seat of local religious practice and government. In this paper I explore the ways in which life on the borderlands shaped the development of Mottrom’s holdings at Coan Hall and the broader historic Chicacoan community.

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Life On The Borderlands Of The Colonial Potomac: Exploring Chicacoan. Barbara Heath. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Fort Worth, TX. 2017 ( tDAR id: 435127)


Temporal Keywords
17th Century

Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 451

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America